Nevirapine Study for the Prevention of Maternal-Infant HIV Transmission in Uganda

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00639938
First received: March 18, 2008
Last updated: April 1, 2008
Last verified: March 2008

March 18, 2008
April 1, 2008
July 2004
July 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Rate of HIV infection in infants born to study participants in each arm of the study [ Time Frame: At Birth, Weeks 2, 6, and 14, and Months 6, 12, and 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Safety and tolerance of HIVIGLOB given to pregnant women at 36-37 weeks gestation and neonates at birth in combination with NVP and of NVP alone [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00639938 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Rate of immunologic progression in HIV-infected infants in each arm [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Infant mortality [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Maternal plasma HIV RNA levels at delivery [ Time Frame: At Birth ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Immunologic, virologic, and pharmacologic factors [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Nevirapine Study for the Prevention of Maternal-Infant HIV Transmission in Uganda
A Phase III Randomized Clinical Trial of the Standard Two Dose Nevirapine (NVP) Regimen With the Addition of HIV Immune Globulin(HIVIGLOB) or Extended Infant NVP Dosing Compared With the Standard NVP Regimen Alone for the Prevention of Maternal-Infant HIV Transmission in Uganda

The increase in pediatric HIV infection has a substantial impact on childhood mortality in the developing world. A number of recent studies suggest that as many as half or more of mother-to-child HIV transmissions in developing countries occur in late pregnancy or during labor and delivery. Interventions targeted during the perinatal period have shown to be effective and to have a significant impact in reducing transmission. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of nevirapine (NVP) plus immunoprophylaxis or extended NVP dosing regimens in HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants during the perinatal period.

There is an urgent need to find safe, effective means of preventing mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV that can be used in developing countries. One of the greatest obstacles to prevention in these areas remains HIV transmission through breast milk. The primary purpose of this trial is to determine if nevirapine (NVP) plus immunoprophylaxis (by intravenous HIV immune globulin [HIVIGLOB]) or extended NVP dosing of the neonate during the perinatal period can safely and effectively reduce the risk of peripartum or early breastfeeding-related HIV MTCT.

This study will last 11-18 weeks for each mother and 18 months for each infant. HIV-infected pregnant women will be randomly assigned to one of three arms. Participants in Arm 1 will receive a single dose of 200 mg NVP orally at the onset of labor. Infants in Arm 1 will receive a single dose of 2 mg/kg NVP orally within the first week after delivery. Arm 2 participants will receive a single dose of 200 mg NVP orally at the onset of labor. Infants in Arm 2 will receive 2 mg/kg NVP orally within the first week after delivery and 5 mg NVP taken orally daily from Day 8 through Week 6. Arm 3 participants will receive a 12 gm intravenous dose of HIVIGLOB at 36-37 weeks gestation and 200 mg NVP orally at the onset of labor. Infants in Arm 3 will receive a single 1.2 gm intravenous dose HIVIGLOB within 18 hours of birth and 2 mg/kg NVP orally within the first week after delivery.

There will be five or six study visits for pregnant participants. A targeted medical history, physical examination, and blood collection will occur at all visits. After birth, there will be 11 study visits for infants in Arms 1 and 2 and 12 study visits for infants in Arm 3. Medical history and a targeted physical exam will occur at all visits. Blood collection will occur at some visits.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Nevirapine
    200 mg Nevirapine tablet
    Other Name: NVP Viramune
  • Drug: HIV immune globulin solution
    5% intravenous HIV immune globulin solution
    Other Name: HIVIGLOB
  • Active Comparator: 1

    Mother dosing regimen: Single dose of 200 mg NVP taken orally at onset of labor

    Infant dosing regimen: Single dose of 2 mg/kg NVP taken orally within the first week after delivery

    Intervention: Drug: Nevirapine
  • Experimental: 2

    Mother dosing regimen: Single dose of 200 mg NVP taken orally at onset of labor

    Infant dosing regimen: 2 mg/kg NVP taken orally within the first week after delivery and 5 mg NVP taken orally daily from Day 8 through Week 6

    Intervention: Drug: Nevirapine
  • Experimental: 3

    Mother dosing regimen: Single 12 gm intravenous dose of HIVIGLOB at 36 - 37 weeks gestation and 200 mg NVP taken orally at onset of labor

    Infant dosing regimen: Single 1.2 gm intravenous dose HIVIGLOB within 18 hours of birth and 2 mg/kg NVP taken orally within the first week after delivery

    Interventions:
    • Drug: Nevirapine
    • Drug: HIV immune globulin solution

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
722
July 2007
July 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant between 32-36 weeks estimated gestation
  • HIV Infected
  • Intent to breastfeed infant
  • Certain laboratory criteria. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Sensitivity to immune globulin preparations or any benzodiazepine
  • Clinically significant disease, as determined by the investigator, that would compromise the ability of the participant to complete the study requirements
  • Currently receiving antiretroviral therapy (other than the intrapartum NVP or other peripartum regimens)
  • Participation in any HIV vaccine trials
  • History of cytotoxic chemotherapy within one month of study entry
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Chronic alcohol or illicit drug use
  • History of non-compliance with visits or medication
  • Women who become pregnant again during study follow-up will not be eligible for re-enrollment in the trial
Female
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT00639938
R01-AI-34235
Yes
Brooks Jackson, MD, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Brooks Jackson, MD Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
March 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP