Safety and Efficacy Study of BrainPort® Balance Device in Peripheral Vestibular Dysfunction.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wicab
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00768378
First received: October 6, 2008
Last updated: June 27, 2012
Last verified: June 2012

October 6, 2008
June 27, 2012
July 2008
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To assess the efficacy of the BrainPort balance device in improving balance and gait as measured by the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI) in subjects with documented peripheral vestibular dysfunction [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks (end of study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
To assess the efficacy of the BrainPort balance device in improving balance and gait as measured by the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI) in subjects with documented vestibular dysfunction [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks (end of study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00768378 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • To assess the safety of electrical stimulation of the tongue during the use of the BrainPort balance device in subjects with documented peripheral vestibular dysfunction. [ Time Frame: Baseline and ongoing for the duration of the study (8 weeks). ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To assess improvement in the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC). [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks (end of study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To assess improvement in the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks (end of study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To assess the safety of electrical stimulation of the tongue during the use of the BrainPort balance device in subjects with documented vestibular dysfunction. [ Time Frame: Baseline and ongoing for the duration of the study (8 weeks). ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To assess improvement in the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC). [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks (end of study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To assess improvement in the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks (end of study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety and Efficacy Study of BrainPort® Balance Device in Peripheral Vestibular Dysfunction.
A Controlled Clinical Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of the BrainPort® Balance Device When Used to Improve Balance in Subjects With Peripheral Vestibular Dysfunction

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of the BrainPort balance device in improving balance and gait as measured by clinically accepted standardized balance assessments in subjects with peripheral vestibular dysfunction.

Peripheral vestibular dysfunction can be caused by inner ear disorders, drug toxicity, neuritis, or a number of other causes. In the absence of a fully functional vestibular system, the brain often requires retraining to correctly utilize visual and proprioceptive cues to maintain postural stability. People with vestibular dysfunction experience multiple problems with posture control and movement, including an unsteady gait and various balance-related difficulties. These effects make it very difficult to walk in the dark or on uneven surfaces without risk of falling. They are typically referred for conventional vestibular therapy. Many patients improve with therapeutic intervention. Some patients reach a plateau and do not return to their previous level of function. The BrainPort balance device transmits head position information via electrotactile stimulation of the tongue. With training, patients learn to use the positional information to correct their balance.

Participants meeting the study criteria will be randomized to the perceived stimulation or subliminal stimulation group. All participants will be given baseline assessments of postural stability, balance, and subjective well being according to standardized tests. After completing the baseline assessments, each participant will be trained in the clinic using a standard training protocol with the BrainPort balance device. Each participant will participate in 6 clinical training sessions, over a period of 3 consecutive days. Upon completion of the clinic training sessions, participants will continue with a 7½ week period of home use. During this period, the participant will train with the device for 20 minutes 2 times per day and the clinicians will contact the participants weekly. At the end of the home training period (8 weeks from the beginning of the study), all participants will again undergo the tests given at baseline.

Following the data analysis, subjects that have completed the 8 week study and were originally assigned to the group with inferior results will be given the opportunity to use the device that showed superior results in the data analysis.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Vestibular Diseases
  • Gait Disorders
Device: Training with the BrainPort balance device
Subjects are randomly assigned to one of two groups, the perceived stimulation group or the subliminal stimulation group. Some of these devices provide a stimulus that you can feel. Others provide a stimulus that is below conscious awareness. We are conducting this study to determine if one type of stimulation is more effective than the other.
Other Name: BrainPort Balance Device
  • Experimental: Perceived stimulation
    When subjects assigned to the perceived stimulation group increase the intensity of the stimulus, they will feel a tingling sensation on the tongue. The tingling will move on the tongue in relation to where the head/body moves.
    Intervention: Device: Training with the BrainPort balance device
  • Experimental: Subliminal stimulation
    When subjects assigned to the subliminal stimulation group increase the intensity of the stimulus, the device provides a stimulus that is below their conscious awareness, so they will not be able to perceive it. The stimulus will move on the tongue in relation to where the head/body moves.
    Intervention: Device: Training with the BrainPort balance device

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
147
March 2010
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Confirmed diagnosis of peripheral vestibular dysfunction by the following (within 12 months of study enrollment):

    1. Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction (BVH)—Sinusoidal rotary chair results at least 2 SD below normal across the frequency range of 0.01 to 0.32 Hz, and at least 60 deg/s peak velocity.
    2. Unilateral Vestibular Hypofunction (UVH)—Bithermal caloric test results of > 25% unilateral weakness.
  2. Minimum post 3 months diagnosis with residual balance problems.
  3. Previously treated with conventional physical therapy, and discharged and/or reached a plateau.
  4. Functional Ability:

    1. Able to ambulate independently or with an assistive device for 20 feet.
    2. Ability to stand independently for 2 minutes with no or minimal upper extremity support.
    3. Dynamic Gait Index ≤ 19/24.
  5. Able to read and sign the informed consent form.
  6. Fluent in English.
  7. Willing and able to complete all testing, training, and follow-up evaluations required by the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Current oral health problems as determined by health questionnaire and an examination of the oral cavity.
  2. Any medical condition that would interfere with performance on the assessments.
  3. Known neuropathies of the tongue.
  4. Prior exposure to BrainPort balance device.
  5. History of seizures or epilepsy.
  6. If female, pregnant. Subject must deny pregnancy and agree to use appropriate birth control to prevent pregnancy for the duration of the study.
  7. People with implanted electrical medical devices (i.e. pacemaker, deep brain stimulator).
  8. People currently taking any vestibular suppressant medication (i.e. barbiturates, benzodiazepines, betahistines or cortisone).
  9. People with a previous diagnosis of a central nervous system lesion (e.g. stroke or brain injury).
  10. Current diagnosis of any of the following:

    1. Bilateral areflexia (no response to ice water caloric testing bilaterally)
    2. Progressive neurological disease (such as Multiple Sclerosis)
    3. Cervicogenic dizziness
    4. Pre-syncope/syncope episodes
    5. Orthostatic hypotension
    6. Mood Disorders (such as Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder)
    7. Anxiety disorders
    8. Hydrops / Ménière's
  11. Principal Investigator, in his or her medical judgment, does not believe the subject is a good candidate for the trial.
Both
18 Years to 79 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00768378
WCB1-005, NIH: 2R44 DC004738
No
Wicab
Wicab
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: James O. Phillips, PhD University of Washington
Wicab
June 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP