Trial record 1 of 1 for:    ALTITUDE aliskiren
Previous Study | Return to List | Next Study

Aliskiren Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Using Cardiovascular and Renal Disease Endpoints (Core and Extension Phases) (ALTITUDE)

This study has been terminated.
(Lack of benefit and safety concern)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00549757
First received: October 24, 2007
Last updated: April 1, 2014
Last verified: April 2014

October 24, 2007
April 1, 2014
October 2007
February 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Percentage of Participants With Occurrence of Primary Composite Endpoint (Core : Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Occurrence was defined as the first event of the following composite primary endpoint:

    • Cardiovascular (CV) death
    • Resuscitated sudden death
    • Non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI)
    • Non-fatal stroke
    • Unplanned hospitalization for heart failure (HF)
    • Onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or death due to renal failure. Onset of ESRD was defined as initiation of dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine concentration above 6.0 mg/dL (530 μmol/L), sustained for at least a month.
    • Doubling of baseline serum creatinine concentration, sustained for at least one month. To fulfill the endpoint, the serum creatinine concentration had to be above the upper limit of normal for men and women according to the central laboratory. The upper limit of normal for men is 1.20 mg/dL and for women is 0.91 mg/dL.
  • Percentage of Participants With Cardiovascular (CV) Death (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Resuscitated Sudden Death (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 Months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Resuscitated sudden death was adjudicated when a subject experiences sudden death or cardiac arrest and is successfully resuscitated by cardioversion, defibrillation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation with a meaningful recovery of consciousness. This definition excludes known transient losses of consciousness such as seizure or vasovagal episodes that do not reflect significant cardiac dysfunction.
  • Percentage of Participants With Fatal/Non-fatal Myocardial Infarction (MI) (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 Months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Fatal/Non-fatal Stroke (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 Months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Onset of End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD) (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 Months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ESRD is defined as initiation of dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine concentration above 6.0 mg/dL (530 µmol per liter) or renal death
  • Percentage of Participants With Doubling of Baseline Serum Creatinine Concentration, Sustained for at Least One Month (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 Months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To fulfill the endpoint, the serum creatinine concentration had to be above the upper limit of normal for men and women according to the central laboratory. The upper limit of normal for men is 1.20 mg/dL and for women is 0.91 mg/dL.
  • Percentage of Participants With Unplanned Hospitalization for Heart Failure (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 Months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With All Cause Mortality (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Occurrence of Primary Composite Endpoint (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Occurrence was defined as the first event of the following composite primary endpoint:

    • Cardiovascular (CV) death
    • Resuscitated sudden death
    • Non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI)
    • Non-fatal stroke
    • Unplanned hospitalization for heart failure (HF)
    • Onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or death due to renal failure. Onset of ESRD was defined as initiation of dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine concentration above 6.0 mg/dL (530 μmol/L), sustained for at least a month.
    • Doubling of baseline serum creatinine concentration, sustained for at least one month. To fulfill the endpoint, the serum creatinine concentration had to be above the upper limit of normal for men and women according to the central laboratory. The upper limit of normal for men is 1.20 mg/dL and for women is 0.91 mg/dL.
  • Percentage of Participants With Cardiovascular (CV) Death (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: from cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Resuscitated Sudden Death (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants Fatal/Non-fatal Myocardial Infarction (MI) (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 month in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Fatal/Non-fatal Stroke (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Onset of End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD) (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ESRD is defined as initiation of dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine concentration above 6.0 mg/dL (530 µmol per liter) or renal death
  • Percentage of Participants Doubling of Baseline Serum Creatinine Concentration, Sustained for at Least One Month (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To fulfill the endpoint, the serum creatinine concentration had to be above the upper limit of normal for men and women according to the central laboratory. The upper limit of normal for men is 1.20 mg/dL and for women is 0.91 mg/dL.
  • Percentage of Participants With Unplanned Hospitalization for Heart Failure (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With All Cause Mortality (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: from cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cardiovascular (CV) death [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event of the following composite endpoint ]
  • Resuscitated sudden death [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event of the following composite endpoint ]
  • Non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event of the following composite endpoint ]
  • Non-fatal stroke [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event of the following composite endpoint ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00549757 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Percentage of Participants With Occurrence of Secondary Cardiovascular Composite Endpoint (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Occurrence was defined as the first event of the following secondary cardiovascular composite endpoint:

    • Cardiovascular (CV) death
    • Resuscitated sudden death
    • Non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI)
    • Non-fatal stroke
    • Unplanned hospitalization for heart failure (HF)
  • Percentage of Participants With Occurrence of Secondary Renal Composite Endpoint (Core: Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Occurrence was defined as the first event of the following secondary renal composite endpoint:

    • Onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or death due to renal failure. Onset of ESRD was defined as initiation of dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine concentration above 6.0 mg/dL (530 μmol/L), sustained for at least a month.
    • Doubling of baseline serum creatinine concentration, sustained for at least one month. To fulfill the endpoint, the serum creatinine concentration had to be above the upper limit of normal for men and women according to the central laboratory.The upper limit of normal for men is 1.20 mg/dL and for women is 0.91 mg/dL.
  • Percentage of Participants With Occurrence of Secondary Cardiovascular Composite Endpoint (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Occurrence was defined as the first event of the following secondary cardiovascular composite endpoint:

    • Cardiovascular (CV) death
    • Resuscitated sudden death
    • Non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI)
    • Non-fatal stroke
    • Unplanned hospitalization for heart failure (HF)
  • Percentage of Participants With Occurrence of Secondary Renal Composite Endpoint (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Occurrence was defined as the first event of the following secondary renal composite endpoint:

    • Onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or death due to renal failure. Onset of ESRD was defined as initiation of dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine concentration above 6.0 mg/dL (530 μmol/L), sustained for at least a month.
    • Doubling of baseline serum creatinine concentration, sustained for at least one month. To fulfill the endpoint, the serum creatinine concentration had to be above the upper limit of normal for men and women according to the central laboratory. The upper limit of normal for men is 1.20 mg/dL and for women is 0.91 mg/dL.
Time from randomization to the first event of the following composite CV endpoint: • Cardiovascular (CV) death • Resuscitated sudden death • Non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) • Non-fatal stroke • Unplanned hospitalization for heart failu
  • Percentage of Participants With Angioedema/Angioedema-like or Colorectal Events (Core : Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the first event (Maximum 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    AEs of special interest were reported according to a post-marketing commitment to Health Authorities and included angioedema/angioedema-like events and colorectal events/ procedures
  • Change From Baseline in Urinary Albumin to Creatinine Ratio (UACR) to Month 6 and to Last Measurement (Core : Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 6 , last measurement (maximum at 50 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Baseline is the geometric mean of last 3 measurements before visit 3, Post-baseline value is the geometric mean of last 3 measurements during each visit.

    Change from Baseline = Post - Baseline.

  • Mean Changes in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) From Baseline to Month 3 and Month 6 (Core : Active Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 3 and Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The eGFR calculation was based on the Abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study Equation. Using this method, the applicable MDRD formula to calculate eGFR was as follows:

    Estimated GFR (mL/min/1.73 m^2) = 175 x (serum creatinine in mg/dL) -1.154 x (Age in years) -0.203 x (0.742 if female) x (1.210 if Black)

    Mean changes in eGFR from baseline to month 3 and month 6 were included for analysis. The LS Mean and Standard Error were based on an ANCOVA repeated-measure model with treatment, visit, treatment-by-visit and baseline eGFR as effect terms.

  • Percentage of Participants With Angioedema/Angioedema-like Events or Colorectal Events (Extension Phase) [ Time Frame: From cut-off date (20Dec2011/End of Treatment (EOT) ) to the first event after cut-off date (9 months in average) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    AEs of special interest were reported according to a post-marketing commitment to Health Authorities and included angioedema/angioedema-like events and colorectal events/ procedures.
Not Provided
 
Aliskiren Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Using Cardiovascular and Renal Disease Endpoints (Core and Extension Phases)
A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Study to Determine Whether, in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk for Cardiovascular and Renal Events, Aliskiren, on Top of Conventional Treatment, Reduces Cardiovascular and Renal Morbidity and Mortality

The purpose of this study was to determine whether, in patients with type 2 diabetes and pre-existing disease of the heart and the circulatory system and/or the kidney, aliskiren at a target dose of 300 mg once daily (compared to placebo), on top of conventional treatment, reduces death and disease caused by the heart, the circulatory system and the kidney.

AMENDMENT 4 RATIONALE (MARCH 2012) :

Protocol amendment 4 served to address the data monitoring committee recommendation dated 14 Dec 2011 to discontinue study treatment in all participating patients. It also addressed the subsequent Health Authorities request to implement a 12 month safety follow-up period (actual duration was 9 months in average) post study drug discontinuation.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Drug: Aliskiren
    Aliskiren 150 mg film-coated tablets
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo to match aliskiren 150 mg film-coated tablets
  • Experimental: Aliskiren

    In Core (Double Blind) phase, Aliskiren 150 mg once daily (o.d.) for 4 weeks; then patient was uptitrated to 300 mg o.d. at Visit 5/Week 4 (or 150 mg o.d. if patient could not tolerate target dose of study drug). Visits took place at 1, 4 , 5, 8 and 12 weeks after randomization (Visit 3/Week 0). Subsequent visits were planned every three months until end of core phase.

    With the recommendation of Data Monitoring Committee (DMC), after discontinuation of study drug, a follow up was added as Extension Phase (9 months in average) with no active treatment

    Intervention: Drug: Aliskiren
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo

    In Core (Double Blind) phase, placebo to match aliskiren 150 mg once daily (o.d.) for 4 weeks; from Visit 5/Week 4 placebo to match aliskiren 300 mg o.d. (or placebo to match aliskiren 150 mg if patient could not tolerate target dose of study drug). Visits took place 1, 4 , 5, 8 and 12 weeks after randomization (Visit 3/Week 0). Subsequent visits were planned every three months until end of core phase.

    With the recommendation of Data Monitoring Committee (DMC), after discontinuation of study drug, a follow up was added as Extension Phase (9 months in average) with no active treatment.

    Intervention: Drug: Placebo

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
8606
February 2013
February 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes and at least one of the following:

    • Macroalbuminuria and an eGFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2
    • Microalbuminuria and a reduced kidney function (eGFR eGFR ≥30 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m2)
    • A history of CV disease (previous MI, previous stroke, heart failure, coronary artery disease, history of percutaneous coronary intervention, angiography proven stenosis ≥50% in at least one coronary artery and a reduced kidney function (eGFR ≥30 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m2)
  • Concomitant treatment should follow national guidelines and must include either an Angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor (ACEi) or an Angiotensin-receptor-blocker (ARB) but not both.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Cardiovascular event or procedure ≤ 3 months prior to Visit 1
  • Unstable serum creatinine
  • Hypertension: Mean sitting systolic blood pressure (msSBP) ≥ 135 and < 170 mmHg or Mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (msDBP) ≥ 85 and < 110 mmHg unless treated with at least 3 anti-hypertensive medications
  • Hypertension msSBP ≥ 170 or msDBP ≥ 110 mmHg
  • Baseline Serum Potassium > 5.0 mmol/L
  • Patients who are treated with two renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-blockers
  • Patients with NYHA class III or IV heart failure
  • Known renal artery stenosis
  • Previous randomization into the AVOID trial (CSPP100C2201)

EXCLUSION SPECIFIC TO THE SAFETY FOLLOW-UP PERIOD:

- Aliskiren or aliskiren containing fixed combination products must not be used

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria applied

Both
35 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Japan,   United States,   Argentina,   Austria,   Belgium,   Brazil,   Canada,   China,   Colombia,   Czech Republic,   Denmark,   Finland,   France,   Germany,   Greece,   Guatemala,   Hungary,   India,   Italy,   Venezuela,   Korea, Republic of,   Lithuania,   Netherlands,   Norway,   Peru,   Portugal,   Puerto Rico,   Singapore,   Slovakia,   South Africa,   Spain,   Sweden,   Switzerland,   Taiwan,   Thailand,   Turkey,   United Kingdom
 
NCT00549757
CSPP100E2337, 2007-000860-25
Not Provided
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Not Provided
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Study Chair: Novartis Novartis
Novartis
April 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP