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Efficacy of Pioglitazone Compared to Glyburide in Treating Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Mild Cardiac Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00521742
First received: August 25, 2007
Last updated: February 27, 2012
Last verified: February 2012

August 25, 2007
February 27, 2012
March 2001
January 2003   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in the walking distance during a standardized 6-minute walk test. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2, 16, 24, 40, and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Change in walking distance during a standardized 6-minute walk test. [ Time Frame: Week 52 and Final Visit ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00521742 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Morbidity and Mortality Due to Cardiovascular Events. [ Time Frame: At occurrence or Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 36, 40, 48, and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Cardiovascular Treatment Program. [ Time Frame: At occurrence or Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 36, 40, 48, and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from Baseline in 12-lead Electrocardiogram Parameter (Ventricular Heart Rate) [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from Baseline in Electrocardiogram Parameter (Left Ventricular Mass) [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from Baseline in Electrocardiogram Parameter (Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction) [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from Baseline in Electrocardiogram Parameter (Cardiac Index) [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from Baseline in Electrocardiogram Parameter (Fractional Shortening) [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular event(s), change in cardiovascular treatment regimen, change in 12-lead electrocardiogram (ventricular heart rate), and change in echocardiographic parameters (left ventricular mass, left ventricular ejection [ Time Frame: Week 52 and Final Visit ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Efficacy of Pioglitazone Compared to Glyburide in Treating Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Mild Cardiac Disease
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Comparator-Controlled Study of Pioglitazone HCl vs Glyburide in the Treatment of Patients With Type 2 (Non-Insulin-Dependent) Diabetes Mellitus and Mild Cardiac Disease (NYHA I)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cardiovascular effects of pioglitazone, once daily (QD), versus glyburide when administered to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and mild cardiac disease.

Diabetes is a chronic disease involving multiple metabolic defects that include inadequate insulin activity and resultant hyperglycemia. Individuals' differing genetic predisposition, level of physical activity, and age all contribute to variations in the onset and severity of type 2 diabetes. However, progression of this disease typically follows a characteristic pattern that begins as a reduced sensitivity of hepatic and peripheral-tissues to circulating insulin (ie, insulin resistance). The body's decreasing ability to produce adequate insulin to overcome insulin resistance (ie, insulin deficiency due to beta-cell insufficiency) results in impaired glucose tolerance and ultimately overt diabetes. In the United States, an estimated 17 million people have diabetes, with type 2 diabetes occurring in approximately 90% to 95% of cases.

The goal of treating type 2 diabetes is to control blood glucose and thereby prevent long-term complications. Adequate glycemic control is paramount in attempting to avert chronic complications, including blindness, renal dysfunction and resultant dialysis or renal transplantation, neuropathy, and nontraumatic amputations. Intensive glucose management in the early stages of diabetes may help forestall complications.

Pioglitazone is a thiazolidinedione developed by Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd. Glyburide, is an oral antidiabetic agent of the sulfonylurea class. The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the cardiovascular effects of pioglitazone versus glyburide when administered to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and mild cardiac disease

Study participation is anticipated to be approximately 1 year and 2 weeks.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Diabetes Mellitus
  • Drug: Pioglitazone
    Pioglitazone 15 mg to 45 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and glyburide placebo-matching capsules, orally, once daily for up to 52 weeks.
    Other Names:
    • Actos
    • AD4833
  • Drug: Glyburide
    Glyburide 2.5 mg to 15 mg, capsules, orally, once daily and pioglitazone placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily for up to 52 weeks.
  • Drug: Pioglitazone
    Pioglitazone 15 mg or 30 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and glyburide placebo-matching capsules, orally once daily for up to 52 weeks.
    Other Names:
    • Actos
    • AD4833
  • Drug: Glyburide
    Glyburide 5 mg or 10 mg, capsules, orally, once daily and pioglitazone placebo-matching tablets, orally once daily for up to 52 weeks.
  • Experimental: Pioglitazone 15 mg to 45 mg QD
    Intervention: Drug: Pioglitazone
  • Active Comparator: Glyburide 2.5 mg to 15 mg, QD
    Intervention: Drug: Glyburide
  • Experimental: Pioglitazone 15 mg or 30 mg QD
    Intervention: Drug: Pioglitazone
  • Active Comparator: Glyburide 5 mg or 10 mg, QD
    Intervention: Drug: Glyburide
Giles TD, Elkayam U, Bhattacharya M, Perez A, Miller AB. Comparison of pioglitazone vs glyburide in early heart failure: insights from a randomized controlled study of patients with type 2 diabetes and mild cardiac disease. Congest Heart Fail. 2010 May-Jun;16(3):111-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7133.2010.00154.x.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
300
January 2003
January 2003   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria

  • Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active must agree to use adequate contraception, and can neither be pregnant nor lactating from Screening throughout the duration of the study.
  • Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • Naive to oral antidiabetic pharmacologic therapy, who were currently taking sulfonylurea monotherapy, who were currently taking sulfonylurea/metformin combination therapy, or who were currently taking metformin monotherapy.
  • Mild cardiac disease New York Heart Association functional Class I.
  • Participated in dietary counseling.
  • Glycosylated hemoglobin greater than or equal to 7.5% and less than 12% at Screening if naïve to oral antidiabetic pharmacologic therapy or taking metformin monotherapy, or greater than or equal to 6.5% and less than 12% if currently taking sulfonylurea monotherapy or taking ulfonylurea/metformin combination therapy.
  • Stable therapy for cardiovascular dysfunction, defined as no change in therapy for greater than or equal to 4 weeks prior to Randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Within the past 30 days treated with rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, or troglitazone or those previously treated with rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, or troglitazone but discontinued from therapy because of lack of efficacy or clinical or laboratory signs of intolerance.
  • Treated with a sulfonylurea but discontinued for lack of efficacy or clinical or laboratory intolerance.
  • Currently taking insulin or on continuous insulin therapy for control of their diabetes
  • Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus or a history of ketoacidosis.
  • Any other investigational drug during the 30 days prior to Visit 1 or who will receive such a drug during the time-frame of this study.
  • History of chronic alcoholism or drug abuse during the 6 months prior to the study.
  • New York Heart Association functional Class II, III, or IV cardiac disease at Screening, or previous history of Class III or IV.
  • Any of the following:

    • myocardial infarction
    • coronary angioplasty or bypass graft
    • unstable angina pectoris
    • transient ischemic attacks
    • documented cerebrovascular accident. 9. Abdominal, thoracic, or vascular surgery during the 3 months prior to Visit 1.
  • Planned surgical or catheterization intervention within 6 months following Visit 1.
  • Awaiting cardiac transplantation.
  • Intercurrent illness severe enough to require hospitalization during the 3 weeks prior to Visit 1.
  • Body mass index greater than 48 kg/m2 as calculated by [weight (kg)/height (m)2].
  • Anemia having hemoglobin less than 10.5 g per dL for men and 10.0 g per dL for women.
  • Triglyceride level greater than 500 mg per dL.
  • Clinical evidence of active liver disease or alanine transaminase levels greater than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Serum creatinine greater than 2.0 mg per dL for men and 1.8 mg per dL for women or urinalysis protein (albumin) excretion levels greater than 2 plus on Combistix or equivalent and on repeat 24-hour results with greater than 3 g macroproteinuria.
  • Unstable coronary syndromes.
  • Systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mm Hg at Screening.
  • Serious uncontrolled cardiac rhythm disturbances.
  • Symptomatic orthostatic hypotension or systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg.
  • Severe, advanced peripheral vascular disease (limb-threatening ischemia) or claudication resulting in the inability to walk greater than 1 block or to climb 10 stairs without interruption.
  • Lower extremity amputation that would prevent the patient from performing the exercise test.
  • Any other serious disease or condition which might affect life-expectancy or make it difficult to successfully manage and follow the subjects according to the protocol.
  • Unexplained clinically significant findings on chest x-ray.
  • Is required to take or intends to continue taking any disallowed medication, any prescription medication, herbal treatment or over-the counter medication that may interfere with evaluation of the study medication, including:

    • Oral, injected, or inhaled corticosteroids of greater than 2 week duration, or the need for recurrent us of corticosteroids.
    • Prescription niacin
    • Anti-diabetic medications except metformin
    • Cardiovascular medications must remain stable for at least 4 weeks prior to Randomization
    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    • Aspirin greater than 325 mg per day
Both
18 Years to 79 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT00521742
01-00-TL-OPI-520, U1111-1114-1616
Yes
Takeda
Takeda
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
Study Director: VP Clinical Science Strategy Takeda Global Research and Developmnet Center Inc
Takeda
February 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP