Amantadine for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury Irritability and Aggression: A Multi-site Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Indiana University
University of Washington
The Institute for Rehabilitaion and Research Foundation
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Ohio State University
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Flora Hammond, Carolinas Healthcare System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00779324
First received: October 23, 2008
Last updated: February 12, 2014
Last verified: February 2014

October 23, 2008
February 12, 2014
August 2009
April 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Neuropsychiatric Inventory Irritability Domain [ Time Frame: 28 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00779324 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory Aggression Domain [ Time Frame: 28 days and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • State Anger Aggression Expression Inventory -- II [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory Irritability Domain [ Time Frame: 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory Caregiver Distress Score for Irritability and Aggression Domains [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Clinical Global Impressions [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Short Form-12 [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Satisfaction With Life Scale [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Beck Depression Inventory II [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neuropsychologic tests [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Digit Span, Trail Making Test, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, California Verbal Learning Test, Processing Speed Index
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory Aggression Domain [ Time Frame: 28 days and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • State Anger Aggression Expression Inventory -- II [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory Irritability Domain [ Time Frame: 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory Caregiver Distress Score for Irritability and Aggression Domains [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Clinical Global Impressions [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Short Form-12 [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Glasgow Coma Scale - Extended [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Satisfaction With Life Scale [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Beck Depression Inventory II [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Fatigue Impact Scale [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Family Assessment Device General Functioning Scale [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neuropsychologic tests [ Time Frame: 28 and 60 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Amantadine for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury Irritability and Aggression: A Multi-site Study
A Multi-Center, Parallel-Group, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Amantadine Hydrochloride in the Treatment of Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury Irritability and Aggression: A Replication Study

The purpose of this study is to study the effect of amantadine on irritability and aggression caused by traumatic brain injury.

PURPOSE OF PROJECT: To study the effect of amantadine 100 mg administered twice daily compared to placebo on irritability from baseline to treatment Day 28.

SUMMARY OF PROJECT: It is anticipated that 168 subjects with 168 corresponding subject informants will be recruited for the study. Carolinas Rehabilitation, the lead center, and 5 collaborating centers will enroll approximately 28 subjects each.

Subjects will be recruited primarily from the clinics. Also, letters will be sent to patients in our data base. If the first encounter with research personnel is by telephone, the research assistant will obtain verbal (telephone) consent from the subject's informant for the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) for subject irritability. The score on this questionnaire must be ≥ 6 for qualification. This allows pre-screening to take place and avoid an unnecessary clinic visit.

Subjects who consent and qualify will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio, amantadine to placebo. Stratification to randomization group will occur based on the presence of depression defined by a Beck's Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) score ≥ 13. Randomized subjects will receive amantadine or placebo 100 mg twice daily every morning and 12 Noon. There will be 4 clinic visits. Visits will occur at baseline, for consenting and screening, day 28, day 60 and day 90. At all 4 clinic visits, both the subject and the informant will be given questionnaires regarding the subject's behavior and mood. Follow up phone calls will occur each week that the subject is not seen in the clinic until the end of the study. Follow up phone calls will assess for study medication compliance, adverse events and concomitant medication changes. Day 60 ends the period of the Randomized Clinical Trial phase of the study and the subjects will begin the 1 month continuation phase of the study when all participants receive active amantadine.

The following questionnaires will be used as measures of irritability for the subject and the informant: Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-2), and Global Impression of Change.

The following questionnaires will be dispensed to the subject only: Short Form -12, Satisfaction With Life Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, Brief Symptom Inventory, Family Assessment Device, Fatigue Impact Scale, and tests of cognitive function. The Glasgow Outcome Score-Extended will be completed by the research assistant using information obtained primarily from the informant.

The Investigator will complete the Clinical Global Impression of change at Visits 1, 2, 3, and 4.

History and Physical Exam, creatinine level (kidney function) will be obtained for safety and tolerability. Serum pregnancy tests will be drawn at screening for females of childbearing potential.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Brain Injury
  • Aggression
  • Drug: Amantadine Hydrochloride
    100 mg every morning and noon
    Other Name: Symmetrel
  • Drug: Placebo
    one placebo tablet every morning and 12 Noon
  • Experimental: Amantadine
    Amantadine 100 mg every morning and Noon
    Intervention: Drug: Amantadine Hydrochloride
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Placebo tablets
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
168
May 2013
April 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Closed head injury (defined as impaired brain function resulting from externally inflicted trauma without penetrating injury) at least 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Irritability that is either new or worse than the level of irritability before the traumatic brain injury, by report of the Observer or person with TBI
  • Age at time of enrollment: 16 to 75 years
  • Voluntary informed consent and authorization of participant and informant
  • Subject and informant willing to comply with the protocol
  • Informant-rated NPI Irritability Domain score 6 or greater (moderate-to-severe irritability)
  • Medically and neurologically stable during the month prior to enrollment
  • If taking antidepressant, anxiolytic, hypnotic, or stimulant medications, no change anticipated in these medications during the month prior to enrollment or during the 90-day participation
  • No change in therapies or medications planned during the 90-day participation
  • No surgeries planned during the 90-day participation
  • Vision, hearing, speech, motor function, and comprehension sufficient to complete interviews
  • Observer (e.g.: family member, close friend, employer) with whom subject interacts sufficiently to observe occurrences of irritability. The observer interacts with the participant for a period long enough and of a nature to be able to judge the participant's irritability. The interactions would need to be adequate to judge observer distress over the irritability, severity of irritability and frequency of irritability on the following scale: < once weekly; once per week; several times per week, but not every day; essentially continuous.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous participation in the Carolinas TBI Model System amantadine irritability study
  • Ingestion of amantadine hydrochloride during the month prior to enrollment
  • Potential subject without a reliable informant
  • Penetrating head injury as defined by head injury due to gunshot, projectile or foreign object
  • Injury < 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Inability to interact sufficiently for communication with caregiver
  • Clinical signs of active infection
  • Diagnosis of seizure in the month prior to enrollment
  • Creatinine clearance <60 mL/min
  • Pregnancy (Beta-HCG + females of child-bearing potential) and lactating females
  • Concurrent use of first generation neuroleptic agents or phenelzine
  • History of schizophrenia or psychosis
  • Active concern of schizophrenia or psychosis
  • Diagnosis of progressive or additional neurologic disease that affects brain function, except stroke that occurs at th same time as the TBI
  • Previous allergy or adverse reaction to amantadine hydrochloride
Both
16 Years to 75 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00779324
09-08-11B, NIDRR H133A080035
Yes
Flora Hammond, Carolinas Healthcare System
Carolinas Healthcare System
  • Indiana University
  • University of Washington
  • The Institute for Rehabilitaion and Research Foundation
  • Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
  • Ohio State University
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Flora M Hammond, MD Carolinas Rehabilitation
Carolinas Healthcare System
February 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP