Pedestrian Behavior Following Implementation of a Walking School Bus

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Baylor College of Medicine
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00402701
First received: November 21, 2006
Last updated: October 30, 2007
Last verified: October 2007

November 21, 2006
October 30, 2007
November 2004
Not Provided
Proportion of children walking or driven by car to school at one-year [ Time Frame: 1, 6 and 12 months post initiation of intervention ]
Proportion of children walking or driven by car to school at one-year
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00402701 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Pedestrian Behavior Following Implementation of a Walking School Bus
Pedestrian Behavior Following Implementation of a Walking School Bus

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a walking school bus program can increase the number of children walking to school and decrease the number of children driven by car to school.

Walking to school is associated with higher levels of physical activity, which is an objective of Healthy People 2010. However, parents' concerns about safety have been identified as a barrier that prevents their children from walking to school. A walking school bus (WSB) addresses these concerns by providing a supervised period of physical activity on the way to school. A WSB is a group of children led to and from school by responsible adults who walk together along a set route. The peer-reviewed literature on active travel to school is sparse. We evaluated a WSB program, to test the hypothesis that it would increase the proportion of children walking and decrease the proportion of children driven by car to school.

Comparison: We conducted an 18-month controlled, quasi-experimental trial at three public elementary schools in Seattle, Washington. The intervention school was assigned a WSB coordinator who dedicated 10-15 hours/week establishing WSB routes and implementing school activities on pedestrian safety. Each "bus" had its own set route to school from different locations in the surrounding neighborhoods and was staffed by several parent leaders. The two control schools received standard Seattle Public Schools resources on walking to school including "Safe Route Maps," a traffic and safety committee, and school safety patrols. The primary outcomes were the proportions of children who walked with and without an adult or were driven by car to school. We used the test for independent proportions to compare the proportion of children transported to school at the intervention versus control schools.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Obesity
Behavioral: Walking School Bus Program
Schoolwide promotion of walk to school. Facilitation of parent-led walking school bus routes.
  • Experimental: 1
    Students in school with active walk-to-school promotion programs.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Walking School Bus Program
  • No Intervention: 2
    Students in schools with access to standard school district transportation resources.
Mendoza JA, Levinger DD, Johnston BD. Pilot evaluation of a walking school bus program in a low-income, urban community. BMC Public Health. 2009 May 4;9:122.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
735
April 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled in school
  • Present on the day of the survey at one of 3 study schools.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Absent on the day of the survey at one of 3 study schools.
Both
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Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00402701
04-3850-E/A
No
Not Provided
University of Washington
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Principal Investigator: Brian D Johnston, MD MPH University of Washington
University of Washington
October 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP