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Impact of HIV Infection on Latent Tuberculosis (TB) Among Patients With HIV-TB Co-infection

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2008 by Ministry of Science and Technology, India.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Indian Council of Medical Research
Information provided by:
Ministry of Science and Technology, India
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00692809
First received: June 5, 2008
Last updated: September 14, 2009
Last verified: June 2008

June 5, 2008
September 14, 2009
July 2008
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Precise component(s) of T cell response against M.tuberculosis compromised by HIV infection which leads to the development of severe forms of clinical tuberculosis. [ Time Frame: 5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00692809 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Elucidation of critical events of the cellular and molecular interactions that would be useful for developing newer therapeutic strategies and vaccination. [ Time Frame: 5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Impact of HIV Infection on Latent Tuberculosis (TB) Among Patients With HIV-TB Co-infection
Impact of HIV Infection on Latent TB Among Patients With HIV-TB Co-infection

HIV induced altered representation and function of regulatory T cell subsets (NKT and Treg cells) impair the protective T cell response against M.tuberculosis and disrupts LTBI, thus facilitates faster progression and development of severe forms of clinical TB in HIV-TB co-infection.

During the natural course of HIV disease, emergence of opportunistic infection not only imposes morbidity on HIV-TB co-infected patients, but also facilitates viral replication causing faster disease progression. Tuberculosis, being the commonest among the opportunistic infections among HIV infected persons deserves special attention. Moreover, disruption of latency of TB infection (LTBI) with development of more severe clinical forms at relatively early stage of HIV disease when CD4 count still remains above 300/ul, makes TB a unique opportunistic infection and negatively influence the outcome of dual infection.This is suggestive of impairment of some critical immune function involving relatively less frequent fine T cell subsets with functional hierarchy over bulk T cells, so as to weaken the immune containment of LTBI resulting in reactivation of M. tuberculosis and manifestation of severe forms of TB.HIV has recently been reported to preferentially infect, destroy and incapacitate two key immune-regulatory T cell subsets, namely NKT and Treg cells.Therefore, studying them along the course of HIV disease and impact of their changes on the function of effector T cells directed against M.tuberculosis is important.

Observational
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Not Provided
Non-Probability Sample

HIV+ve+LTBI HIV+ve+clinical TB HIV-ve+clinical TB Normal control

  • Latent Tuberculosis Infection
  • HIV Infections
  • Tuberculosis
Not Provided
  • 1
    HIV+ve+LTBI (n=100)
  • 2
    HIV+ve+clinical TB (n=50)
  • 3
    HIV-ve+clinical TB (n=15)
  • 4
    Normal control (n=15)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
180
March 2010
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

HIV infected +LTBI group:

  • Patient of either sex between 18-65 years of age
  • All the patients should be HIV ELISA test positive irrespective of CD4 count and presence of other opportunistic infections Antiretroviral drug naive HIV patients
  • No past history of TB
  • Patients should be either tuberculin test positive (> 5mm) or interferon gamma release assay positive
  • Written informed consent to participate in the study given by participants or legal guardian
  • Patients able to comply with instructions and come back for a regular follow up

HIV infected + Clinical TB group:

  • Patient of either sex between 18-65 years of age
  • All the patients should be HIV ELISA test positive irrespective of CD4 count and presence of other opportunistic infections
  • In PTB group, patient should be two sputum smear positive out of three consecutive samples
  • In EPTB group, diagnosis of TB will be:

    • Definitive -Culture confirmed
    • Probable -Histopathological or radiological -Clinical features and response to anti TB treatment (ATT)
    • Possible TB -Clinical feature and response to anti TB treatment (ATT)
  • Written informed consent to participate in the study given by participants or legal guardian
  • Patients able to comply with instructions and come back for a regular follow up

HIV negative Clinical TB group:

  • Patients of either sex between 18-65 years of age who are permanent resident of Delhi
  • All patients should be HIV ELISA negative
  • In PTB group, patients should be two sputum smear positive (at least 1+) out of three consecutive samples
  • In EPTB group, diagnosis of TB will be:

    • Definitive -Culture-confirmed
    • Probable -Histopathological or radiological -Clinical features and response to anti-TB treatment (ATT)
    • Possible TB -Clinical features and response to anti-TB treatment (ATT)
  • Written informed consent to participate in the study given by participants or legal guardian
  • Patients able to comply with instructions and come back for a regular follow up

Normal controls:

  • Persons of either sex between 18-65 years of age who are permanent resident of Delhi
  • Written informed consent to participate in the study given by participants or legal guardian
  • Person should not have past history of TB

    • Mantoux test negative (< 10mm)
    • Chest-X-ray normal
    • Hemogram normal
  • Renal and liver functions normal
  • Hepatitis viral markers normal
  • No clinical evidence of malnutrition
  • HIV ELISA negative

Exclusion Criteria:

HIV infected +LTBI group:

  • Pregnant and lactating females
  • Patients who are getting steroid therapy
  • Transplant patients, diabetes mellitus or malignancy, chronic renal failure or liver diseases
  • Currently receiving cytotoxic therapy, or have received it within the last 3 months
  • Terminally ill as per treating clinician's judgment
  • Patient from outside Delhi and migrants

HIV infected + Clinical TB group:

  • Category II and multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Pregnant and lactating females
  • Patients who are getting steroid therapy
  • Transplant patients, diabetes mellitus or malignancy, chronic renal failure or liver diseases
  • Currently receiving cytotoxic therapy, or have received it within the last 3 months
  • Terminally ill patient as per treating clinician's judgment
  • Patients from outside Delhi and migrants

HIV negative Clinical TB group:

  • Category II and multi drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Patients who are getting steroid therapy
  • Transplant patients, diabetes mellitus or malignancy, chronic renal failure or liver disease
  • Currently receiving cytotoxic therapy, or have received it within the last 3 months
  • Terminally ill patient as per treating clinician's judgment
  • Patients unwilling to comply with the study procedures or those with history of alcohol or drug abuse

Normal controls:

  • Transplant patients, diabetes mellitus or malignancy
  • Patients unwilling to comply with the study procedures or those with history of alcohol or drug abuse
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
Yes
Contact: Surendra K Sharma, M.D., Ph.D 26594415 surensk@gmail.com
India
 
NCT00692809
SKS/LTBI/07
No
Dr. S.K. Sharma, Professor & Head, All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Ministry of Science and Technology, India
Indian Council of Medical Research
Principal Investigator: Surendra K Sharma, M.D., Ph.D All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Ministry of Science and Technology, India
June 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP