Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Testing to Improve Cervical Cancer Screening in the Mississippi Delta
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 2, 2007|
|Last Updated Date||December 19, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||January 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00443313 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Testing to Improve Cervical Cancer Screening in the Mississippi Delta|
|Official Title ICMJE||HPV Testing to Improve Cervical Cancer Screening in the Mississippi Delta (Mississippi Delta Project)|
-To determine whether an at-home self-collection method for obtaining cells from the cervix can be a simple, safe and inexpensive way to screen for cervical cancer for women who don't go to the health clinic regularly.
Screening study participants undergo the following:
Colposcopy study participants undergo the following:
Background: Cytology screening programs have effectively reduced cervical cancer incidence and mortality in the U.S. by greater than 75%. However, these programs requiring repeated clinician-administered Pap smears do not adequately cover medically-underserved populations. Based partly on HREB/DCEG etiologic research, we now know that carcinogenic types of human papillomavirus (HPV) cause virtually all cases of cervical cancer. Supported by our translational work with DCP, HPV DNA testing is already approved by the FDA as an adjunctive screening modality to cytology in this country and as a primary screening modality to cytology in this country and as a primary screening modality internationally. A validated screening program of HPV DNA testing of self-collected cervicovaginal specimens would permit wider coverage screening than cytology in the populations underserved by cytology-based testing like the Mississippi Delta region.
Objective: To assess the technical feasibility (i.e. non-inferiority or equivalence to cytology for detection of cervical precancer and cancer) of cervical cancer screening based on self-collection and HPV DNA testing of cervicovaginal specimens from women aged greater than or equal to 30 years old who live in the Mississippi Delta.
Methods: One thousand women will be enrolled during 18 months, including 500 attending colposcopy due to cytologic abnormality, 250 women who regularly attend a screening clinic, and 250 unscreened women who have not had a Pap smear within the last 3 years (according to current screening guidelines) but recruited to attend a screening. Three clinical specimens will be collected from each woman. A cervicovaginal specimen (for HPV testing) and a cervical specimen (for cytology and HPV testing) will be collected from each woman by the physician. At the time of the clinic visit women will be give a kit for self-collection of a second cervicovaginal specimen (for HPV testing) to be returned by mail within two weeks. All three specimens from each woman will be tested by two clinical DNA tests that use pooled-probes for detection of carcinogenic HPV: an FDA-approved signal amplification test (Hybrid Capture 2 from Digene) and a new DNA amplification test (AMPLICOR from Roche) currently in clinical trials. Specimens will also be tested retrospectively by a research PCR asay that detects 37 HPV types, which will help us evaluate the performance of the two clinical HPV tests. Women attending their screening visit who test positive by cytology (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or worse) or for carcinogenic HPV will be referred to colposcopy along with a random sample of HPV negative, cytologic negative women (n equals 100).
Analysis: We will compare the clinical performance of HPV DNA testing of self-collected specimens to that of cytology (at a threshold of atypical squamous cells of unknown significance (ASCUS) or more severe) for detection of histologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) or more severe (greater than or equal to CIN2). Cytology results will be based on standard-of-care cytology screening for women attending the screening visit and repeat cytology for women attending colposcopy. An estimated 150 cases of greater than or equal to CIN2 will be identified. This is an equivalence study, where we wish to reject the null hypothesis that HPV self-testing is greater than 10% less sensitive than cytology. Assuming cytology has a 75% sensitivity for greater than or equal to CIN2, a sample size of 150 subjects has 84% power (alpha=0.05) (one-sided non-inferiority or equivalence test of correlated proportions) to rule out a 10% decrement in sensitivity for self-collection with HPV DNA testing compared with cytology will guide whether the new technique could be broadly introduced for cervical cancer screening.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Condition ICMJE||Uterine Cervical Cancer|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||1000|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Five-hundred women attending colposcopy and 500 women receiving cytology screening, including 250 unscreened women, will be recruited for the study. Non-pregnant, non-hysterectomized women aged 26-65 will be recruited.
Women under 26 or over 65 years of age.
Pregnant women or women having given birth to a child in the past 8 weeks. To insure women included in the study are not pregnant, we will ask women during the consenting process if they are pregnant. Women who answer yes for either query will be excluded. Participants will also receive a reminder call for their 2-week self-collection. At that time, women again will be asked if they are pregnant. If any woman answers yes, she will be instructed to not self-collect.
Women who have had a total hysterectomy.
Women who have an overt cancerous lesion visible upon exam by the clinician.
Other reasons to exclude women include the inability to speak English, the appearance of mental incompetence, or refusal to participate or sign the informed consent form.
|Ages||26 Years to 65 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00443313|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||999907080, 07-C-N080|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||July 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP