Chemotherapy With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00588770
First received: December 28, 2007
Last updated: October 23, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

December 28, 2007
October 23, 2014
August 2008
December 2017   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Overall survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to date of death from any cause, censored at date of last contact, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Interim analyses comparing overall survival between the two arms using long-rank tests will be performed. At each analysis, critical values for the long-rank test will be calculated using a truncated Lan-Demets error spending rate function corresponding to the O'Brien-Fleming boundary.
Overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00588770 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Incidence of toxicity as assessed by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    One-sided Fisher's exact tests with alpha of 0.05 will be used at each interim analysis, and no adjustment will be made for multiple comparisons.
  • Objective response rates [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The sum of the longest diameters of all target lesions will be calculated at baseline and reported as the baseline sum longest diameter. The sum longest diameter will be used to characterize the objective tumor response.
  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of entry on the study to the appearance of new metastatic lesions or objective tumor progression, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Comorbidities [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The impact of comorbidities on endpoints will be assessed.
  • Toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Objective response rate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Progression-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Impact of comorbidity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Chemotherapy With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer
A Phase III Randomized Trial of Chemotherapy With or Without Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This randomized phase III trial studies chemotherapy to see how well it works with or without bevacizumab in treating patients with head and neck cancer that has come back (recurrent) or that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, cisplatin, carboplatin, and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also make tumor cells more sensitive to chemotherapy and stop the growth of head and neck cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective when given with or without bevacizumab in treating patients with head and neck cancer.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the overall survival of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer treated with standard platinum-based chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess toxicities with the addition of bevacizumab to each platinum-doublet (cisplatin/docetaxel, carboplatin/docetaxel, cisplatin/fluorouracil [5-FU], carboplatin/5-FU).

II. To compare the objective response rates and the progression-free survival achieved with the above therapies.

III. To collect blood samples before and after therapy for future correlative studies.

IV. To collect tumor tissue samples available at baseline from prior diagnostic procedures for future correlative studies.

OUTLINE: After the physician decides which chemotherapy doublet to use, patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms for that chemotherapy combination.

ARM IA: Patients receive chemotherapy comprising docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IB: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and docetaxel and cisplatin as in Arm IA.

ARM IIA: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IIB: Patients receive bevacizumab as in arm IB and docetaxel and carboplatin as in Arm IIA.

ARM IIIA: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IIIB: Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and cisplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IIIA.

ARM IVA: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IVB: Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and carboplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IVA.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
  • Recurrent Salivary Gland Cancer
  • Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
  • Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
  • Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
  • Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
  • Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
  • Salivary Gland Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage IV Salivary Gland Cancer
  • Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
  • Stage IVA Salivary Gland Cancer
  • Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
  • Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
  • Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
  • Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
  • Stage IVB Salivary Gland Cancer
  • Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
  • Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
  • Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
  • Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
  • Stage IVC Salivary Gland Cancer
  • Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
  • Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
  • Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
  • Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
  • Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
  • Tongue Cancer
  • Untreated Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
  • Drug: docetaxel
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • RP 56976
    • Taxotere
    • TXT
  • Drug: cisplatin
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • CACP
    • CDDP
    • CPDD
    • DDP
  • Drug: carboplatin
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Carboplat
    • CBDCA
    • JM-8
    • Paraplat
    • Paraplatin
  • Drug: fluorouracil
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 5-fluorouracil
    • 5-Fluracil
    • 5-FU
  • Biological: bevacizumab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
    • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
    • Avastin
    • rhuMAb VEGF
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: cytologic sampling
  • Active Comparator: Arm IA (docetaxel, cisplatin)
    Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: docetaxel
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Experimental: Arm IB (docetaxel, cisplatin, bevacizumab)
    Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and docetaxel and cisplatin as in Arm IA.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: docetaxel
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Biological: bevacizumab
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Active Comparator: Arm IIA (docetaxel, carboplatin)
    Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: docetaxel
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Experimental: Arm IIB (docetaxel, carboplatin, bevacizumab)
    Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and docetaxel and carboplatin as in Arm IIA.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: docetaxel
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Biological: bevacizumab
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Active Comparator: Arm IIIA (cisplatin, fluorouracil)
    Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Experimental: Arm IIIB (cisplatin, fluorouracil, bevacizumab)
    Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and cisplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IIIA.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Biological: bevacizumab
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Active Comparator: Arm IVA (carboplatin, fluorouracil)
    Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
  • Experimental: Arm IVB (carboplatin, fluorouracil, bevacizumab)
    Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and carboplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IVA.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Biological: bevacizumab
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
400
Not Provided
December 2017   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN), from any primary site, including unknown primary cancers of the head and neck; patient must not have nasopharyngeal carcinoma of histologic types World Health Organization (WHO) 2 or 3 or squamous cell carcinoma that originated in the skin
  • Patients must have SCCHN that is either (a) recurrent, judged incurable by surgery or radiation or (b) metastatic; NOTE: Patients who refuse radical resection for recurrent disease are eligible; NOTE: A second primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is allowed if eligibility is based on a recurrent or metastatic first primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
  • No prior chemotherapy or biologic/molecular targeted therapy for recurrent or metastatic SCCHN

    • Patients may have received one regimen of induction, concomitant chemoradiotherapy and/or adjuvant chemotherapy as part of initial potential curative therapy but must not have received prior chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease
    • A minimum of 4 months is required between last dose of chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and study treatment; in addition patients must be progression-free for at least 4 months after completion of chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy or radiation plus cetuximab given with a curative intent; (cetuximab therapy: 4 months is required between last dose of chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and study treatment if part of concurrent regimen, 8 weeks if part of adjuvant regimen post radiation)
    • Patients having progression after 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy are not eligible for the study
  • No prior bevacizumab is allowed
  • A maximum of one prior radiotherapy regimen, curative or palliative, to the head and neck is allowed; if the radiation is combined with chemotherapy and/or cetuximab, a minimum of 4 months must elapse between the end of radiotherapy and registration; if the radiation is given alone, a minimum of 8 weeks must elapse between the end of radiotherapy and registration; a minimum of 3 weeks must elapse between prior radiation to other areas and registration
  • Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agent while on the study
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Patients must have recovered to grade 1 or better from any acute effects of prior surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, and should be > 4 weeks post surgery; chronic late xerostomia, speech and swallowing abnormalities resulting from prior radiation or surgery are permitted if nutritional status is stable
  • Patients must have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST); baseline measurements and evaluations of all sites of disease must be obtained =< 4 weeks prior to randomization; disease in previously irradiated sites is considered measurable if there has been unequivocal disease progression or biopsy-proven residual carcinoma following radiation therapy; persistent disease after radiotherapy must be biopsy proven at least 8 weeks after completion of radiation therapy; (radiographic findings are acceptable providing that clear-cut measurements can be made)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 8.0 g/dL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine clearance of >= 60 ml/min; creatinine clearance may be measured or calculated; if calculating, creatinine clearance, use the Cockroft-Gault formula
  • Total bilirubin within normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be within the range allowing for eligibility

    • Alkaline phosphatase normal AND AST or ALT =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Alkaline phosphatase > 1 but =< 2.5 x ULN AND AST or ALT > 1 but =< 1.5 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 but =< 5 x ULN AND AST or ALT normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase must be within the range allowing for eligibility
  • Urine dipstick must be =< 0-1+ within 2 weeks (14 days) of randomization; if urine dipstick result is > 1+, a calculation of urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio is required; patients must have a UPC ratio < 1.0 to participate in the study; NOTE: UPC ratio of spot urine is an estimation of the 24 urine protein excretion - a UPC ratio of 1 is roughly equivalent to a 24-hour urine protein of 1 gm
  • No known brain metastases
  • Patients who meet the following criteria will be excluded:

    • Tumors that invade major vessels (e.g. the carotid) as shown unequivocally by imaging studies
    • Central (i.e. within 2 cm from the hilum) lung metastases that are cavitary as shown unequivocally by imaging studies
    • Any prior history of bleeding related to the current head and neck cancer
    • History of gross hemoptysis (bright red blood of 1/2 teaspoon or more per episode of coughing) =< 3 months prior to enrollment
  • No history of coagulopathy or hemorrhagic disorders
  • Patients should not have a history of thrombosis (e.g. pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis) currently requiring therapeutic anticoagulation (prophylactic use of warfarin 1 mg per day is allowed) and international normalized ratio (INR) should be < 1.5 at registration
  • Patients must not be receiving chronic daily treatment with aspirin (> 325 mg/day) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAID's) known to inhibit platelet function; the use of anti-platelet agents (e.g. dipyridamole [Persantine], ticlopidine [Ticlid], clopidogrel [Plavix]) is allowed only if patient is not receiving aspirin or NSAID's known to inhibit platelet function
  • No hypercalcemia related to head and neck cancer
  • Patients with a prior history of squamous cell or basal carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical cancer must have been curatively treated; patients with a history of other prior malignancy must have been treated with curative intent and must have remained disease-free for 3 years post diagnosis
  • No current peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2 at time of randomization
  • Patients must not have any co-existing condition that would preclude full compliance with the study
  • No prior history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80, if the physician's choice of chemotherapy regimen is docetaxel
  • All patients must have blood pressure =< 150/90 =< 2 weeks prior to randomization; patients with history of hypertension must be well-controlled upon study entry (=< 150/90) on a stable regimen of anti-hypertensive therapy
  • No major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study enrollment, or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • No unstable angina or myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months; no symptomatic congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater; no history of aortic dissection or presence of aneurysm > 6 cm (or at high risk for rupture); no serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication (history of chronic atrial fibrillation or other atrial arrhythmia with controlled rate on medication is allowed); no clinically significant peripheral vascular disease manifested by intermittent claudication or need for vascular intervention; no history of aortic dissection; no history of any central nervous system (CNS) cerebrovascular ischemia or stroke within the last 6 months; no active serious infection
  • Patients should not have prior history of a serious human anti-human antibody (HAHA) reaction; patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies are not eligible
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast feeding; pregnant women are excluded from this study; women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to total abstinence or to use adequate hormonal or barrier method of birth control prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • No history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to registration
Both
18 Years and older
No
United States,   Puerto Rico,   South Africa
 
NCT00588770
NCI-2009-00507, NCI-2009-00507, CDR0000582533, E1305, E1305, U10CA021115, U10CA180820
Yes
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Athanassios (Ethan) Argiris ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
August 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP