The St. Marys and The Mater Switch Study (SMASH)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Mater Misericordiae University Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Imperial College London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00981773
First received: September 21, 2009
Last updated: May 20, 2014
Last verified: May 2011

September 21, 2009
May 20, 2014
September 2009
March 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Mean change from baseline in platelet reactivity between treatment arms at week 12 [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00981773 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
To assess for the following: Mean change over 24 weeks and mean difference at week 12 between study groups in plasma inflammatory and cardiac biomarkers and markers of immune activation [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
The St. Marys and The Mater Switch Study
A Prospective, Randomised Study to Assess Safety, Changes in Platelet Reactivity, Plasma Cardiac Biomarkers, Immunological and Metabolic Parameters in HIV-1 Infected Subjects Undergoing a Switch in Antiretroviral Therapy

The aim of the study is to determine whether switching from an antiretroviral regimen containing abacavir and/or didanosine to one containing maraviroc will lead to a reduction in platelet reactivity and inflammatory markers at weeks 12 and 24 thereby conferring a reduction in cardiac risk.

In addition the study will assess the efficacy of a maraviroc containing regimen in combination with a boosted protease inhibitor in terms of tolerability and achieving long term viral suppression as assessed at week 48.

The investigators hypothesize that there will be a rapid reduction in platelet reactivity on switching to maraviroc and that a boosted protease inhibitor in combination with maraviroc will provide a safe and efficacious antiretroviral regimen enabling a reduction in cardiac risk whilst maintaining virological suppression.

To assess the safety, changes in platelet reactivity, plasma cardiac biomarkers and metabolic parameters in HIV 1 infected subjects undergoing a switch in ART from a nucleoside containing regimen which includes abacavir and / or didanosine to a maraviroc containing regimen.

40 HIV-1 infected subjects currently receiving stable antiretroviral therapy consisting of a boosted protease inhibitor and two NRTIs including abacavir and / or didanosine will be recruited. Subjects will be randomized on a 1:1 basis to one of two arms:

Arm 1 (immediate switch in antiretroviral therapy)

  • Continue current boosted protease inhibitor
  • Switch NRTI backbone to maraviroc 150 mg bid

Arm 2 (continue current antiretroviral therapy)

  • No change to current antiretroviral therapy for twelve weeks
  • After twelve weeks switch therapy as per Arm 1

Subjects will be followed up for 48 weeks and will attend for clinic visits at screening, baseline, weeks 4, 12, 16, 24, 36 and 48. Platelet reactivity, inflammatory and cardiac biomarkers and markers of T cell activation will be assessed at baseline, week 12 and week 24.

Following completion of the study subjects may continue their study antiretroviral regimen or switch to an alternative regimen at their clinician's discretion.

Inclusion Criteria

  • HIV-1 infected males or females
  • Between 18 and 65 years of age
  • Signed informed consent
  • Currently receiving a stable antiretroviral regimen comprising of:

    • two licensed NRTIs including abacavir and/or didanosine
    • any licensed boosted protease inhibitor at any dose (excluding tipranavir*)
  • Undetectable plasma HIV RNA to less than 50 copies/mL for at least 24 weeks prior to screening
  • Availability of stored plasma with which to perform a tropism assay
  • CCR5 tropic HIV virus based on a tropism assay from a stored plasma sample
  • Willing to continue unchanged, or to modify antiretroviral therapy, in accordance with the randomisation assignment
  • No documented viral resistance to currently licensed HIV-1 protease inhibitors based either on previous HIV-1 genotypic resistance testing or in the judgement of the study investigators
  • No previous exposure to maraviroc or CCR5 receptor antagonists
  • Subjects in good health upon medical history, physical exam, and laboratory testing in the opinion of the investigator
  • Female subjects who are heterosexually active and of childbearing potential (i.e., not surgically sterile or at least two years post menopausal) must avoid becoming pregnancy as follows from screening through completion of the study using one or both of the following methods:

    • barrier contraceptives (condom, diaphragm with spermicide)
    • IUD PLUS a barrier contraceptive
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Exclusion criteria
  • failure of current antiretroviral regimen due to virological failure
  • active opportunistic infection, malignancy or significant co-morbidities in the opinion of the investigator
  • pregnancy
  • current prohibited concomitant medication (as listed in section 4.1.4)
  • no available stored plasma sample predating their current antiretroviral regimen upon which a tropism assay can be performed
  • active HBV infection as evidenced by positive hepatitis B surface antigen
  • active hepatitis C virus infection as evidenced by positive HCV PCR or HCV antibody
Interventional
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Maraviroc
    Maraviroc 150 mg bid
  • Drug: Maraviroc
    maraviroc 150 mg bid switch 12 weeks later
  • Experimental: Immediate switch
    • Continue current boosted protease inhibitor
    • Switch NRTI backbone to maraviroc 150 mg bid
    Intervention: Drug: Maraviroc
  • Active Comparator: Continue current antiretroviral therapy
    • Continue current antiretroviral regimen until week 12 then switch therapy as per arm 1.
    Intervention: Drug: Maraviroc
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
18
March 2013
March 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infected males or females
  • Between 18 and 65 years of age
  • Signed informed consent
  • Currently receiving a stable antiretroviral regimen comprising of:

    • two licensed NRTIs including abacavir and/or didanosine
    • any licensed boosted protease inhibitor at any dose (excluding tipranavir*)
  • Undetectable plasma HIV RNA to less than 50 copies/mL for at least 24 weeks prior to screening
  • Availability of stored plasma with which to perform a tropism assay
  • CCR5 tropic HIV virus based on a tropism assay from a stored plasma sample
  • Willing to continue unchanged, or to modify antiretroviral therapy, in accordance with the randomisation assignment
  • No documented viral resistance to currently licensed HIV-1 protease inhibitors based either on previous HIV-1 genotypic resistance testing or in the judgement of the study investigators
  • No previous exposure to maraviroc or CCR5 receptor antagonists
  • Subjects in good health upon medical history, physical exam, and laboratory testing in the opinion of the investigator
  • Female subjects who are heterosexually active and of childbearing potential (i.e., not surgically sterile or at least two years post menopausal) must avoid becoming pregnancy as follows from screening through completion of the study using one or both of the following methods:

    • barrier contraceptives (condom, diaphragm with spermicide)
    • IUD PLUS a barrier contraceptive
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test

Exclusion Criteria:

  • failure of current antiretroviral regimen due to virological failure
  • active opportunistic infection, malignancy or significant co-morbidities in the opinion of the investigator
  • pregnancy
  • current prohibited concomitant medication (as listed in section 4.1.4)
  • no available stored plasma sample predating their current antiretroviral regimen upon which a tropism assay can be performed
  • active HBV infection as evidenced by positive hepatitis B surface antigen
  • active hepatitis C virus infection as evidenced by positive HCV PCR or HCV antibody.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Ireland,   United Kingdom
 
NCT00981773
1.0 18.6.2009
No
Imperial College London
Imperial College London
Mater Misericordiae University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Alan Winston, MBChB Imperial College London
Principal Investigator: Patrick Mallon, MBChB UCD School of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Imperial College London
May 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP