Effect of Exercise on Biomarkers of Colon Cancer Risk (APPEAL)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00668161
First received: April 24, 2008
Last updated: November 26, 2012
Last verified: November 2012

April 24, 2008
November 26, 2012
January 2001
December 2004   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Proliferation rate in the upper part of colon and rectal mucosa crypts. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12-months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00668161 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • expression of apoptosis-related proteins (bax/bcl-2 ratio) in colon and rectal mucosal biopsies [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12-months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • rectal mucosal prostaglandin levels [ Time Frame: baseline and 12-months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • fasting serum/plasma insulin, glucose, triglycerides, insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF-1), and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFPB-3) [ Time Frame: baseline and 12-months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • body fat mass and distribution (body mass index, waist and hip circumferences, bioelectrical impedance, DEXA scan)and subcutaneous abdominal and intra-abdominal fat mass (measured by one-slice CT scan at the L4 level) [ Time Frame: baseline and 12-months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • quality of life (measured by standardized self-report instruments) and sleep quality [ Time Frame: baseline and 12-months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Effect of Exercise on Biomarkers of Colon Cancer Risk
Exercise Intervention Trial for Colorectal Polyp Patients

There is strong observational epidemiologic evidence that physical activity is inversely associated with risk of colon cancer occurrence in both men and women. This association has been found in over 30 observational studies, and appears to be independent of effects of diet, body fat mass, and other potential confounding factors. Prior to large-scale recommendations regarding exercise as a means of preventing colon cancer, however, more information is needed regarding the type of exercise, when it must be initiated, and how much must be done, in order to produce a protective effect. Information on the mechanisms and biological pathways through which exercise might protect the colon will aid in developing the answers to these questions.

This is a randomized controlled trial of a one-year moderate/vigorous exercise intervention vs. delayed- exercise control on various biomarkers of colon cancer risk in persons that have undergone a colonoscopy within the past 36 months.. The trial is designed to establish the effects of the exercise intervention on colorectal cell proliferation and terminal differentiation, and on factors that may lie in the pathway between exercise and proliferation and apoptosis, in colon and rectal epithelium. It will provide data on: 1) the efficacy of a one-year moderate intensity aerobic exercise program in modulating these processes to a pattern considered low risk for colon cancer, and 2) the mechanisms whereby exercise may lower colon cancer risk in humans. To the investigators' knowledge, this will be the first study of its kind.

The specific aims of the proposed study are:

  1. To measure the effects of a one-year moderate/vigorous intensity aerobic exercise program vs. a delayed-exercise control program in persons that have undergone a colonoscopy within the past 36 months on proliferation rate in the upper part of colon and rectal mucosa crypts.
  2. To also measure the effects of a one-year moderate/vigorous intensity aerobic exercise program vs. delayed-exercise control program in persons that have undergone a colonoscopy within the past 36 months on:

    • expression of apoptosis-related proteins (bax/bcl-2 ratio) in colon and rectal mucosal biopsies
    • rectal mucosal prostaglandin levels
    • fasting serum/plasma insulin, glucose, triglycerides, insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF-1), and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFPB-3)
    • body fat mass and distribution (body mass index, waist and hip circumferences, bioelectrical impedance, DEXA scan)
    • subcutaneous abdominal and intra-abdominal fat mass (measured by one-slice CT scan at the L4 level)
    • fitness (VO2max)
    • quality of life (measured by standardized self-report instruments)
    • sleep quality
Interventional
Phase 2
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Colon Cancer Prevention
Behavioral: Exercise
60 minutes/session of aerobic exercise, 6 d/week at 50-50% HHR. All sessions will begin with 10 minutes of stretching and 5 minutes of warm-up, and will end with 5 minutes of cool down.
  • Experimental: 1
    Exercise
    Intervention: Behavioral: Exercise
  • No Intervention: 2
    Control

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
202
February 2005
December 2004   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female
  • Completed a colonoscopy within the past 36 months
  • Ages 40-75 years at time of identification
  • Sedentary activity pattern
  • Gives informed consent, agrees to be randomly assigned
  • Able to perform all study requirements, able to follow directions and complete forms

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Colorectal cancer at any time; any other invasive cancer within the past 10 years (simple basal or squamous cell carcinoma okay)
  • Plans to leave Western Washington during the follow-up period
  • Morbidly obese (BMI > 41), weight loss of > 10 pounds in the previous 3 months
  • Familial polyposis, Gardner's syndrome, or other known familial colorectal cancer syndrome
  • Ulcerative colitis or short bowel
  • "Excessive"(> 3 x week) laxative or enema use that might interfere with rectal crypt studies
  • Current use of certain medications likely to interfere with success of the intervention, or with outcomes measures (for example, anticoagulants because of risk from colorectal biopsy, diet medications within past 6 months)
  • Diabetes mellitus or fasting glucose > 140
  • Hemochromatosis- if diagnosed by physician
  • Abnormal screening labs (hematocrit < 32 or > 48, white blood cells < 3.0 or > 15.0, potassium < 3.5 or > 5.3, fasting glucose > 140, creatinine > 2.0), or abnormalities on screening physical exam judged by study physicians to contraindicate participation in an exercise program
  • Contraindications for entry into a training program 131 including: unstable angina, uncontrolled hypertension (systolic > 200, diastolic > 100), orthostatic hypotension (>20 mm fall in systolic), moderate/severe aortic stenosis, uncontrolled arrhythmia, uncontrolled congestive heart failure, third degree heart block, pericarditis, myocarditis, pulmonary/systemic embolism within the past 6 months, thrombophlebitis, ST displacement > 3 mm at rest, history of cardiac arrest)
  • Contraindications for exercise testing 131 including: recent (within 6 months) cardiac event (MI, pulmonary edema, myocarditis, pericarditis), unstable angina, uncontrolled arrhythmia, third degree heart block, left bundle branch block, acute congestive failure, recent (within 6 months) pulmonary/systemic embolus, severe electrolyte abnormality
  • Meets criteria to stop screening exercise test 131 as decided by overseeing physician
  • Volunteering in order to lose weight; alcohol or drug abuse, significant mental or emotional problems such as would interfere with compliance (as assessed by study staff impression)
Both
40 Years to 75 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00668161
APPEAL CA77572-01, FHCRC-4838, R01 CA77572-01
Yes
Anne McTiernan, MD, PhD, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Not Provided
Not Provided
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
November 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP