Mechanism of the Blood Pressure Lowering Effect of the DASH Dietary Pattern

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
American Heart Association
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01017484
First received: November 19, 2009
Last updated: April 9, 2013
Last verified: November 2009

November 19, 2009
April 9, 2013
July 2007
June 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
urinary sodium [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01017484 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
blood pressure [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Mechanism of the Blood Pressure Lowering Effect of the DASH Dietary Pattern
Mechanism of the Blood Pressure Lowering Effect of the DASH Dietary Pattern

Understanding the possible mechanism(s) by which the DASH dietary pattern lowers blood pressure will potentially enhance the value of this dietary intervention by elucidating the conditions under which it will be most effective, identifying target populations, examining its impact on vascular health beyond blood pressure, and enhancing the investigators' understanding of the interactions among diet, blood pressure and vascular function. In addition, results of this study may help to identify additional therapeutic targets. Therefore, the overall goal of the proposed study is to determine the mechanism(s) by which the DASH dietary pattern lowers blood pressure by using a controlled feeding design.

Randomized, controlled feeding trials have established the BP lowering effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern, which emphasizes fruits, vegetables and low fat dairy and is low in saturated and total fat. The DASH studies were designed to establish efficacy, not to determine mechanism of action. Other studies suggest that the DASH diet may have effects on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). These effects have not been directly evaluated, nor have other potential mechanisms of action such as effects on adrenergic tone, vascular function and inflammation. The BP-lowering effect of the DASH dietary pattern was maximal after two weeks of controlled feeding, and was comparable in magnitude to antihypertensive medication among participants with stage 1 hypertension. Understanding the possible mechanism(s) by which the DASH diet lowers BP will potentially enhance the value of this intervention by elucidating the conditions under which it will be most effective, identifying target populations, examining its impact on vascular health beyond BP, and enhancing our understanding of the interactions among diet, BP and vascular function. In addition, results of this study may help to identify additional therapeutic targets. Therefore, the overall goal of the proposed study is to determine the mechanism(s) by which the DASH diet lowers BP. Our unifying hypothesis is that DASH diet lowers BP through effects on vascular function and sodium excretion, mediated through the effects on RAAS.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Blood Pressure
Other: DASH, Control
controlled feeding of either the DASH dietary pattern or a typical American diet at isocaloric level.
  • Experimental: DASH
    The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Dietary pattern.
    Intervention: Other: DASH, Control
  • Experimental: Control
    The typical American diet as estimated from the NHANES survey.
    Intervention: Other: DASH, Control
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
20
June 2009
June 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. SBP 140-159 mm Hg and DBP 90-99 mm Hg based on mean values over two screening visits,
  2. Age ≥22 years, and
  3. Willing to eat at least one on-site meal/day, five days/week, and willing to eat study diets and nothing else for the 3 weeks of controlled feeding.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any serious illness that would interfere with participation or make DASH diet unsafe to the participants,
  2. Currently on cancer chemotherapy or with evidence of active malignancy or radiation therapy within past six months,
  3. History of CVD event (MI, CABG, angioplasty, symptomatic ischemic heart disease, or stroke),
  4. Clinical diagnosis of congestive heart failure,
  5. Current diagnosis of diabetes and treatment for diabetes with oral medication or insulin,
  6. Body mass index > 45 Kg/m2,
  7. DASH MECHANISM staff or household member of DASH MECHANISM staff,
  8. Using Medications including BP lowering drugs within the last three months, using lithium,insulin or oral diabetes medications, oral corticosteroids, unstable doses of psychotropics or phenothiazines, antacids or nutritional supplements unless they can be discontinued, or weight reducing medications;
  9. Consumption of more than 14 alcoholic drinks per week;
  10. Investigator discretion for safety or compliance reasons;
  11. Inability to provide reliable BP & vascular functions measurements;
  12. Planning to leave the area prior to the anticipated end of the intervention period;
  13. Pregnant, planning a pregnancy prior to the end of intervention, or breast feeding;
  14. Significant food allergies, preferences, or dietary requirements that would interfere with diet adherence; and
  15. Subjects taking medications for erectile dysfunction.
Both
22 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT01017484
Pro00001236, AHA 0755460U
No
Duke University
Duke University
American Heart Association
Principal Investigator: Pao-Hwa Lin, PhD Duke University
Duke University
November 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP