Cancer Markers Associated With Occupational Exposure to Trichloroethylene
|First Received Date ICMJE||June 1, 2007|
|Last Updated Date||December 19, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00481611 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Cancer Markers Associated With Occupational Exposure to Trichloroethylene|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Cross-Sectional Study of Occupational Exposure to Trichloroethylene, Chromosomal Aberrations, and Related Biomarkers in Guangdong, China|
Eligibility: Workers exposed to two different levels of exposure to TCE and unexposed workers in Guangdong Province, China.
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is an industrial solvent used in degreasing, dry cleaning, and numerous other medical and industrial processes. It is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant of drinking water and is present in many EPA Superfund sites. TCE is a rodent carcinogen but its carcinogenicity in humans is unclear. There is some evidence for an elevation in liver and kidney cancers and somewhat more convincing evidence of an association with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in epidemiological studies of occupationally exposed cohorts. Overall, the carcinogenicity of TCE and its regulation is a matter of continuing debate despite an extensive database of in vitro and in vivo animal studies and several cohort and case-control studies. IARC categorizes TCE as a probable human carcinogen. In order to address questions about TCE's potential carcinogenicity and mechanism of action in humans, we propose to conduct a cross-sectional study of early biologic effect biomarkers of genotoxicity and immunotoxicity in 45 workers exposed to greater than 25 ppm TCE, 30 workers exposed to 10-25 ppm TCE, and 45 unexposed controls in Guangdong Province, China. We will assess TCE exposure level quantitatively, collect other exposure information through a questionnaire, collect biological samples, and assay a series of biomarkers of susceptibility, intermediate and early biologic effects. Our primary goal is to determine if TCE exposure increases chromosomal aberrations in peripheral lymphocytes, with a secondary goal of determining if TCE alters levels of key cytokines in plasma and changes lymphocyte subset ratios. In addition, our collaborators at UC Berkeley will apply a new generation of cytogenetic and molecular techniques to study TCE's ability to cause specific types of chromosomal aberrations that have been associated with NHL and related hematological malignancies as well as the impact of TCE on mRNA expression and the proteome. The work will compliment previous and ongoing OEEB studies of populations exposed to TCE and has the potential to make an important contribution to what little is known about the early biologic effects of TCE in humans.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||125|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
A total of 45 workers exposed to greater than 25 ppm TCE, 30 workers exposed from 10 to less than 25 ppm TCE, and 45 unexposed workers will be enrolled.
We will identify 45 workers from 3 factories who are exposed to greater than 25 ppm TCE. Our colleagues at the Guangdong NPCC will visit potential study factories and carry out air measurements for TCE, epichlorhydrin, methylene chloride, perchloroethylene and benzene. Factories will be selected that use only TCE for degreasing processes, have minimal co-exposures present in the same part of the workplace where TCE is used, and have used a stable manufacturing process for the past five years.
Workers will be chosen who work in part of the factory with TCE exposure, have worked for at least one year in the factory doing the same job in the same part of the manufacturing process, and have not been exposed to other genotoxic, hematotoxic, or immunotoxic compounds in any workplace. We will enroll 45 controls, who have no history of occupational exposure to TCE or to any other genotoxic, hematotoxic or immunotoxic chemicals.
History of cancer, chemotherapy with DNA-damaging or immunotoxic agents, and medical treatment with ionizing radiation
|Ages||20 Years to 50 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||China|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00481611|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||999906176, 06-C-N176|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||November 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP