Evaluation of [123I] AV51 and SPECT as a Marker of Beta-Amyloid Protein Deposition in Subjects With Alzheimer Disease in Comparison to Healthy Subjects

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00556660
First received: November 8, 2007
Last updated: July 23, 2008
Last verified: July 2008

November 8, 2007
July 23, 2008
September 2007
July 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To assess the dynamic uptake and washout of 123-I AV151, a potential imaging biomarker for β-amyloid burden in brain, using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in similarly aged healthy controls and Alzheimer's (AD) subjects [ Time Frame: 6 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00556660 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Evaluation of [123I] AV51 and SPECT as a Marker of Beta-Amyloid Protein Deposition in Subjects With Alzheimer Disease in Comparison to Healthy Subjects
Not Provided

The main objectives of this proposal are as follows:

To assess the dynamic uptake and washout of 123-I AV51, a potential imaging biomarker for β-amyloid burden in brain, using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in similarly aged healthy controls and Alzheimer's (AD) subjects

To perform blood metabolite characterization of 123-I AV51 in healthy and AD subjects to determine the metabolic fate and nature of metabolites in assessment of 123-I AV51 as a single photon computed tomography (SPECT) brain imaging agent

Evaluate the test/retest reproducibility of 123-I AV51 and SPECT in AD subjects and healthy controls

Research Plan:

General Design and Methods. The underlying goal of this study is to assess 123-I AV51 SPECT imaging as a tool to detect ß-amyloid deposition in the brain of AD research participants and age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. All study procedures will be conducted at the Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders (IND) and Molecular NeuroImaging (MNI) in New Haven, CT. Approximately 20 patients with Alzheimers disease (AD) and 10 healthy controls will be recruited to participate in this study. Healthy controls will be examined to ensure that there is no evidence of neurodegenerative changes including cognitive decline. Informed consent will be obtained for all. All subjects will undergo a screening evaluation including baseline clinical laboratory testing, a baseline physical and neurological evaluation and baseline cognitive evaluations. Subjects will be asked to undergo a bolus injection of 123-I AV51. Subjects will undergo serial SPECT imaging scans and serial venous plasma sampling for measurement of 123-I AV51 in plasma (both protein bound and free) over a period of up to 6 hours. Subjects may be asked to undergo a second imaging visit between 2 and 6 weeks following the initial imaging visit following similar procedures to the initial imaging visit to evaluate the reproducibility of the imaging measure using this procedure. The imaging analyses will be performed by an image-processing specialist who will remain masked to the procedures employed with each imaging acquisition. The primary imaging outcome measure will be the brain regional distribution volumes expressed as a brain tissue to plasma ratio of the radioligand, 123-I AV51. Time to the peak uptake and amplitude of the peak uptake will be evaluated for all brain regions and the results for the AD patients and controls will be compared. For those subjects undergoing repeat imaging visits, the data from the initial scan will be compared to the second scan to determine which offers the reproducibility of the imaging outcome measure.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Screening
Alzheimer Disease
Procedure: SPECT scan
To assess the dynamic uptake and washout of 123-I AV151, a potential imaging biomarker for β-amyloid burden in brain, using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in similarly aged healthy controls and Alzheimer's (AD) subjects
Experimental: 1
SPECT imaging
Intervention: Procedure: SPECT scan
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
20
July 2008
July 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

Healthy Control Subject Selection. Healthy control subjects who have no neurological disease will be recruited for this study. The following criteria will be met for inclusion of healthy control subjects in this study:

  • The participant is 50 years or older.
  • Written informed consent is obtained.
  • Negative history of neurological or psychiatric illness based on evaluation by a research physician.
  • Mini-Mental Status Exam score ≥28.
  • For females, non-child bearing potential or negative urine or blood pregnancy test on day of 123-I AV51 injection.

Alzheimer's Subject Selection. Subjects who have a clinical diagnosis of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease will be recruited for this study. The following criteria will be met for inclusion of AD subjects in this study:

  • The participant is 50 years or older.
  • Written informed consent is obtained.
  • Participants have a clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease based on National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS/ADRDA) criteria.
  • Mini-Mental Status Exam score < 25.
  • Modified Hachinski Ischemia Scale score of ≤ 4.
  • Geriatric Depression Scales (GDS) ≤ 10.
  • For females, non-child bearing potential or negative urine or blood pregnancy test on day of 123-I AV51 injection.

Exclusion Criteria:

Healthy control subjects will be excluded from participation for the following reasons:

  • The subject has a clinically significant abnormal laboratory value and/or clinically significant unstable medical or psychiatric illness.
  • The subject has any disorder that may interfere with drug absorption distribution, metabolism, or excretion (including gastrointestinal surgery).
  • The subject has evidence of clinically significant gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, hematological, neoplastic, endocrine, neurological, immunodeficiency, pulmonary, or other disorder or disease.
  • Pregnancy

Alzheimer's subjects will be excluded from participation for the following reasons:

  • The subject has signs or symptoms of another neurodegenerative disease including Parkinson's disease, diffuse Lewy body dementia, or history of significant cerebrovascular disease.
  • The subject has a clinically significant abnormal laboratory value and/or clinically significant unstable medical or psychiatric illness
  • The subject has any disorder that may interfere with drug absorption distribution, metabolism, or excretion (including gastrointestinal surgery)
Both
50 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00556660
AV51 001
No
Danna Jennings, MD, Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders
Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Danna L Jennings, MD Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders
Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders
July 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP