Pulmonary Hypertension, Hypoxia and Sickle Cell Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00495638
First received: June 30, 2007
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: January 2014

June 30, 2007
March 14, 2014
June 2007
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00495638 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Pulmonary Hypertension, Hypoxia and Sickle Cell Disease
Pulmonary Hypertension and the Hypoxic Response in SCD

The study will look at the risk factors for pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs) in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia (SCA) and examine the role of hypoxia (oxygen shortage) in the disease. In patients with SCA, red blood cells become sickle-shaped and tend to form clumps that get stuck in blood vessels, blocking blood flow to the limbs and organs. Blocked blood vessels can cause pain, serious infections, and organ damage. Many patients with SCA also develop pulmonary hypertension.

Children and adolescents with SCA or Chuvash polycythemia (another blood disorder that carries an increased risk for pulmonary hypertension) may be eligible for this study.

Participants undergo the following procedures at the beginning (baseline) and end of the study:

  • History, physical examination and blood tests .
  • Echocardiography (ultrasound study of heart function).
  • Transcranial doppler (brain ultrasound study to measure brain blood flow).
  • Lung function tests.
  • 6-minute walk (measure of the distance covered in 6 minutes of walking).

In addition, patients are followed by telephone or by clinic visits every 6 months for a review of their medical history and medications. A physical examination is also done at 12 months.

The research is designed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD), and to determine the role of the hypoxic response in its pathogenesis. In this regard, proliferative vascular responses mediated by (i) hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-regulated pathways and (ii) nitric oxide (NO)-scavenging will be compared between patients with SCD and patients with Chuvash polycythemia (CP), another hematological disorder characterized by increased risk for PHT. High throughput microarray and genotyping technologies will be employed to identify candidate gene pholymorphisms involved in pathologic responses to hypoxia in SCD and CP patients with and without PHT.

Observational
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  • Chuvash Polycythemia
  • Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Pulmonary Hypertension
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
29
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  • INCLUSION CRITERIA

A. For PAH in children and adolescents with SCD:

Inclusion criteria for all participants:

  1. The informed consent has been signed by the participant, parent or legal guardian as appropriate.
  2. Age of 3 to 20 years.

Inclusion criteria for SCD patients:

  1. Diagnosis of sickle cell disease (electrophoretic HPLC documentation of SS, SC, Sb thalassemia or other major sickling phenotype such as SD, SO-Arab or SLepore is required).
  2. At least three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication of SCD.
  3. Absence of acute infection, pain crisis, or other acute complication of SCD. (Chronic SCD complications such as stuttering priapism, stable chronic pain and leg ulcers are not reasons for exclusion.)

Inclusion criteria for control participants:

  1. Self-described race is African American.
  2. Absence of diagnosis of SCD as defined above and subsequent electrophoretic or HPLC documentation.
  3. Absence of acute infection, injury, surgery or asthmatic episode.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Exclusion criteria for all participants:

  1. Age of less than 3 years or 21 years or more at time of enrollment.
  2. Presence of acute infection, pain crisis, injury, surgery, asthmatic episode or other acute complication.

Exclusion criteria for SCD patients:

  1. Hemoglobin A only phenotype, hemoglobin S trait or hemoglobin C trait.
  2. Less than three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication of SCD.

Exclusion criteria for control participants:

  1. Self-described ethnicity other than African American.
  2. Diagnosis of SCD or electrophoretic or HPLC documentation of major sickling phenotype as described above.

B. Angiogenic and vasomotor responses mediated by HIF-regulated pathways in patients with SCD and CP with and without PAH.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Inclusion criteria for all participants:

  1. The informed consent has been signed by the participant, parent or legal guardian as appropriate.
  2. Age of 3 years or greater.
  3. Absence of acute infection, pain crisis, cerebral vascular accident, thrombosis or other acute complication.

Inclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients with PAH:

  1. Diagnosis of SCD and electrophoretic or HPLC documentation of SS, SC, Sbeta thalassemia or other major sickling phenotype such as SD, SO-Arab or SLepore OR diagnosis of CP and evidence of homozygosity for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine.
  2. At least three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  3. ECHO-determined TRV of 2.5 m/sec or greater.

Inclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients without PAH:

  1. Diagnosis of SCD and electrophoretic or HPLC documentation of SS, SC, Sb thalassemia or other major sickling phenotype such as SD, SO-Arab or SLepore OR diagnosis of CP and evidence of homozygosity for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine.
  2. At least three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  3. ECHO-determined TRV less than 2.5 m/sec.
  4. Matched by age (plus or minus 2 years), sex and ethnicity to a specific patient with SCD and PAH or CP and PAH enrolled for this same study.

Inclusion criteria for control participants:

  1. Absence of diagnosis of SCD as defined above and subsequent electrophoretic documentation.
  2. Absence of diagnosis of CP and subsequent documentation of VHL 598 wildtype.
  3. At least three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for illness or surgery.
  4. Matched by age (plus or minus 2 years) and sex and ethnicity to a specific patient with SCD and PAH or CP and PAH enrolled for this same study.
  5. Absence of diagnosis of PAH, anemia, or polycythemia.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Exclusion criteria for all participants:

  1. Age of less than 3 years.
  2. Presence of a condition associated with secondary PAH other than SCD or CP, such as collagen vascular disease, congenital heart disease, or chronic lung disease.
  3. Presence of acute infection, injury, surgery, asthmatic episode, pain crisis, cerebral vascular accident, thrombosis or other acute complication.

Exclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients with PAH:

  1. Hemoglobin AA only phenotype, hemoglobin S trait, hemoglobin C trait for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine heterozygosity or VHL wildtype.
  2. Less than three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  3. ECHO-determined TRV less than 2.5 m/sec.

Exclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients without PAH:

  1. Hemoglobin AA only phenotype, hemoglobin S trait, hemoglobin C trait OR for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine heterozygosity or VHL wildtype.
  2. Less than three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  3. ECHO-determined TRV greater than or equal to 2.5 m/sec.

Exclusion criteria for control participants:

  1. Diagnosis of SCD or electrophoretic or HPLC evidence of major sickling phenotype as described above OR diagnosis of CP or for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine homozygosity.
  2. ECHO-determined TRV greater than or equal to 2.5 m/sec.

C. High throughput microarray and genotyping technologies to identify candidate gene polymorphisms involved in pathologic responses to hypoxia in SCD and CP patients with PAH.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Inclusion criteria for all participants:

  1. The informed consent has been signed by the participant, parent or legal guardian as appropriate.
  2. Age of 3 years or greater.
  3. Absence of acute infection, pain crisis, cerebral vascular accident, thrombosis or other acute complication.

Inclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients with PAH:

  1. Diagnosis of SCD and electrophoretic or HPLC documentation of SS, SC, Sb thalassemia or other major sickling phenotype such as SD, SO-Arab or SLepore OR diagnosis of CP and evidence of homozygosity for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine.
  2. At least three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  3. ECHO-determined TRV of 2.5 m/sec or greater.

Inclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients without PAH:

  1. Diagnosis of SCD and electrophoretic or HPLC documentation of SS, SC, Sb thalassemia or other major sickling phenotype such as SD, SO-Arab or SLepore OR diagnosis of CP and evidence of homozygosity for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine.
  2. At least three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  3. ECHO-determined TRV less than 2.5 m/sec
  4. Matched by age (plus or minus 2 years), sex and ethnicity to a specific patient with SCD and PAH or CP and PAH enrolled for this same study.

Inclusion criteria for screening for population prevalence of polymorphisms:

  1. Absence of diagnosis of SCD, CP or PAH.
  2. Self-described African-American or Chuvash ethnicity.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Exclusion criteria for all participants:

  1. Age of less than 3 years.
  2. Presence of acute infection, injury, surgery, asthmatic episode, pain crisis, cerebral vascular accident, thrombosis or other acute complication.

Exclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients with PAH:

  1. Hemoglobin AA only phenotype, hemoglobin S trait, hemoglobin C trait OR for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine heterozygosity or VHL wildtype.
  2. Presence of a condition associated with secondary PAH other than SCD or CP, such as collagen vascular disease, congenital heart disease, or chronic lung disease.
  3. Less than three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  4. ECHO-determined TRV less than 2.5 m/sec.

Exclusion criteria for SCD or CP patients without PAH:

  1. Hemoglobin AA only phenotype, hemoglobin S trait, hemoglobin C trait OR for mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau gene at position 598 from cytosine to thymidine heterozygosity or VHL wildtype.
  2. Presence of a condition associated with secondary PAH other than SCD or CP, such as collagen vascular disease, congenital heart disease, or chronic lung disease.
  3. Less than three weeks has elapsed since hospitalization for SCD (acute chest syndrome, pain crisis, infection or other complication) or CP (cerebral vascular accident, thrombotic event or other complication).
  4. ECHO-determined TRV greater than or equal to 2.5 m/sec.

Exclusion criteria for screening for population prevalence of polymorphisms

  1. Diagnosis of SCD, CP or PAH.
  2. Self-described ethnicity other than African-American or Chuvash.
Both
3 Years to 20 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Russian Federation
 
NCT00495638
070181, 07-H-0181
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National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
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Principal Investigator: Caterina P Minniti, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP