Trial of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (URTIs)
|First Received Date ICMJE||April 6, 2009|
|Last Updated Date||April 22, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||June 2007 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||The primary outcome measure is the proportion of patients who will have resolution on day 7. [ Time Frame: day 7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00887172 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||The secondary outcome measures are the duration from onset of the illness to the resolution of symptoms, change in daily symptom scores, SF-36 health-related quality of life scores and side effects. [ Time Frame: on day 0, 1, 4, 7, 10, 14, 20 and 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Trial of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (URTIs)|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Randomized Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) in the Treatment of Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections|
Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are the most common illnesses in primary medical services but there is no established cure for these conditions in Western medicine. In Hong Kong, many patients use Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for the treatment of URTIs but there is little research evidence on their effectiveness or side effects. The aim of this study is to test whether two commonly used Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) formulae guided by Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) diagnosis will significantly increase recovery rate, and reduce the duration and/or severity of symptoms, and improve the quality of life of patients with URTIs in primary care.
If a patient consents to take part in the study and is found eligible, he/she will be invited by the consulting doctor, and then be assessed by a registered Chinese medicine practitioner for whether the illness satisfies the TCM diagnosis of the two major TCM types of URTIs: Group A (Wind-cold syndrome) and Group B (Wind-heat syndrome). Subjects in Group A (Wind-cold syndrome) will be randomised to receive the Jing Fan Bai Du san or placebo. Subjects in Group B (Wind-heat syndrome) will be randomised to receive Ying Qiao san or placebo. Both group A and B treatments and placebo will be given in sachets of granules that are identical in appearance. Neither the Chinese medicine practitioner, the recruiting doctors, nor patient know whether a subject is taking CHM or placebo.
328 subjects (164 in each diagnosis group) will be recruited from patients consulting the Ap Lei Chau Government General Outpatient clinic for URTIs. Each subject is required to return to the clinic for follow-up assessment by the Chinese medicine practitioner on day 7 post-treatment and all subjects will be contacted by telephone on Day 2, 3, 5, 9, 11, 13,15 and 20 after treatment to assess their symptoms and to find out if they have developed any side effects or adverse reactions.
The main outcome measure is any difference in the proportion of subjects who have resolution of the URTI on Day 7 between the treatment and placebo groups. The secondary outcome measures are the reduction in the duration and severity of symptoms, quality of life during the illness and side effects.
This study will provide scientific evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of two commonly used CHM formulae in the treatment of URTIs.
Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are the most common diagnoses made in the primary medical services, which consisted of 34.6% of all diagnoses in Hong Kong. It accounts for approximately 100 million visits per year in the US. It was estimated that an adult has an average of 3 to 4 times while children has an average of 6 to 8 times each year. WHO has pointed out that URTIs have a great impact on personal and economical aspects although they are rarely lethal It was estimated that 60% of the working class has contracted URTIs each year, and a loss of 8.8 days of perfect health for each worker on average each year, and a loss of up to HK$ 31.3 billion of economic output each year.
There is no established curative treatment in Western medicine for URTIs except for selected cases of influenza. Studies have shown that the average duration of illness of an URTI is around 7 days, and most URTIs resolve by the 10th day. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is commonly used by people in Hong Kong on its own or along side with Western medicine for the treatment of URTIs. The Chinese Medicine Council of Hong Kong was established in September 1999, the use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is expected to increase and there is an urgent need for research evidence on their effectiveness and side effects. TCM follows a theoretical and methodological pathway, which leads to its diagnosis and treatment. Most URTIs can be differentiated into two types according to the theory of TCM: Wind-cold syndrome and Wind-heat syndrome. The theory leads to two classical herbal formulae that are very popular in Hong Kong: the Jing Fang Bai Du san for treating the Wind-cold syndrome whiles the Ying Qiao san for treating Wind-heat syndrome.
The Jing Fang Bai Du san can relieve external symptoms and effectively clear up the pathogenic cold. It contains 13 herbs including, Radix Angelicae Pubescentis, Radix Peucedani, Radix Ginseng, Smilacis Glabrae Rhizoma, Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Fructus Aurantii, Radix Platycodi, GlycyrrhizaeRadix, Herba Schizonepetae, Fructus Arctii, MenthaeFolium, Radix Saposhnikoviae, Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii. Previous clinical studies conducted in China showed mixed results on the effectiveness of Jing Fang Bai Du san on Wind-cold syndrome. One study showed that it was no better than no treatment while another study showed that concentrated granules of Jing Fang Bai Du san was more effective (80%) than Western medicine (10%) in improving and resolving symptoms of Wind-cold syndrome within 7 days.
The Ying Qiao san can relieve external symptoms and effectively clear up the pathogenic heat. It contains 10 herbs: Fructus Forsythiae, LoniceraeFlos, Radix Platycodi, MenthaeFolium, GlycyrrhizaeRadix, Herba Schizonepetae, Sojae Semen praeparatum, Fructus Arctii, PhragmitisRhizoma and LophatheriHerba. From pharmacological studies, it showed anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-bacterial and antiviral actions. A clinical trial also showed the concentrated granules of Ying Qiao san was more effective (66.13%) than Western medicine (40%) in resolving the symptoms of Wind-heat syndrome within 1 week. These two CHM formulae have been used for many years and have not been associated with any serious adverse reactions. The common side effects are mild diarrhoea and headache.
Although there are some data from Mainland China suggesting the effectiveness of these two formulae for URTIs but most of these previous studies were observational and the few clinical trials were not placebo-controlled and of poor quality. Furthermore, results of trials from Mainland China may not be generalisable to the people in Hong Kong. Most previous studies on CHM focused on individual herbs, which is against the TCM principles as pointed out by the WHO. The WHO recommends that future clinical studies should attempt to integrate TCM diagnosis pattern with traditional CHM treatments. In this proposed study, the integrated TCM approach of using traditional formulae of multiple herbs, guided by the TCM diagnosis, will be used in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 4|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections|
|Study Arm (s)||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||June 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||June 2007 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||China|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00887172|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||HKCTR-6|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Responsible Party||Cindy L. K. Lam, The University of Hong Kong|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||The University of Hong Kong|
|Collaborators ICMJE||The Research Fund for the Control of Infectious Diseases of the Food and Health Bureau, the Government of the Hong Kong SAR|
|Information Provided By||The University of Hong Kong|
|Verification Date||April 2009|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP