Short-Term Fasting: Impact on Toxicity

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by University of Southern California
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00936364
First received: July 9, 2009
Last updated: August 6, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

July 9, 2009
August 6, 2014
July 2009
September 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Identification of the longest duration of fasting which is safe [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
To determine the safety and feasibility of short-term fasting prior to administration of combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with advanced urothelial and pulmonary malignancies. [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00936364 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Significant toxicity as assessed by CTCAE v3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Changes in plasma insulin, glucose, IGF1 and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) levels, and GRP78 expression in WBCs [ Time Frame: Up to 2 courses ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes in grp78 expression after fasting and after chemotherapy administration [ Time Frame: After 2 courses ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate the toxicity profile of standard gemcitabine and cisplatin chemotherapy in subjects who eat normally compared to those who undertake short-term starvation [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To investigate changes in plasma insulin, glucose, IGF1 and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) levels, and GRP78 expression in WBCs, in subjects who undertake fasting compared to controls. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Short-Term Fasting: Impact on Toxicity
Short-Term Fasting Prior To Platinum-based Chemotherapy: Feasibility and Impact on Toxicity

This partially randomized clinical trial studies short-term fasting in reducing side effects in patients receiving gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin for advanced solid tumors. Short-term fasting before chemotherapy may reduce the side effects caused by chemotherapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and feasibility of short-term fasting prior to administration of combination chemotherapy with platinum in patients with advanced solid tumor malignancies.

II. To evaluate the toxicity profile of platinum-based chemotherapy in subjects who eat normally compared to those who undertake short-term starvation.

III. To investigate changes in plasma insulin, glucose, IGF1 and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) levels, and oxidative stress markers in subjects who undertake short-term fasting compared to controls.

IV. To investigate whether changes in grp78 expression occur after fasting and after chemotherapy administration in human subjects.

OUTLINE:

STAGE I: Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups. GROUP I: Patients fast for 24 hours on day-1.

GROUP II: Patients fast for 48 hours on days -2 and -1.

GROUP III: Patients fast for 72 hours on days -3, -2, and-1.

GROUP IV: Patients undergo a modified 48-hour fast with minimal caloric intake on days -2 and -1.

STAGE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients fast for 72 hours on days -2, and on day 1.

ARM II: Patients proceed to chemotherapy without fasting.

All patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Fasting in Malignant Solid Tumors
  • Other: Short-term fasting
    No calories will be consumed during periods of fasting. Good oral hydration will be encouraged. Water may be consumed, as well as non-caloric beverages (i.e. zero calorie soft drinks, black coffee or tea).
    Other Name: fasting
  • Other: Modified fast
    Minimal caloric intake on days -2 and -1
    Other Name: fasting
  • Other: Fasting
    Day -1
  • Other: Fasting
    Days -2 and -1
  • Other: Fasting
    Days -3, -2, and -1
  • Other: Fasting
    48-hour fast with minimal caloric intake on days -2 and -1
  • Experimental: Group I (Stage I of study)
    Patients fast for 24 hours on day -1
    Interventions:
    • Other: Short-term fasting
    • Other: Fasting
  • Experimental: Group II (Stage I of study)
    Patients fast for 48 hours on days -2 and -1
    Interventions:
    • Other: Short-term fasting
    • Other: Fasting
  • Experimental: Group III (Stage I of study)
    Patients fast for 72 hours on days -3, -2, and -1
    Interventions:
    • Other: Short-term fasting
    • Other: Fasting
  • Experimental: Group IV (Stage I of study)
    Patients undergo a modified 48-hour fast with minimal caloric intake on day -2 and -1
    Interventions:
    • Other: Modified fast
    • Other: Fasting
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
70
September 2016
September 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years
  • Histologically confirmed malignancy for which platinum-based chemotherapy on a 21 day cycle or 14 day cycle is being recommended.
  • Disease state:

    • Stage I of the trial: newly diagnosed disease for which neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy is planned in the curative setting, or metastatic disease.
    • Stage II of the trial: Measurable disease by RECIST criteria must be present for all subjects in the randomized component of the trial- if surgery or radiation is planned, the target lesions may not be so treated until after the assessment of the effect of chemotherapy.
  • Prior chemotherapy

    • Stage I: subjects may have already received no more than 2 cycle of platinum-based chemotherapy, but should not have received other prior chemotherapy regimens with the exception of patients with metastatic disease who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and that chemotherapy was completed > 6 months prior to enrollment.
    • Stage II: subjects must have received no prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease, and no more than 2 cycles of their current platinum chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease. They may have received prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, provided such therapy was completed >6 months prior to enrollment.
  • Prior Radiotherapy is allowed, provided at least 2 weeks have elapsed from completion of radiotherapy to initiation of protocol treatment.
  • BMI > 18.5
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Adequate renal function (Creatinine <1.25 ULIN or calculated creatinine clearance > 50 ml/min)
  • Premenopausal women must have a negative pregnancy test and must agree to use barrier contraception throughout the study period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Recent significant or unexplained weight loss that the investigator feels may pose an unacceptable risk for enrollment. Candidates who are overweight and have lost weight intentionally via diet or exercise should not be excluded.
  • Peripheral Neuropathy > grade 1
  • History of significant cardiac disease, particularly uncompensated congestive heart failure NYHA grade 2 or more or LVEF < 40% on any prior assessment. (Assessment of LVEF prior to therapy is not required in the absence of other clinical indicators of heart disease). Patients with a prior LVEF <40% will require re-evaluation prior to study entry.
  • Subjects on medications that may not be safely stopped during the fasting portion of the study, or which may not be safely consumed without food.
  • A history of syncope with calorie restriction in the past or other medical comorbidity, which would make fasting potentially dangerous.
Both
19 Years and older
No
Contact: Kristy Massopust 323-865-0843 Kristy.Massopust@med.usc.edu
United States
 
NCT00936364
0S-08-9
Yes
University of Southern California
University of Southern California
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Tanya Dorff, MD University of Southern California
University of Southern California
August 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP