Epigenetic Markers in Growth Restricted Human Pregnancies: a Case-controlled Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00510380
First received: August 1, 2007
Last updated: September 18, 2009
Last verified: September 2009

August 1, 2007
September 18, 2009
April 2007
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00510380 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Epigenetic Markers in Growth Restricted Human Pregnancies: a Case-controlled Study
Epigenetic Markets in Growth Restricted Human Pregnancies: A Case- Control Study

This study is carried out to discover if a baby with restricted growth in the womb is subject to specific fetal programming which predisposes to the metabolic syndrome(diabetes,hypertension,heart disease) in adulthood.We have elected to first study this condition in Chinese population in Singapore with the eventual plan of studying all ethnic groups. This is important for understanding the molecular basis of adult-onset disease such as diabetes, identifying children at risk of developing this disease in future and targeting specific strategies for intervention and disease prevention.

Intrauterine fetal programming is effected through epigenetic changes similar to those previously identified in animal studies. The epigenetic markers can be found in growth restricted Chinese pregnancies in the local population.

Fetal growth restriction is associated with accelerated postnatal weight gain and increased obesity risk in later life.International epidemiological data suggest that the phenomenon of fetal programming links poor intrauterine growth to adult disease, primarily type II diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome, conditions increasingly common in Singapore. Suboptimal intrauterine environmental condition s are postulated to affect fetal development through effects on developmental plasticity through epigenetic processes. These effects manifest as poor glucose resistance, insulin resistance, obesity and cardiovascular disease in later life. There is increasing animal data to support this model.

The aim of this study is to determine if epigenetic markers of the metabolic syndrome are present in selected Chinese pregnancies in Singapore.

Hypothesis:

Intrauterine fetal programming is effected through epigenetic changes similar to those previously identified in animal studies. The epigenetic markers can be found in growth restricted Chinese pregnancies in the local population.

Methodology Umbilical cords and cord blood will be collected from twenty unequivocally growth-restricted Chinese pregnancies and twenty appropriately-grown Chinese pregnancies. DNA extracted from these tissues will be subjected to a custom-made DNA methylation array probing for specific changes in 262 candidate genes important to fetal endocrine and metabolic control.

This will be done using either a methylation array or a Sequenorn 2 in the DNA extracts that have been identified through Epigen academic consortium of the Liggins Institute and UK collaborators.

Anthropometric data will be collected from the infants at birth, and subsequently at 3,6,12,18 and 24 months and we will seek differential measures of programming.

Application The discovery of biomarkers indicating shifted developmental trajectories is the most important need in developmental programming research. Birth weight alone is not a valid measure. Biomarkers predictive of later obesity and the metabolic syndrome will be invaluable in formulating preventive strategies for these diseases.

Observational
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample

Babies from Chinese women with single pregnancies

Fetal Growth Retardation
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  • growth-restricted Chinese pregnancies
  • appropriately-grown Chinese pregnancies
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
40
April 2009
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Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Chinese women,
  2. Singleton pregnancies,
  3. fetal growth restriction diagnosed clinically and by ultrasound parameters,
  4. Normally grown fetuses by clinical and ultrasound criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Non-Chinese women
  2. Multiple pregnancies
  3. Co-existing antenatal complications including sever pre-eclampsia
Female
21 Years to 50 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Singapore
 
NCT00510380
SIG/07072
Yes
Chong Yap Seng, National University Hospital, Singapore
National University Hospital, Singapore
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Principal Investigator: Yap Seng Chong, MBBS National University Hospital, Singapore
National University Hospital, Singapore
September 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP