A 72-week Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Three Initial Antiretroviral Regimens -GPO-VIR S (d4T/3TC/NVP) for 24 Weeks Followed by GPO-VIR Z (AZT/3TC/NVP) vs GPO-VIR Z vs TDF/FTC/NVP

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital, Thailand
Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
University of Hawaii
Information provided by:
South East Asia Research Collaboration with Hawaii
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00669487
First received: April 24, 2008
Last updated: May 4, 2011
Last verified: July 2009

April 24, 2008
May 4, 2011
April 2008
December 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Change from baseline in mean hemoglobin at 24 weeks and 72 weeks [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Proportion of participants with peripheral neuropathy at 24 weeks and 72 weeks [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Compared to the d4T switch and TDF arms, AZT will have a lower Hgb [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • At baseline, the rates of peripheral neuropathy (presumably HIV-induced) will be comparable among the 3 arms [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00669487 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Changes from baseline in body weight, limb fat, and lean body mass by DEXA scan at 24 weeks and 72 weeks [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change from baseline in serum creatinine at 24 weeks and 72 weeks [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Proportion of participants with plasma HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL at 24 weeks and 72 weeks [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in CD4 count at 24 weeks and 72 weeks [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The overall toxicity profile, as assessed by NIAID Division of AIDS Toxicity Grading Scale, will be less in the AZT and TDF arms compared to the d4T arm [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • All arms will have similar virologic/immunologic outcomes and adherence. [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A 72-week Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Three Initial Antiretroviral Regimens -GPO-VIR S (d4T/3TC/NVP) for 24 Weeks Followed by GPO-VIR Z (AZT/3TC/NVP) vs GPO-VIR Z vs TDF/FTC/NVP
Not Provided

This protocol aims to determine the risk/benefits of this policy by comparing head-to-head a regimen of GPO-VIR Z or TDF/FTC/NVP for 18 months in ARV-naïve patients to a 6-month lead in with GPO-VIR S followed by 12 months of GPO-VIR Z. The primary outcomes to be assessed will be anemia, neuropathy, lipoatrophy and renal function.

GPO-VIR Z is a new combination antiretroviral (ARV) medication that substitutes zidovudine (AZT) for stavudine (d4T) from the original formulation of GPO-VIR S. This new combination should decrease rates of lipoatrophy and neuropathy which are side-effects strongly linked to the use of d4T. However, there is some risk that initiating therapy with an AZT- containing regimen may cause unacceptable rates of anemia. Many Thai physicians have adopted a practice of using 6 months of the stavudine-containing GPO-VIR S as a lead in before introducing AZT-containing GPO-VIR Z in an effort to balance the risks and benefits of these two medications. There are no definitive data, however, that can attest to the benefit of such an approach.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    Truvada(FTC200mg+TDF300mg) every 24 hours + NVP 200 mg every 12 hours orally until week 72
  • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    GPO-VIR S(D4T30mg+3TC150mg+NVP200mg)1 pill orally every 12 hours until week 24 and then switch to GPO-VIR Z
  • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    GPO-VIR Z(AZT250mg+3TC150mg+NVP200mg) 1 pill orally every 12 hours until week 72
  • Experimental: 1. GPO-VIR S 1 pill orally every 12 hours
    Interventions:
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
  • Experimental: 2 GPO-VIR Z 1 pill orally every 12 hours
    Interventions:
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
  • Experimental: 3 Truvada 1 pill oral q 24 hr and NVP 1 pill oral q 12 hr
    Interventions:
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
    • Drug: AZT/3TC/NVP, AZT/D4T/NVP, Truvada/NVP
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
150
April 2011
December 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Documented HIV-1 infection
  2. Age ≥ 18 years old.
  3. Subjects must be naïve to ARV. Individuals with past exposure to ARV associated with pregnancy will be allowed to enroll as long as the exposure is at least 3 months prior to entry.
  4. CD4 < 350 cells/mm3
  5. Subject understands the study and is able to sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Evidence of symptomatic persistent symptoms of tingling or numbness of lower extremities and bilateral lower extremity neuropathy on exam at entry. Abnormal exam includes 1) Diminished (compared with the knee) or absent ankle reflexes OR 2) Diminution of either vibration sensation in the legs (defined as perception of vibration for < 10 seconds at the great toe with a tuning fork initially struck hard enough to be audible) OR 3) Diminution of pin or temperature sensation in lower extremities OR 4) Contact allodynia in the feet.
  2. Laboratory values 1) Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 750/mm3 2) Hemoglobin < 8.0 g/dL 3) ALT (SGPT) > 5 x ULN 4) Creatinine > 2 X ULN or < creatinine clearance < 30 cc per min by Cockroft-Gault formula
  3. Active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection (OI) within 30 days prior to entry. Subjects must be off all acute treatments for OI for at least 14 days prior to entry. Subjects on maintenance or prophylactic therapy for AIDS-related OIs will be eligible.
  4. Any immunomodulator, HIV vaccine or investigational therapy within 30 days of study entry
  5. Pregnancy or breast-feeding; intent to become pregnant during the course of the study.
  6. Presence of any active malignancy.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Thailand
 
NCT00669487
SEARCH003
Yes
Nitiya Chomchey, SEARCH Thailand
South East Asia Research Collaboration with Hawaii
  • Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital, Thailand
  • Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
  • University of Hawaii
Principal Investigator: Jintanat - Ananworanich, M.D. SEARCH Thailand
Principal Investigator: Jintanat - Ananworanich, M.D., Ph.D SEARCH Thailand
South East Asia Research Collaboration with Hawaii
July 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP