Effect of GlucoNorm vs Glyburide on Post-Prandial Hyperglycemia in Elderly Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novo Nordisk A/S
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00451620
First received: March 21, 2007
Last updated: February 17, 2014
Last verified: February 2014

March 21, 2007
February 17, 2014
November 2003
September 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The objective of this study is to determine whether GlucoNorm has a greater effect than Glyburide on insulin levels and postprandial glucose levels in elderly people with type 2 diabetes who are diet controlled. [ Time Frame: 2 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The objective of this study is to determine whether GlucoNorm has a greater effect than Glyburide on insulin levels and postprandial glucose levels in elderly people with type 2 diabetes who are diet controlled.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00451620 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
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Effect of GlucoNorm vs Glyburide on Post-Prandial Hyperglycemia in Elderly Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes
Effect of GlucoNorm vs Glyburide on Post-Prandial Hyperglycemia in Elderly Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

The results from the DECODE Study have shown that postprandial (1 - 2 hours after a meal) hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar) is more common in elderly people with diabetes than younger people with diabetes and is the best predictor of the development of complications. The DECODE Study involved 6941 people who already had diabetes and 702 who did not have diabetes. Diabetes is diagnosed when the blood sugar 1st thing in the morning is over 7.0 mmol/L. The DECODE Study showed that people at risk for diabetes can have a normal blood sugar 1st thing in the morning but have a high blood sugar 2 hours after a meal and that these people are at risk for developing heart disease and other complications of diabetes. These people would not be identified as at risk if only a fasting blood sugar is done. Studies in younger people with diabetes have shown that after a meal, insulin levels are more like a person without diabetes and glucose (blood sugar) levels are lower with GlucoNorm than with Glyburide. There is no data available that demonstrates this in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.

You have been invited to participate in this study because you have type 2 diabetes controlled by diet and/or exercise or metformin only and are over 65 years of age.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether GlucoNorm has a greater effect than Glyburide on insulin levels and glucose (blood sugar) levels after a meal in elderly people with type 2 diabetes who control their diabetes with diet and exercise.

The results from the DECODE Study have shown that postprandial hyperglycemia is more common in elderly people with diabetes than younger people and is the best predictor of mortality and morbidity. Studies in younger people with diabetes have shown that in response to a meal, insulin profiles are more physiologic and glucose levels are lower with GlucoNorm than with Glyburide. There is no data available that demonstrates this in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.

This is a randomized, open-label, cross-over study. Subjects will undergo 2 Standard Meal Tests with Ensure 325 ml separated by 15 - 30 days. Group 1 will receive GlucoNorm 1 mg during the 1st Standard Meal Test and Glyburide 2.5 mg during the 2nd Standard Meal Test. Group 2 will receive Glyburide 2.5 mg during the 1st Standard Meal Test and GlucoNorm 1mg during the 2nd Standard Meal Test.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes
  • Drug: glyburide
    Subjects will undergo 2 Standard Meal Tests with Ensure 325 ml separated by 15 - 30 days. Group 1 will receive GlucoNorm 1 mg during the 1st Standard Meal Test and Glyburide 2.5 mg during the 2nd Standard Meal Test. Group 2 will receive Glyburide 2.5 mg during the 1st Standard Meal Test and GlucoNorm 1mg during the 2nd Standard Meal Test.
  • Drug: GlucoNorm
    Subjects will undergo 2 Standard Meal Tests with Ensure 325 ml separated by 15 - 30 days. Group 1 will receive GlucoNorm 1 mg during the 1st Standard Meal Test and Glyburide 2.5 mg during the 2nd Standard Meal Test. Group 2 will receive Glyburide 2.5 mg during the 1st Standard Meal Test and GlucoNorm 1mg during the 2nd Standard Meal Test.
  • Experimental: 2.
    GlucoNorm
    Intervention: Drug: GlucoNorm
  • Experimental: 1.
    Glyburide
    Intervention: Drug: glyburide
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
30
September 2011
September 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes > 3 months duration
  • Male or female
  • Over 65 years of age
  • Diet controlled only
  • HgbA1C < 8.5%

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin or the likelihood of requiring treatment with these during the study.
  • Anemia - hgb below 130 g/L (males) and below 120 g/L (females).
  • Taking medications that known to interfere with glucose metabolism eg systemic corticosteriods, non-selective beta blockers.
  • Known or suspected allergy to glyburide, sulfa drugs or GlucoNorm impaired liver function, as shown by but not limited to AST and/or ALT > 2x the upper limit of normal.
  • Impaired renal function, as shown by but not limited to serum creatinine > 133 µmol/L (males) or 124 µmol/L (females).
  • Participated in another clinical trial within the past 30 days.
Both
65 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada
 
NCT00451620
H02-70584, H02-70584
No
University of British Columbia
University of British Columbia
Novo Nordisk A/S
Principal Investigator: Graydon Meneilly, MD University of British Columbia
University of British Columbia
February 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP