The Natural History of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Using fMRI, MRS and DTI
Recruitment status was Not yet recruiting
|First Received Date ICMJE||November 12, 2008|
|Last Updated Date||June 2, 2010|
|Start Date ICMJE||January 2012|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Measure the volume of activation, signal intensity and levels of NAA and glutamate using fMRI, MRS and DTI. [ Time Frame: acutely (up to 48 hours after injury), subacutely (15 days after injury), and late (6 months after injury) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00790361 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Clinical changes will be measured using validated disease specific scoring instruments including the Japanese Orthopedic Association scale (JOA), ASIA/ISCOS Impairment Scale, and the Neck Disability Index (NDI). [ Time Frame: Acutely (up to 48 hours after injury), subacutely (15 days after injury), and late (6 months after injury) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||The Natural History of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Using fMRI, MRS and DTI|
|Official Title ICMJE||Mapping the Natural History of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in the Sensorimotor Cortex Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Diffusion Tensor Imaging|
Traumatic spinal cord injury is a common injury to the spine and can lead to a clinical syndrome called central cord syndrome (CCS). CCS is an incomplete spinal cord injury where one starts to lose more motor function in the upper rather than lower extremities. It affects a wide range of the population from the young to the old. However, the natural history of CCS is poorly understood.
Research has shown that the injury resulting in CCS might be due to the pinching or compressing of the spinal cord. This creates damage to a part of the spinal cord and creates difficulties in the signal getting through. We believe that we can gain a better understanding of the natural history of incomplete spinal cord injury as well as the recovery process.
It is possible to track many changes in the brain and motor function through a variety of methods. One can track the concentrations of different chemicals (metabolites) by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), changes in brain activation by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and thread-like nerve fibers in the spine by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). In our study we will be detecting differences in brain metabolism and activation of different parts of the brain during specific movement and in the nerve fibers in the brain.
We hypothesize that there will be decreased levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA, a putative marker of neuronal function) and decreased levels of glutamate (the primary excitatory neurotransmitter) in the motor cortex in patients with CCS when compared with controls. Over time, we hypothesize that the normalization of metabolite levels will correlate with the extent of neurologic recovery. We also hypothesize a reorganization of brain activation patterns with time such that patients will show increased volumes of activation in the motor cortex with recovery and that this will correlate with the extent of neurologic outcome. Over time, we predict that there will be normalization of the fibre track anatomy that will correlate with neurological recovery.
The long-term goal of this project is to develop predictors of neurological recovery based on brain metabolism, brain activation patterns, and fibre tracks in patients with traumatic CCS. The objective of this preliminary study is to evaluate metabolic changes, brain activation pattern reorganization and altered spinal cord fibre tracks in patients suffering from traumatic CCS to gain a better understanding of the natural history of this condition. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) will be used to investigate the changes in brain metabolite concentrations, cerebral cortical activation, and fibre tract anatomy, respectively, in patients and controls.
Ten patients having traumatic CCS will be recruited from the Clinical Neurological Sciences Department at the London Health Sciences Centre, University Campus. All participants will undergo an fMRI, MRS and DTI scan of the motor cortex to measure the volume of activation, signal intensity and levels of NAA and glutamate. The CCS participants will have three scans, one acutely (up to 48 hours after injury), one subacutely (15 days after injury), and one late (6 months after injury). Healthy volunteers will have two scans six months apart to determine reproducibility.
Clinical changes will be measured using validated disease specific scoring instruments including the Japanese Orthopedic Association scale (JOA), ASIA/ISCOS Impairment Scale, and the Neck Disability Index (NDI). General quality of life will be measured using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). A blinded investigator will administer these instruments prior to the scan at all time points.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Probability Sample|
Ten patients and ten controls will be recruited from the Clinical Neurological Sciences outpatient clinic at the London Health Sciences Centre, University Campus
|Condition ICMJE||Central Cord Syndrome|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Not yet recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||20|
|Estimated Completion Date||January 2013|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||30 Years to 85 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Canada|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00790361|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||13652|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|Responsible Party||Neil Duggal, MSc, MD, FRCS(C), London Health Sciences Centre|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Lawson Health Research Institute|
|Collaborators ICMJE||The Physicians' Services Incorporated Foundation|
|Information Provided By||Lawson Health Research Institute|
|Verification Date||June 2010|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP