Perioperative Hemodynamic Optimization in High-Risk Patients Using Less-Invasive Monitoring Methods
Recruitment status was Recruiting
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 11, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||September 11, 2006|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||60 days mortality|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||No Changes Posted|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Perioperative Hemodynamic Optimization in High-Risk Patients Using Less-Invasive Monitoring Methods|
|Official Title ICMJE||Multicenter Randomized Controled Trial of Perioperative Hemodynamic Optimization in High-Risk Patients Using Less-Invasive Monitoringng Methods|
The aim of this study is to evaluate different strategies of hemodynamic optimization in high risk surgical patients during the first twelve postoperative hours in ICU based on a protocol guided by a less invasive monitorig tool (Vigileo®), oriented by a fiberoptic central venous catheter that allows continuous monitorig of SvcO2 (PreSep®), and a pressure transducer (FloTrac®) that allows cardiac output calculation by the standard deviation of mean arterial pressure or a standard resuscitation strategy.
Patients submitted to high risk surgical procedures generally show a hyperdynamic pattern due to the metabolic response after the surgical trauma. This response is fundamentally dependent on their functional reserve and on the treatment. Data from UK show an aged population with 15 to 30% of mortality in the first thirty days after surgery, generally having respiratory or cardiac co-morbidities1. Identification of these patients besides protocol implementation aiming to an appropriate support is the basic strategy to warrant a better outcome in the post-operative period.
Shoemaker has established the definition criteria to high risk patients at the end of the 80’s. Those criteria are accepted until today. He too demonstrated the benefits of hemodynamic optimization in order to achieve “supra-normal” oxygen delivery.
Unfortunately, in the years to come, there was a backlash in this concept due to results of several heterogeneous and misleading studies that cast doubts about the efficacy of that strategy. Heyland, however, observed benefit when the hemodynamic optimization was instituted before the surgery.
In the 90’s, support to high risk surgical patients had a new start, with publication of several studies demonstrating reduction on morbidity, mortality, and hospital and ICU lengths of stay. In a recent metaanalysis of twenty one studies, Kern and Shoemaker concluded that there was mortality reduction when hemodynamic optimization was started early before organ dysfunction has ensued. There was greater benefit in those studies where the control group had a 20% mortality or more and when the therapy achieved differences on oxygen delivery between the control and treatment groups.
Despite the strong evidence favoring hemodynamic optimization, as long as the high risk patients are identified, more studies are necessary to better answer some questions such as: what is the importance of volemic replacement, what is the best solution to be used, and what is the best method for monitoring for the patient response. Catecholamines must be used carefully, despite their theoretic capacity of modulating inflammatory response. It appears that optimization has to be done early in the pre-operative period when organ dysfunction has not ensued yet. We have to discover for how long the optimization has to be maintained during and after the surgery.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Postoperative Care|
|Intervention ICMJE||Procedure: perioperative hemodynamic optimization protocol|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Completion Date||June 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Brazil|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00375271|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||CONEP 12523, 25000.185884/2005-15|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Centro de Estudos Mário César de Rezende|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Centro de Estudos Mário César de Rezende|
|Verification Date||September 2006|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP