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Combination Chemotherapy After Surgery in Treating Patients With High-Risk Stage II or Stage III Colorectal Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified April 2012 by Cancer Research UK, Glasgow.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Laura Alexander, Cancer Research UK, Glasgow
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00749450
First received: September 6, 2008
Last updated: April 23, 2012
Last verified: April 2012

September 6, 2008
April 23, 2012
March 2008
March 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
3-year disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
3-year disease-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00749450 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: assessed during 5 year recruitment period and maximum 7 year follow up period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cost-effectiveness [ Time Frame: assessed during 5 year recruitment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity according to NCI CTCAE Version 3.0 [ Time Frame: assessed during 5 year recruitment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Quality of life as assessed by EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-CR29, EQ-5D, and GOG Ntx4 [ Time Frame: assessed during 5 year recruitment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cost-effectiveness [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity according to NCI-CTCAE Version 3.0 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Quality of life as assessed by EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-CR29, EQ-5D, and GOG Ntx4 [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Combination Chemotherapy After Surgery in Treating Patients With High-Risk Stage II or Stage III Colorectal Cancer
Short Course Oncology Therapy - A Study of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Colorectal Cancer

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective in treating patients who have undergone surgery for high-risk colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying chemotherapy given after surgery in treating patients with high-risk stage II or stage III colorectal cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

  • To assess the efficacy and compare the associated toxicity of adjuvant chemotherapy lasting 12 weeks vs 24 weeks in patients with fully resected high-risk stage II or III colorectal cancer.
  • To conduct an economic analysis of the cost effectiveness of these regimens.
  • To compare the randomization methodologies used in this study.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center's recruitment potential. Patients are randomized (within 10 weeks after surgery and before or after receiving 12 weeks of chemotherapy) to 1 of 2 treatment arms. The treatment regimen that a patient receives (Oxaliplatin Modified DeGramont [OxMdG] or XELOX) is determined by the participating center.

  • Arm I: Patients receive 12 courses of OxMdG (described below) or XELOX (described below)combination chemotherapy (6 additional courses if patient already received 6 courses) for treatment lasting a total of 24 weeks.
  • Arm II: Patients receive 6 courses of OxMdG or XELOX combination chemotherapy (no additional courses if patient already received 6 courses) for treatment lasting a total of 12 weeks.

The two adjuvant combination chemotherapy regimens are administered as follows:

  • OxMdG: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • XELOX: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients complete quality-of-life assessments periodically using the EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-CR29, EQ-5D, and GOG Ntx4 questionnaires.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 7 years.

Peer Reviewed and Funded by Medical Research Council (MRC)

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Colorectal Cancer
  • Drug: capecitabine
    Given orally
  • Drug: fluorouracil
    Given IV
  • Drug: oxaliplatin
    Given IV
  • Experimental: Arm I
    Patients receive OxMdG or XELOX combination chemotherapy for a total of 12 courses for treatment lasting a total of 24 weeks.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: capecitabine
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Drug: oxaliplatin
  • Experimental: Arm II
    Patients receive OxMdG or XELOX combination chemotherapy for a total of 6 courses for treatment lasting a total of 12 weeks.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: capecitabine
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Drug: oxaliplatin
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
9500
Not Provided
March 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of colorectal cancer meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • High-risk stage IIB disease, defined as T4 disease, perforation, obstruction, < 10 nodes examined, poorly differentiated histology, extramural venous invasion, or extramural lymphatic invasion
    • Fully resected stage III disease
  • Patients with rectal cancer must meet the following criteria:

    • Underwent prior total mesorectal excision surgery with negative resection (R0) margins
    • No prior pre-operative or scheduled post-operative combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • No evidence of residual or metastatic disease
  • Deemed suitable for adjuvant chemotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • WHO performance status 0-1
  • Life expectancy > 5 years with reference to noncancer-related diseases
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels normal
  • Glomerular filtration rate ≥ 30 mL/min (no moderate or severe renal impairment)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must effective contraception
  • More than 12 months since prior and no active clinically significant cardiovascular disease, including any of the following:

    • Cerebrovascular accident
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Unstable angina
    • New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure
    • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
    • Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., blood pressure > 150/100 mm Hg)
  • Disease-free interval of ≥ 5 years for previous malignancy other than adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the uterine cervix or basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • No known or suspected dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No more than 10 weeks since prior surgery and recovered
  • No prior chemotherapy (except in patients randomized after 12 weeks of adjuvant therapy)
  • No prior abdomino-pelvic radiotherapy, with the exception of short-course pre-operative radiotherapy for rectal cancer
  • No concurrent brivudine or sorivudine for patients taking capecitabine
Both
18 Years and older
No
United Kingdom
 
NCT00749450
CDR0000613042, CRUK-SCOT, ISRCTN59757862, EudraCT 2007-003957-10, EU-20874, SCOT-2007-01
Yes
Laura Alexander, Cancer Research UK, Glasgow
Cancer Research UK, Glasgow
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Tim Iveson, FRCP, MD, MRCP, MBBS, BSC University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust.
Cancer Research UK, Glasgow
April 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP