Safety and Effectiveness of Low Molecular Weight Sulfated Dextran in Islet Transplantation

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00789308
First received: November 10, 2008
Last updated: August 29, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

November 10, 2008
August 29, 2013
July 2008
July 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Level of stimulated c-peptide at 90-minute derived from the mixed-meal tolerance test (MMTT) [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00789308 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Number of participants who achieve and maintain a 7.0% HbA1c level [ Time Frame: Throughout Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of severe hypoglycemic events [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Percent reduction in insulin requirements [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Ryan hypoglycemia severity score ( HYPO) score [ Time Frame: : At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of participants with full graft function [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion and after the final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • C-peptide to glucose creatinine ratio [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of participants receiving a second islet infusion and proportion of participants receiving a third islet transfusion [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion and after the final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence and severity of adverse events related to islet infusion procedure [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days and 350 to 379 days after the first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Incidence of worsening retinopathy [ Time Frame: At 350 to 379 days after the first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • HbA1c level [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE) [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Glycemic lability index (LI) [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Clarke hypoglycemia awareness score [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Basal (fasting) and 90-minute glucose and c-peptide derived from MMTT [ Time Frame: : At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Beta-score [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Acute insulin response to glucose, insulin sensitivity, and disposition index derived from the insulin-modified frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance (FSIGT) test, [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Glucose variability and hypoglycemic duration derived from continuous glucose monitoring system(CGMS) [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion, At 365 days after first and final islet infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of a change in the immunosuppression drug regimen [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days and 350 to 379 days after the first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Incidence of immune sensitization defined by detecting anti-HLA antibodies not present prior to transplantation [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days and 350 to 379 days after the first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of participants who achieve and maintain a 7.0% HbA1c level [ Time Frame: Throughout Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of severe hypoglycemic events [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Percent reduction in insulin requirements, HbA1c level, mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE), glycemic lability index (LI), Clarke hypoglycemia awareness score [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percent reduction in HYPO score, basal glucose and c-peptide and 90-minute glucose derived from MMTT, beta-score [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • C-peptide to glucose creatinine ratio, acute insulin response to glucose, insulin sensitivity, and FSIGT test, glucose variability and hypoglycemic duration derived from CGMS, proportion of participants with full islet graft function [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days after first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of participants with full graft function, proportion of participants with an HbA1c < 7.0% and free of hypoglycemic events from day 28 through 365, percent reduction in insulin requirements [ Time Frame: At 350 to 379 days after the first and last islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HbA1c level, mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE), glycemic lability index (LI), Clarke hypoglycemia awareness score, HYPO score, basal glucose and c-peptide and 90-minute glucose derived from MMTT, beta-score [ Time Frame: At 350 to 379 days after the first and last islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • C-peptide to glucose creatinine ratio, acute insulin response to glucose, insulin sensitivity, FSIGT test, glucose variability, and hypoglycemic duration derived from CGMS [ Time Frame: At 350 to 379 days after the first and last islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of participants receiving a second islet infusion and proportion of participants receiving a third islet transfusion [ Time Frame: At 350 to 379 days after the first and last islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence and severity of adverse events related to islet infusion procedure, immunosuppression, immune sensitization, number of immunosuppression drug regimen changes [ Time Frame: At 70 to 80 days and 350 to 379 days after the first islet transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of worsening retinopathy [ Time Frame: At 350 to 379 days after the first islet tranfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety and Effectiveness of Low Molecular Weight Sulfated Dextran in Islet Transplantation
Open Randomized Mult-Center Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Low Molecular Weight Sulfated Dextran in Islet Transplantation

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells are destroyed, resulting in poor blood sugar control. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of low molecular weight sulfated dextran (LMW-SD) on post-transplant islet function in people with type 1 diabetes who have responded to intensive insulin therapy.

Type I diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic disease in which the pancreas produces insufficient insulin to properly regulate blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, can lead to significant complications in people with type 1 diabetes. Intensive insulin therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of chronic complications in people who achieve near normalization of glycemia. However, this therapy is labor intensive, difficult to implement, and associated with an increased frequency of severe hypoglycemia. Transplantation of islets from a healthy pancreas has been successful in restoring normal blood sugar levels and has led to initial insulin independence in people with type 1 diabetes. Rejection of these islets by the recipient's immune system, however, can make the treatment ineffective. An immune response known as instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR) results in the disruption of islet integrity and islet loss within an hour of transfusion. LMW-SD inhibits IBMIR by preventing the cascade that triggers it, when combined with pancreatic islets. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of LMW-SD given with islet transfusion and post-transfusion along with immunosuppressive therapy, including mycophenolate mofetil or sirolimus, tacrolimus or cyclosporine, and thymoglobulin or basiliximab, on the success of islet transplantation in people with type 1 diabetes.

This study will last for 1 year after the final islet transplant. Participants may receive up to 3 islet transplants while participating in this study. Participants eligible for this study will have clinic visits every 6 months. Once a preparation of islets becomes available, participants will be randomly assigned to Arm 1 or Arm 2. Participants in Arm 1 will receive LMW-DS during and for 5 hours after infusion. Participants in Arm 2 will receive heparin at the time of infusion. In addition, all participants will receive anticoagulation prophylaxis agents consisting of Klexzane® (Enoxaparinsodium) and Trombyl® or Albyl-E® (Acetylsalicylic acid). All participants will also receive the oral immunosuppression medications consisting of mycophenolate mofetil or sirolimus and tacrolimus or cyclosporine throughout the study. In addition, they will receive intravenous thymoglobulin on days -2, -1, day 0 (transplant), +1, and +2 for the first transplant or intravenous basiliximab at the time of transplant and on Day 4 for the second and third transplant. Enbrel® (Etanercept) will be given to all participants for anti-inflammatory therapy. Islet infusions will occur at the hospital and will be given intravenously. Participants will be eligible to receive second and third islet infusions if previous infusions fail and they continue to meet the eligibility criteria. After each infusion, study visits will occur on Days 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 75 and Months 6 and 12. At these visits, physical exams and blood collection will occur. At some visits, urine collection will also occur.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Diabetes Mellitus, Type I
  • Drug: Low Molecular Weight Sulfated Dextran (LMW-SD)
    Inhibitor of IBMIR
  • Drug: Heparin
    Anticoagulation
  • Drug: CellCept® (Mycophenolate mofetil) OR Rapamune® (Sirolimus)
    Cell proliferation inhibitor
  • Drug: Prograf® (Tacrolimus) OR Cyclosporine
    Calcineurin inhibitor
  • Drug: Thymoglobulin® (Anti-thymocyte Globulin) - at first transplant
  • Drug: Simulect® (Basiliximab) - at 2nd or 3rd transplant
    Monoclonal IL-2 receptor blocker
  • Drug: Klexane® (Enoxaparinsodium)
    Anticoagulation Prophylaxis
  • Drug: Trombyl® or Albyl-E® (Acetylsalicylicacid- ASA)
    Anticoagulation Prophylaxis
  • Drug: Enbrel® (Etanercept)
    Anti-Inflammatory Therapy
  • Active Comparator: Standard of Care
    18 participants randomized to protocol immunosuppression (Daclizumab OR Basiliximab; Tacrolimus OR Cyclosporine; Mycophenolate Mofetil OR Sirolimus; and heparin) without LMW-DS
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Heparin
    • Drug: CellCept® (Mycophenolate mofetil) OR Rapamune® (Sirolimus)
    • Drug: Prograf® (Tacrolimus) OR Cyclosporine
    • Drug: Thymoglobulin® (Anti-thymocyte Globulin) - at first transplant
    • Drug: Simulect® (Basiliximab) - at 2nd or 3rd transplant
    • Drug: Klexane® (Enoxaparinsodium)
    • Drug: Trombyl® or Albyl-E® (Acetylsalicylicacid- ASA)
    • Drug: Enbrel® (Etanercept)
  • Experimental: LMW-DS
    18 participants randomized to protocol immunosuppression (Daclizumab OR Basiliximab; Tacrolimus OR Cyclosporine; Mycophenolate Mofetil OR Sirolimus; and heparin) and LMW-DS
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Low Molecular Weight Sulfated Dextran (LMW-SD)
    • Drug: CellCept® (Mycophenolate mofetil) OR Rapamune® (Sirolimus)
    • Drug: Prograf® (Tacrolimus) OR Cyclosporine
    • Drug: Thymoglobulin® (Anti-thymocyte Globulin) - at first transplant
    • Drug: Simulect® (Basiliximab) - at 2nd or 3rd transplant
    • Drug: Klexane® (Enoxaparinsodium)
    • Drug: Trombyl® or Albyl-E® (Acetylsalicylicacid- ASA)
    • Drug: Enbrel® (Etanercept)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
36
August 2014
July 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Mentally stable and able to comply with study procedures
  • Clinical history compatible with type 1 diabetes, with onset of disease at less than 40 years of age; insulin dependence for at least 5 years at study entry; AND sum of age and insulin-dependent diabetes duration of at least 28
  • Absent stimulated C-peptide (less than 0.3 ng/ml) 60 and 90 minutes post-mixed-meal tolerance test
  • Involvement of intensive diabetes management, defined as:

    1. Self-monitoring of glucose values no less than a mean of three times each day, averaged over each week
    2. Administration of three or more insulin injections each day or insulin pump therapy
    3. Under the direction of an endocrinologist, diabetologist, or diabetes specialist, with at least three clinical evaluations during the past 12 months
  • At least one episode of severe hypoglycemia in the past 12 months, defined as an event with symptoms compatible with hypoglycemia in which the individual required assistance of another person and which was associated with either a blood glucose level less than 54 mg/dl or prompt recovery after an oral carbohydrate, intravenous glucose, or glucagon administration
  • Reduced awareness of hypoglycemia OR marked glycemic lability OR a composite of a Clarke score of 3 or more or a HYPO score greater or equal to the 75th percentile in the 12 months prior to randomization. More information about this criterion, including the specific definition of hypoglycemia unawareness, is available in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known IgE mediated allergy to antibiotics used in the culture medium
  • Known hypersensitivity to dextran
  • Body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 kg/m2
  • Insulin requirement of more than 1.0 IU/kg/day
  • HbA1c greater than 10%
  • Untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Systolic blood pressure higher than 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure higher than 100 mmHg
  • Measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using 51Cr-EDTA, 99technetium-DPTA, or iohexol of less than 80 ml/min/1.73m2. More information about this criterion is in the protocol.
  • Presence or history of macroalbuminuria (greater than 300 mg/g creatinine)
  • Presence or history of panel-reactive anti-HLA antibody levels greater than 20% by flow cytometry. More information about this criterion is in the protocol.
  • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or unwilling to use effective contraception throughout the study and for 4 months after study completion
  • Active infection, including hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, HIV, or tuberculosis. More information about this criterion is in the protocol.
  • Negative for Epstein-Barr virus by IgG determination
  • History of malignancy except for completely resected squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Known active alcohol or substance abuse
  • Baseline Hgb below the lower limits of normal, lymphopenia, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia
  • Activated protein C resistance (APC-R)
  • Any coagulopathy or individuals with an INR greater than 1.5
  • Severe coexisting cardiac disease, characterized by any one of the following conditions:

    1. Heart attack within the last 6 months
    2. Evidence of ischemia on functional heart exam within the year prior to study entry
    3. Left ventricular ejection fraction less than 30%
  • Persistent elevation of liver function tests at the time of study entry
  • Acute or chronic pancreatitis
  • Active peptic ulcer disease, symptomatic gallstones, or a history of portal hypertension
  • Severe unremitting diarrhea, vomiting, or other gastrointestinal disorders that could interfere with the ability to absorb oral medications
  • Currently receiving treatment for a medical condition that requires chronic use of systemic steroids
  • Treatment with any antidiabetic medication other than insulin within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Use of any investigational medications within the past 4 weeks
  • Received a live attenuated vaccine within the past 2 months
  • Treatment with any immunosuppressive regimen at time of study entry
  • Previous islet transplant
  • Previous pancreas transplant. Participants who had a pancreas transplant more than 6 months prior to study entry that failed within the first week due to thrombosis, followed by surgical removal of the transplanted pancreas, are not excluded.
  • Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with safe participation
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Norway,   Sweden
 
NCT00789308
DAIT CIT-01A, Clinical Islet Transplantation
Yes
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Olle Korsgren, MD Department of Oncology, Radiology, and Clinical Immunology, Rudbeck Laboratory, Uppsala University Hospital
Study Chair: Torbjorn Lundgren, MD The Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Transplantation Surgery, Stockholm, Sweden
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
August 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP