Clinical Study of the Effect of Intravenous Galactose on Diabetic Macular Oedema
|First Received Date ICMJE||January 25, 2007|
|Last Updated Date||June 25, 2007|
|Start Date ICMJE||January 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Retinal thickness estimated by the fast protocol of the StratusOCT (0, 2, 4, 8, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 180 min). [ Time Frame: three hours ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Retinal thickness estimated by the fast protocol of the StratusOCT (0, 2, 4, 8, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 180 min).|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00427986 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Side effects during the three-hour examination period, to evaluate if caused by galactose per se or by an increase in intracapillary osmotic pressure. [ Time Frame: Three hours ]|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Side effects during the three-hour examination period, to evaluate if caused by galactose per se or by an increase in intracapillary osmotic pressure.|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Clinical Study of the Effect of Intravenous Galactose on Diabetic Macular Oedema|
|Official Title ICMJE||Diabetic Macular Oedema: Quantification of the Effect of Rising the Intracapillary Osmotic Pressure With Intravenous Galactose on the Retinal Thickness|
The purpose of the present study is to examine, if retinal swelling in diabetic patients can be reduced by an intravenous injection of galactose.
Macular oedema (swelling of the retina) is a leading cause of severe visual loss and blindness in patients with diabetes. The oedema is caused by fluid accumulation in the retinal tissue from leaking capillaries and leads to an increase in the retinal thickness. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has become the primary technique to estimate the retinal thickness objectively, and the scans can be performed without any discomfort to the patient after dilation of the pupils.
According to the Starling equation, a general basic physiologic rule, specific factors influence the fluid transport between the capillaries and the surrounding tissue. One of these factors is the balance between the large molecules within the vessel lumen and the surrounding tissue, e.g. the osmotic pressure balance. By changing the osmotic balance some drugs can reduce the fluid content in the tissue by extracting water from the tissue to the vessel lumen. Such a drug is galactose.
In the present study we examine, if treatment with intravenous galactose can reduce the retinal thickness in diabetic macular oedema evaluated by OCT during a three-hour monitoring. Galactose (0.5 mg/mL) is administered as 1 mL galactose per kg body weight + 10% with a maximum of 80 mL, and injection time is 5 min. If reduction of the thickness with galactose is found, it then confirms the application of the Starling osmotic forces on diabetic macular oedema. In the same time span series of venous blood samples are taken for analysis of plasma osmolarity and electrolytes. The systemic blood pressure is also monitored as well as the capillary glucose level.
As diurnal variations in the retinal thickness estimates potentially can influence the results, the OCT measurements and blood samples are repeated on a second day for each participant, without treatment with galactose for comparison. The order of two visits is given by randomisation.
Interim analysis will take place after inclusion of 15 to 20 patients to evaluate the need for inclusion of 45 patients.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Diabetic Macular Oedema|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Galactose, intravenous|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Terminated|
|Completion Date||March 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Denmark|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00427986|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||Dorte Nellemann, galactose|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen|
|Verification Date||June 2007|
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