Buspirone in the Treatment of 2-6 Year Old Children With Autistic Disorder (B-ACE)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Diane C Chugani, Wayne State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00873509
First received: March 30, 2009
Last updated: October 4, 2013
Last verified: October 2013

March 30, 2009
October 4, 2013
May 2009
September 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To evaluate the effects of twice-daily oral buspirone on core features of autism in autistic children 2-6 years measuring the change from baseline in ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) Composite Total scores compared to placebo at 6 months. [ Time Frame: Baseline 1, Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00873509 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • To evaluate the effects of twice-daily oral buspirone on the ADOS Composite calibrated severity score, social behavior, repetitive behavior, language, sensory dysfunction and anxiety. [ Time Frame: Baseline 1, Week 24 and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine whether there are age group differences in the effects of buspirone on social interaction, repetitive behavior, language, sensory dysfunction and anxiety. [ Time Frame: Baseline 1, Week 1, Week 24, Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine whether there is a difference in the incidence of side effects and long term safety between the buspirone and placebo groups, and between the different dose groups. [ Time Frame: Duration of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To determine whether the whole brain PET measure of serotonin synthesis capacity is a predictor of buspirone effect. [ Time Frame: Baseline 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine whether blood serotonin concentration is a predictor of buspirone effect. [ Time Frame: Baseline 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Buspirone in the Treatment of 2-6 Year Old Children With Autistic Disorder
A Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-masked Clinical Trial of Buspirone in the Treatment of 2- 6 Year Old Children With Autistic Disorder

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of twice-daily oral buspirone on core features of autism in autistic children aged 2-6 years as measured by the change from baseline in the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Composite Total scores compared to placebo at 6 months.

This is a multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked study of 166 evaluable participants taking buspirone twice daily for 6 months. Children aged 2-6 years with autism will be randomized to receive one of three treatments: 2.5mg, 5.0mg, or matched placebo. The placebo controlled trial will be followed by an optional follow-up trial to assess the long term safety of buspirone. In addition, a PET scan of serotonin synthesis and plasma serotonin will be measured at baseline to determine whether these measures are predictors of drug response. This trial is aimed at the core features of autism. The outcome measures for efficacy will be examiner and parent ratings on psychological tests and questionnaires. The outcome measure for the primary objective will be the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale (ADOS) Composite Total score. The behavioral outcomes for the secondary aims are delineated in the study design.

Interventional
Phase 2
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Autistic Disorder
  • Drug: Buspirone
    Buspirone liquid, 2.5 mg in 1 ml, once per day in the evening for the first week of administration and thereafter twice a day 12 hours apart for the entire study
  • Drug: Buspirone
    Buspirone liquid, 5.0 mg in 1 ml , once per day in the evening for the first week of administration and thereafter twice a day 12 hours apart for the entire study
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo liquid, in 1 ml, once per day in the evening for the first week of administration and thereafter twice a day 12 hours apart for the entire study
  • Experimental: 1
    Buspirone 2.5 mg
    Intervention: Drug: Buspirone
  • Experimental: 2
    Buspirone 5.0 mg
    Intervention: Drug: Buspirone
  • Placebo Comparator: 3
    Placebo match
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
166
September 2014
September 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants: must meet the study definition for diagnosis of autistic disorder as determined by clinical diagnosis based upon DSM-IV criteria, the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) performed at baseline 1. ADI-R will be conducted by trained study staff at Baseline 1 Visit. If the participant has had an ADI-R in the past 12 months, this will be accepted provided the person administering and scoring the test is site personnel validated for the study.
  • Age 2 to less than 6 years, male and female.
  • Parent/Legal Guardian/Caregiver must be able to understand , read and speak English
  • Written Informed Consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence or history of neurological disorders, including seizure disorders (abnormal EEG without seizures will not be excluded), PKU, tuberous sclerosis, Rett syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Down Syndrome and traumatic brain injury.
  • Other medical or behavioral problems requiring medications which are centrally active.
  • Clinical or laboratory evidence of renal or hepatic disease (SGPT, GGT > 2 x normal value, and serum creatinine > 1.5 x normal value).

Treatment with any medication known to alter the activity of the CYP3A4 enzyme including ketoconazole, itraconazole, grapefruit juice, erythromycin, clarithromycin, cimetidine, verapamil, diltiazem, rifampin, phenytoin, phenobarbital, or carbamazepine within the previous 2 months and for the duration of the study is prohibited.

  • Use of centrally acting drugs during the 6 weeks prior or during the study. These drugs include but are not limited to neuroleptics, benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants and antidepressants. Shorter times may be considered depending on the half life of the drug.
  • Prior treatment for periods longer than two weeks with buspirone or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. This includes herbal substances such as St John's Wort which have similar pharmacological actions.
  • Known allergies to study medication.
  • Unable to provide the required blood samples.
Both
2 Years to 6 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00873509
10888, 5-U01-NS061264
Yes
Diane C Chugani, Wayne State University
Chugani, Diane C.
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Diane C Chugani, PhD Wayne State University
Chugani, Diane C.
October 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP