Trial Comparing High Versus Standard Dose Oseltamivir in Severe Influenza Infection in ICU (ROSII)

This study has been terminated.
(Patient population no longer available.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Hoffmann-La Roche
Information provided by:
University of Manitoba
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01010087
First received: November 5, 2009
Last updated: June 9, 2011
Last verified: June 2011

November 5, 2009
June 9, 2011
November 2009
May 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Negative reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR detection of viral RNA in nasopharyngeal and tracheal aspirate (intubated) or oropharyngeal (non-intubated) samples at Day 5 among patients who require ICU admission due to respiratory distress. [ Time Frame: Day 5 on study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01010087 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Ventilator days up to 60 d (main clinical endpoint), [ Time Frame: 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Trial Comparing High Versus Standard Dose Oseltamivir in Severe Influenza Infection in ICU
A Randomized, Double-Blinded Controlled Trial Comparing High vs Standard Dose Oseltamivir in Severe, Influenza Infection in ICU. "ROSII Study"

Primary Objectives:

The primary objective of the trial is to compare the antiviral efficacy of a 10 day course of standard (75 mg bid) and high-dose (225 mg bid) oseltamivir (or equivalent doses in mild-moderate renal failure) in the treatment of severe influenza infections.

The hypothesis is that high dose oseltamivir will increase the proportion of patients with negative reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR detection of influenza viral RNA (and viral culture, at selected sites) at Day 5 post-treatment.

An important secondary objective of the trial, which reflects the main clinical objective, is to determine the difference in the numbers of ventilator days between the standard-dose and high-dose groups

Primary Objectives:

The primary objective of the trial is to compare the antiviral efficacy of a 10 day course of standard (75 mg bid) and high-dose (225 mg bid) oseltamivir (or equivalent doses in mild-moderate renal failure) in the treatment of severe influenza infections.

The hypothesis is that high dose oseltamivir will increase the proportion of patients with negative reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR detection of influenza viral RNA (and viral culture, at selected sites) at Day 5 post-treatment.

An important secondary objective of the trial, which reflects the main clinical objective, is to determine the difference in the numbers of ventilator days between the standard-dose and high-dose groups.

Secondary Objectives:

  • Laboratory objectives:

    1. Assess viral RNA load and clearance from nasopharyngeal and tracheal aspirate (intubated) or oropharyngeal (non-intubated) samples by RT-PCR on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14 and 28 days
    2. Determine viral clearance by culture from nasopharyngeal and tracheal aspirate (intubated) or oropharyngeal (non-intubated) samples on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14 and 28 days at select hospital sites with culture capability
    3. Assess the pharmacokinetics of oseltamivir carboxylate and phosphate on Day 3 in suspected H1N1 patients with respiratory distress and/or critical illness requiring ICU care
    4. Characterize the inflammatory cytokine response on Day 1-3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 21 and 28 days to severe influenza stratified by standard-dose versus high-dose oseltamivir therapy.
    5. Assess leukocyte gene expression at day 1, 3, 5, 10 and 21 days using high throughput RNA assessment techniques
    6. Examine urine for biomarkers of disease and severe disease
  • Clinical and Safety Objectives:

    1. Determine the difference in the number of ventilator days in the standard-dose and high-dose groups
    2. Determine tolerability of high-dose versus standard-dose oseltamivir as assessed by the number of serious, atypical and drug-related adverse events that are possibly or probably related to oseltamivir
    3. Assess other secondary efficacy variables including survival duration, hospital free days to day 60, ICU free days to day 60, and shock (ie vasopressor) and renal failure free (ie not requiring hemodialysis; ultrafiltration acceptable) days to day 28 in relation to high vs standard dose oseltamivir therapy
    4. Assess 60 day mechanical ventilation and ICU-free days stay in relation to high vs standard dose oseltamivir therapy
    5. Determine clinical criteria used by clinicians when electing to continue or re-initiate oseltamivir therapy beyond 10 study day treatment course

Tertiary Objectives: Exploratory Analyses

  • Laboratory Objectives:

    1. Assess the relationship between pharmacokinetic variables on day 3 and measures of viral clearance
    2. Assess the frequency and genetic basis of antiviral resistance to oseltamivir during and after therapy
    3. Determine possible host genetic factors including HLA type that predispose to severe influenza
  • Clinical and Safety Objectives:

    1. Determine differences in development and persistence of adverse clinical signs (fever, heart rate, hypotension), requirement for and duration of organ support (supplemental oxygen, vasopressor/inotropes, continuous renal replacement therapy) and occurrence and resolution of organ failure by Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at days 7, 10, 14 and 28 as a consequence of high-dose versus standard-dose oseltamivir
    2. Determine impact of oseltamivir dosing on frequency of progression to mechanical ventilation among non-ventilated patients
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Influenza A Virus
Drug: Oseltamivir
standard (75 mg bid) or high-dose (225 mg bid) oseltamivir
Other Name: Tamiflu
  • Active Comparator: Standard Oseltamivir dose 75 mg bid
    Standard dosing
    Intervention: Drug: Oseltamivir
  • Experimental: High Dose Oseltamivir arm 225mg bid
    High dose arm of the study
    Intervention: Drug: Oseltamivir
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
59
May 2011
May 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients age 12 and older and 45 kg or more
  2. Suspected or confirmed influenza (Appendix A)
  3. Requirement for ICU admission due to respiratory distress or critical illness defined as one of:

    1. Inspired oxygen need of >50% for at least 4 hours (For FiO2 for non-intubated patients see Appendix B)
    2. mechanical ventilation
    3. Patient is receiving inotrope or vasopressor
  4. Negative b-HCG test or negative bedside urine test pending a confirmatory b-HCG test for pregnancy in women of childbearing age (12-60 years of age) will allow study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inability to obtain consent
  2. Patients receiving more than two doses of 150 mg or higher oseltamivir in 36 hours before study entry
  3. Patients having received more than 3 doses of 75 mg oseltamivir immediately in 36 hours before study entry
  4. Age less than 12 years, or age <16 and weight less than 45 kg
  5. Unlikely to absorb enteral study drug (e.g. patients with partial or complete mechanical bowel obstruction, intestinal ischemia, infarction, and short bowel syndrome)
  6. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to oseltamivir
  7. Pregnancy or breast feeding
  8. Previous enrollment in current study
  9. Concurrent involvement in an RCT examining an antiviral agent including other neuraminidase inhibitors, interferon-a and/or ribavirin
  10. Chronic renal failure requiring chronic hemodialysis
  11. Severe chronic liver disease (Child-Pugh Score 11-15)
  12. Anticipated death within 24 hours as judged by attending physician or local PI
  13. Patient carrying "do not intubate" order (a "no CPR" or "no defibrillate" or "no chest compressions" order alone is allowed)
Both
12 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada
 
NCT01010087
133312
Yes
Anand Kumar MD, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority; Health Sciences Centre
University of Manitoba
Hoffmann-La Roche
Principal Investigator: Anand Kumar, MD University of Manitoba
University of Manitoba
June 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP