Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Budesonide in Very Preterm Infants at Risk for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (NEuroSIS)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified December 2009 by University Children’s Hospital Tuebingen.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
European Union
Information provided by:
University Children’s Hospital Tuebingen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: December 17, 2009
Last updated: June 28, 2010
Last verified: December 2009

December 17, 2009
June 28, 2010
April 2010
Not Provided
Survival without BPD at 36 weeks GA [ Time Frame: 36 weeks GA ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01035190 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Neurodevelopment at a corrected age of 18 - 22 months. [ Time Frame: 18 - 22 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Budesonide in Very Preterm Infants at Risk for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Budesonide in Very Preterm Infants at Risk for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia


Early prophylactic inhalation of Budesonide reduces the absolute risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death in preterm infants born <28 weeks gestational age (GA) by 10%.


To determine whether inhalation of Budesonide within 12 hours of life improves survival without BPD at 36 weeks GA in infants born between 23 and 27 weeks GA.


To determine whether prophylactic inhalation of Budesonide affects neurodevelopment at a corrected age of 18-22 months in preterm infants; to determine whether inhalation of corticosteroids is associated with adverse treatment effects, alters mortality at 36 weeks GA, BPD incidence at 36 weeks GA, and the duration of positive pressure respiratory support or supplemental oxygen.


Pre- and postnatal exposure of the developing lung to inflammation is central to the development of BPD and the pulmonary inflammatory response in preterms at risk of developing BPD is established very early in life. Corticosteroids have antiinflammatory properties and early inhalation of corticosteroids may allow for beneficial local effects on the pulmonary system prior to the development of a full inflammatory response with a lower risk of undesirable systemic side effects.


Randomised placebo-controlled, multi-centre clinical trial.


Within 2 years 850 infants of 23-27 weeks GA will be randomised during the first 12 hours of life to Budesonide or placebo to prevent BPD. Study drugs will be administered via Aerochamber and continued until infants are either off supplementary oxygen and positive pressure support or have reached a GA of 32 0/7 weeks regardless of ventilatory status. The primary outcome of survival without BPD will be determined at 36 weeks GA and BPD will be defined according to the physiological definition. Study patients will be followed and neurodevelopmental outcomes will be assessed at a corrected age of 18-22 months.


BPD not only contributes to the mortality of preterm infants but is also associated with impaired neurosensory development in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) survivors, frequent readmission to hospital in the first 2 years of life, as well as with an increased risk of asthma, lung function abnormalities and persistent respiratory symptoms in adolescence and young adulthood. Systemic corticosteroids are effective in preventing BPD, but their use is practically prohibited given their adverse effects on neurodevelopment. Early inhalation of corticosteroids has been shown to be associated with secondary pulmonary benefits, but its effect on survival without BPD and on neurodevelopment remains unclear.

Not Provided
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Drug: Budesonide
Inhalation, 200 µg/puff
Other Name: Budiair
Experimental: inhaled Budesonide
Intervention: Drug: Budesonide
Bassler D, Halliday HL, Plavka R, Hallman M, Shinwell ES, Jarreau PH, Carnielli V, van den Anker J, Schwab M, Poets CF. The Neonatal European Study of Inhaled Steroids (NEUROSIS): An EU-Funded International Randomised Controlled Trial in Preterm Infants. Neonatology. 2009 Jul 7;97(1):52-55 [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Not Provided
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • a gestational age of 23 0/7-27 6/7 weeks,
  • a postnatal age < 12 hours
  • the necessity for any form of positive pressure support (mechanical or nasal ventilation or CPAP

Exclusion Criteria:

  • involve a clinical decision not to administer therapies (infant not considered viable)
  • dysmorphic features or congenital malformations that adversely affect life expectancy or neurodevelopment and known or suspected congenital heart disease
up to 12 Hours
Contact: PD Dr. med. Dirk Bassler, MSc + 49 (0)7071 2980898 dirk.bassler@med.uni-tuebingen.de
Contact: Prof. Dr. med. Christian F Poets + 49 (0)7071 2984742 christian-f.poets@med.uni-tuebingen.de
Finland,   France,   Germany,   Israel
PD Dr. med. Dirk Bassler, MSc; Prof. Dr. med. C-F.Poets, University Children's Hospital Tuebingen
University Children’s Hospital Tuebingen
European Union
Principal Investigator: PD Dr. med. Dirk Bassler, MSc Children's Hospital Tuebingen
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. med. Christian F Poets Children`s Hospital, Tuebingen
University Children’s Hospital Tuebingen
December 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP