MRI in Predicting Early Response to Chemotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00978770
First received: September 16, 2009
Last updated: August 6, 2013
Last verified: September 2009

September 16, 2009
August 6, 2013
August 2009
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  • Failed scan rate (i.e., the number of scans that failed protocol) grouped by cause, including patient refusal, protocol violation in timing, major errors in scan protocols, and minor errors in scan protocol [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Failed automated MRI-scan data-analysis rate (i.e., number of scans that required manual reading and number of protocol-compliant scans that were unreadable, subdivided according to whether the scans were technically compliant or not) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00978770 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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MRI in Predicting Early Response to Chemotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Neo Comice Pilot; Efficacy of Advanced Semi-automated Functional Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging in the Early Prediction of Response of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures such as MRI scans may help predict early response to treatment in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying MRI in predicting early response to chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced breast cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

  • To determine the technical feasibility of using MRI in a multicenter setting using the most commonly available magnetic resonance (MR) systems (i.e., is the trial able to scan patients to a specific protocol, using different types of MRI machine) measured by the number of MRI scans not completed to technical specifications (i.e., incorrect sequences or incomplete scans) or trial protocol (i.e., scans not completed or completed at the wrong time).
  • To determine how reliably the imaging data can be analyzed in a centralized, semi-automated manner (i.e., can MRI data be reliably transferred from different centers and analyzed using software based in the center for MR investigations at the University of Hull) measured by the number of cases where automated data analysis of completed MRI scans was not possible (i.e., data could not be analyzed at all or data required manual analysis).

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at baseline, 4-7 days after beginning after the first course of chemotherapy, at the end of their second course of chemotherapy, and at the end of their fourth course of chemotherapy (first regimen). MRI techniques may include dynamic contrast-enhanced, diffusion-weighted, and spectroscopic.

Interventional
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Breast Cancer
  • Drug: systemic chemotherapy
  • Procedure: diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging
  • Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
  • Procedure: magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging
  • Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
50
January 2010
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Newly diagnosed, histologically proven breast cancer

    • Stage T2-4B, N0-3C, and M0 disease
    • Locally advanced primary disease
  • Underwent both x-ray mammography and breast ultrasound scanning during the current treatment episode
  • Scheduled for neoadjuvant chemotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Medically stable
  • No renal failure
  • No serious breast trauma within the past 3 months
  • No known allergic reaction associated with previous administration of a paramagnetic contrast agent
  • No known contraindication to magnetic resonance (MR) scanning

    • Must pass the normal safety requirements of MR, particularly pacemakers and cardiac defibrillators
    • No disability preventing MR scanning in the prone position
    • No body habitus incompatible with MR system entry

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior chemotherapy
  • No prior surgery or radiotherapy for cancer in the ipsilateral breast

    • More than 4 months since prior surgery to the ipsilateral breast for benign breast disease
Female
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
 
NCT00978770
CCTU-Neo-COMICE, CDR0000649054, ISRCTN42613663, EU-20968
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Cactus Clinical Trials Unit
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Principal Investigator: Lindsay W. Turnbull, MD Hull Royal Infirmary
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
September 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP