Genetic Analysis of Craniosynostosis, Philadelphia Type
|First Received Date ICMJE||August 22, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||December 24, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||January 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00367796 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Genetic Analysis of Craniosynostosis, Philadelphia Type|
|Official Title ICMJE||Genetic Analysis of Craniosynostosis, Philadelphia Type (OMIM 601222)|
This study will try to find the gene changes responsible for the birth defects in craniosynostosis, Philadelphia type. Craniosynostosis syndromes are a group of conditions that result from closure of one or more of the fibrous joints between the bones of the skull before brain growth is complete. Because of the premature closure, the brain is not able to grow in its natural shape; instead, it compensates with growth in areas of the skull where the joints have not yet closed. The defects in raniosynostosis, Philadelphia type, include skull malformations and webbing of the fingers and toes. Gene changes known to be involved in other craniosynostosis syndromes have not been found in the Philadelphia type syndrome. Therefore, finding the genetic basis of this disorder will provide important new information regarding craniofacial and limb development.
This study includes members of a single large family affected with craniosynostosis, Philadelphia type.
Participants have 1 to 2 teaspoons of blood drawn for genetic studies. A second blood sample may be requested for further research. Some blood may be used to establish a cell line for later studies. This involves growing the white blood cells from the blood sample. The cells can be kept in the laboratory to make more DNA or can be frozen for later use in craniosynostosis studies. Patients may also have their medical records reviewed.
The objective of this study is to determine the molecular basis of craniosynostosis, Philadelphia type. Previous studies by our lab have excluded FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3, the causative genes of most hereditary craniosynostosis syndromes. In the five generation kindred previously reported we have conducted a genome-wide linkage analysis. We have identified four regions linked to this disorder, namely on 2q, 12q, 20q and 22q. Interestingly, syndactyly 1A, a phenotypically similar disorder, demonstrates an overlapping linkage region in two studies. Screening of candidate genes in the redion has excluded ten candidate genes, including IHH, IGFBP2 and IGFBP5.
This protocol is primarily for research purposes. Research subjects may receive benefit from knowing that this research may help other families in the future. Results will be discussed with the primary physician who is a trained medical geneticist. We will emphasize that these are only preliminary findings, that they are not CLIA-approved, and must not be disclosed to the patient or included in the medical record. Repeat testing in a CLIA-approved lab would be required before the specific genetic information could be shared with the patient and family.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
This research includes only craniosynostosis Philadelphia type patients and members of a single family who were previously referred to us and other family members who have since displayed interest in participating in this study.
Anyone unwilling to provide informed consent (for themselves as adults, or on behalf of their children as minors) or assent.
Medical condition(s) are not in themselves reason for exclusion if in the judgment of the referring physician this would involve no more than minimal risk.
We generally reviewed a brief clinical description from the referring physician about a potential research subject to determine that the subject was appropriate to enter into the study. We reserved the right to exclude cases that were clearly not related to our direct research interests. For new participants, we will review the clinical description from the referring physician and we reserve the right to exclude cases.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00367796|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||999905072, 05-HG-N072|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||December 2008|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP