Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Efavirenz in HIV-Infected Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00364793
First received: August 15, 2006
Last updated: March 6, 2014
Last verified: March 2014

August 15, 2006
March 6, 2014
February 2007
December 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) and Plasma Concentration 24 Hours Post-dose (Cmin) of EFV at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmax and Cmin were derived from plasma concentrations versus time using a validated liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS). The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for EFV was 10.0 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) and the upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) was 8,000 ng/mL. Cmax and Cmin were recorded directly from experimental observations. Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized using geometric means. Cmax and Cmin were measured in ng/mL.
  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration Time Curve (AUC) Over One Dosing Interval From Time Zero to 24 Hours Post-dose(TAU) at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations were obtained using a validated liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS). The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for EFV was 10.0 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) and the upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) was 8,000 ng/mL. AUC(TAU) was calculated by log- and linear trapezoidal summations. If a concentration was < LLOQ at time TAU, the value of the concentration at time TAU was estimated using the quotient of the last quantifiable concentration and λ. Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters summarized using geometric means. AUC(TAU) was measured in micromolars*time (µM•h).
  • Apparent Oral Clearance (CLT/F) of EFV at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations of EFV were obtained using a validated liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS). The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for EFV was 10.0 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) and the upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) was 8,000 ng/mL. CLT/F was calculated by dividing the dose of EFV by AUC(TAU) of EFV. Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized using geometric means. CLT/F was measured in liters per hour (L/h).
  • Apparent Oral Clearance Adjusted for Body Weight (CLT/F/kg) of EFV at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations of EFV were determined using a validated liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS). The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for EFV was 10.0 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) and the upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) was 8,000 ng/mL. CLT/F/kg was calculated by dividing CLT/F by body weight in kilograms (kg). Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized using geometric means. CLT/F/kg was measured in liters per hour per kilogram (L/h/kg).
Pharmacokinetics of EFV derived from plasma concentrations versus time.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00364793 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • The Number of Participants With Plasma HIV RNA < 400 Copies Per Milliliter (c/mL) at Week 48 as Analyzed by Different Algorithms - All Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Algorithms: Confirmed Virologic Response (CVR) non-completer = failure (NC = F): participants were responders if they achieved confirmed HIV RNA < 400 c/mL at Week 48; participants were failures if virologic rebound occurred at or before Week 48; therapy discontinued before Week 48; no response by Week 48, or missing HIV RNA at Week 48 and beyond. Virologic Response - Observed Cases (VR-OC): participants were responders according to a single on-treatment HIV RNA < 400 c/mL closest to the planned Week 48 visit and within the predefined Week 48 visit window; those on treatment and missing their Week 48 measurement were responders only if previous and subsequent measurements to the Week 48 visit window were < 400 c/mL; denominator was all who remained on treatment through Week 48. Snapshot: participants were responders according to the last on-treatment HIV RNA < 400 c/mL in the predefined Week 48 visit window; denominator was all treated participants.
  • The Number of Participants With Plasma HIV RNA Levels < 50 c/mL at Week 48 as Analyzed by Different Algorithms - All Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Algorithms: Confirmed Virologic Response (CVR) non-completer = failure (NC = F): participants were responders if they achieved confirmed HIV RNA < 50 c/mL at Week 48; participants were failures if virologic rebound occurred at or before Week 48; therapy discontinued before Week 48; no response by Week 48, or missing HIV RNA at Week 48 and beyond. Virologic Response - Observed Cases (VR-OC): participants were responders according to a single on-treatment HIV RNA < 50 c/mL closest to the planned Week 48 visit and within the predefined Week 48 visit window; those on treatment and missing their Week 48 measurement were responders only if previous and subsequent measurements to the Week 48 visit window were < 50 c/mL; denominator was all who remained on treatment through Week 48. Snapshot: participants were responders according to the last on-treatment HIV RNA < 50 c/mL in the predefined Week 48 visit window; denominator was all treated participants.
  • The Number of Participants With Plasma HIV RNA Levels < 400 c/mL at Week 24 as Analyzed by Different Algorithms - All Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Algorithms: Confirmed Virologic Response (CVR) non-completer = failure (NC = F): participants were responders if they achieved confirmed HIV RNA < 400 c/mL at Week 24; participants were failures if virologic rebound occurred at or before Week 24; therapy discontinued before Week 24; no response by Week 24, or missing HIV RNA at Week 24 and beyond. Virologic Response - Observed Cases (VR-OC): participants were responders according to a single on-treatment HIV RNA < 400 c/mL closest to the planned Week 24 visit and within the predefined Week 24 visit window; those on treatment and missing their Week 24 measurement were responders only if previous and subsequent measurements to the Week 24 visit window were < 400 c/mL; denominator was all who remained on treatment through Week 24.
  • The Number of Participants With Plasma HIV RNA Levels < 50 c/mL at Week 24 as Analyzed by Different Algorithms - All Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Algorithms: Confirmed Virologic Response (CVR) non-completer = failure (NC = F): participants were responders if they achieved confirmed HIV RNA < 50 c/mL at Week 24; participants were failures if virologic rebound occurred at or before Week 24; therapy discontinued before Week 24; no response by Week 24, or missing HIV RNA at Week 24 and beyond. Virologic Response - Observed Cases (VR-OC): participants were responders according to a single on-treatment HIV RNA < 50 c/mL closest to the planned Week 24 visit and within the predefined Week 24 visit window; those on treatment and missing their Week 24 measurement were responders only if previous and subsequent measurements to the Week 24 visit window were < 50 c/mL; denominator was all who remained on treatment through Week 24.
  • Log10 c/mL HIV RNA Changes From Baseline Through Week 48 - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV RNA measured as log10 copies per milliliter (c/mL) plasma. HIV RNA values ≥ 1,000 c/mL were considered evidence of infection. A decrease in number of c/mL is an improvement for the participant. HIV RNA was first measured using the ultrasensitive and standard Roche Amplicor PCR, version 1.5, and then the method of measurement was switched to the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV IVD method. The Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • CD4 Cell Count Change From Baseline at Weeks 24 and 48 - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Weeks 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A CD4 cell is an antigenic marker of helper/inducer T cells. These cells were counted during the hematology cell counts performed during a Complete Blood Cell count (CBC) performed by the Central Laboratory. CD4 are measured as number of cells per millimeters to the third power (cells/mm^3). An increase from baseline in the number of CD4 cells is an improvement. The Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • Percent of CD4 Cells Change From Baseline at Weeks 24 and 48 - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Weeks 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A CD4 cell is an antigenic marker of helper/inducer T cells. These cells were counted during the hematology cell counts performed during a Complete Blood Cell count (CBC) performed by the Central Laboratory. CD4 are measured as number of cells per millimeter to the third power (cells/mm^3). Percent of CD4 cells is the number of CD4 cells per total number of cells measured*100. An increase in the percent of CD4 cells is an improvement. The Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • Number of Participants With On-Treatment Adverse Events (AEs), Related Adverse Events, Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Death, Discontinuation Due to Adverse Events, and CDC Class C AIDS Events [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classification of Class C events used to define acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): include pneumocystis pneumonia, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis. AE=new unfavorable symptom, sign, or disease or worsening of a preexisting condition that may not have a causal relationship with treatment. SAE=medical event that at any dose results in death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or drug dependency/abuse; is life-threatening, an important medical event, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or requires or prolongs hospitalization. Treatment-related=having certain, probable, possible, or missing relationship to study drug. AE Severity: Grade (Gr) 1=Mild, Gr 2=Moderate, Gr 3=Severe, Gr 4= Potentially Life-threatening or disabling (Division of AIDs Table, published December 2004). Baseline=within 50 days post screening, prior to start of study drug. 2 categories for death presented (on-treatment and enrolled/not treated).
  • Number of Participants With Liver Function Test Laboratory Abnormalities - Treated Population [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Abnormalities were determined from laboratory measurements analyzed at the central or local laboratory. Division of AIDS Table (DAIDS) for Grading Severity of Adult and Pediatric AEs version (v) Dec 2004. Upper limit of normal (ULN): lower limit of normal (LLN), alanine transaminase (ALT); aspartate aminotransferase (AST); alkaline phosphatase (ALP). ALT Grade (Gr) 1: 1.25 to 2.5*ULN; Gr 2: 2.6 to 5.0*ULN; Gr 3: 5.1 to 10.0*ULN; Gr 4: >10.0*ULN. AST Gr 1: 1.25 to 2.5*ULN; Gr 2: 2.6 to 5.0*ULN; Gr 3: 5.1 to 10.0*ULN; Gr 4: >10.0*ULN. Total bilirubin Gr 1: 1.25 to 1.5*ULN; Gr 2: 1.6 to 2.5*ULN; Gr 3: 2.6 to 5.0*ULN; Gr 4: >5.0*ULN. ALP (U/L) Gr 1: 1.25 to 2.5*ULN, Gr 2: 2.6 to 5.0*ULN, Gr 3: 5.1 to 10.0*ULN, Gr 4: >10.0*ULN. Albumin (low) Gr 1: 3 grams per deciliter (g/dL) to <LLN ; Gr 2: 2.0-2.9 g/dL; Gr 3: < 2 g/dL. Gr 4: Not applicable. Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • Number of Participants With Lipid and Glucose Laboratory Abnormalities - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Abnormalities were determined from measurements analyzed at central or local laboratory. DAIDS Grading Severity of Adult and Pediatric AEs v Dec 2004. Total Cholesterol (fasting) Gr 1: 170 - 199 mg/dL; Gr 2: 200 - 300 mg/dL; Gr 3 >300 mg/dL; Gr 4 Not Applicable(NA). LDL cholesterol, fasting: Gr 1: 110-129 mg/dL; Gr 2: 130-189 mg/dL; Gr 3 >=190 mg/dL; Gr 4 NA. Triglycerides, fasting: Gr 1: NA; Gr 2 500-750 mg/dL; Gr 3: 751-1,200 mg/dL; Gr 4: >1,200 mg/dL. Glucose, serum, high, fasting and (non-fasting): Gr 1: 110 - 125 (116-160) mg/dL; Gr 2: 126-250 (161- 250) mg/dL; Gr 3: 251-500 (251-500) mg/dL; Gr 4: >500 (> 500) mg/dL. Glucose, serum, low, >=1 month of age (<1 month): Gr 1: 55-64 (50-54) mg/dL; Gr 2: 40-54 (40-49) mg/dL; Gr 3: 30-39 (30-39) mg/dL; Gr 4: <30 (<30) mg/dL. Baseline: within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1). Only those in 4th arm were old enough to fast prior to testing; other arms did not have fasting samples taken.
  • Number of Participants With Serum Chemistry Abnormalities - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Central/local laboratory. DAIDS v 2004. Bicarbonate, low: Gr 1: 16 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L) - < LLN; Gr 2: 11.0-15.9 mEq/L; Gr 3: 8.0-10.9 mEq/L; Gr 4: <8.0 mEq/L; calcium, high Gr 1: 10.6-11.5 mg/dL; Gr 2: 11.6-12.5 mg/dL; Gr 3 12.6-13.5 mg/dL; Gr 4: >13.5 mg/dL; calcium, low Gr1: 7.8-8.4 mg/dL; Gr2: 7.0-7.7 mg/dL; Gr3: 6.1-6.9 mg/dL; Gr 4: <6.1 mg/dL; creatinine Gr1: 1.1-1.3*ULN; Gr 2: 1.4-1.8*ULN; Gr 3: 1.9-3.4*ULN; Gr 4: >=3.5*ULN; lipase Gr 1: 1.1-1.5*ULN; Gr 2: 1.6-3.0*ULN; Gr 3: 3.1-5.0*ULN; Gr 4: >5.0*ULN; potassium high (low) Gr 1: 5.6-6.0 (3.0-3.4) mEq/L; Gr 2: 6.1-6.5 (2.5-2.9) mEq/L; Gr 3: 6.6-7.0 (2.0-2.4) mEq/L; Gr 4: >7.0 (<2.0) mEq/L; sodium, high (low) Gr 1: 146-150 (130-135) mEq/L; Gr 2: 151-154 (125-129) mEq/L; Gr 3: 155-159 (121-124) mEq/L; Gr 4: >=160 (<=120) mEq/L; uric acid Gr 1: 7.5-10.0 mg/dL; Gr 2: 10.1-12.0 mg/dL; Gr 3: 12.1-15.0 mg/dL; Gr 4: >15.0 mg/dL. Baseline within 50 days post screening, prior to start of study medication.
  • Number of Participants With Hematologic Abnormalities - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Abnormalities were determined from laboratory measurements analyzed at the central or local laboratory. DAIDS DAIDS Grading Severity of Adult and Pediatric AEs v Dec 2004. Hemoglobin Gr 1: 8.5-10.0 g/dL; Gr 2: 7.5-8.4 g/dL; Gr 3: 6.50-7.4 g/dL; Gr 4: <6.5 g/dL; Platelets, decreased: Gr 1: 100.000-124.999*10^9/L; Gr 2: 50.000-99.999*10^9/L; Gr 3: 25.000-49.999*10^9/L; Gr 4: <25.000*10^9/L; White blood cell count (WBC) decreased Gr 1: 2.000-2.500*10^9/L; Gr 2: 1.500-1.999*10^9/L; Gr 3: 1.000-1.499*10^9/L; Gr 4: <1.000*10^9/L. Baseline visit was within 50 days post screening and was prior to start of study drug (Week 1).
  • Number of Treated Participants With Resistance Associated Genotypic and Phenotypic Changes in Viruses - Participants With Virologic Failure, Lack of Suppression or Viral Load Rebound [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    At baseline, treatment-naïve screened by genotype; treatment-experienced screened by genotype and phenotype. Genotypic resistance: presence of substitutions in reverse transcriptase (RT) gene and/or presence of mutations that confer resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor class. Phenotype resistance: FTC: > 3.1* the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the control strain; EFV: > 3.3* IC50 ; ddI: > 2.6*IC50. Virologic failure: <1 log10 decrease in HIV RNA from Week 16 on; confirmatory HIV RNA within 14-35 days; HIV RNA > 10,000 c/mL with prior value < 400 c/mL; confirmatory HIV RNA 14-35 days. Monogram Biosciences Phenosense™ assay ( EFV and FTC: biologic cutoffs=3 and 3.5, respectively; ddI: clinical cutoff: lower limit=1.39; upper limit = 2.2.); VircoTYPE™ HIV-1 v 4.3.01( EFV, FTC: biologic cutoffs=3.3 and 3.1, respectively;ddI: clinical cutoff: lower limit = 0.9; upper limit = 2.6. No genotypic/phenotypic changes in presence of virologic failure=no resistance.
  • Number of Participants With Acquisition of Resistance to EFV Categorized by AUC Relationship - Evaluable Pharmacokinetic Population [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PK parameters were evaluated 2 weeks post start of dosing. Based on observed AUC, measured in micromoles (μM)*h, dosing was increased, remained the same, or decreased at next visit to achieve the desired AUC (110-380 μM*h). Number of participants who became resistant was categorized by those who required additional dosing after Week 2 (AUC<110 μM*h) and those who did not. AUC: derived from plasma concentration of EFV versus time. Plasma concentrations for determination of AUC were obtained using a validated LC-MS/MS method. LLOQ for EFV = 10.0 ng/mL and ULOQ = 8,000 ng/mL. AUC calculated by log- and linear trapezoidal summations. Genotypic resistance=presence of substitutions in the RT gene and/or presence of mutations that confer resistance to entire nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor class. Phenotypic resistance=EFV: > 3.3* IC50 of control strain. Assays: Monogram Biosciences Phenosense™ GT (EFV biologic cutoff=3) and VircoTYPE™ HIV-1 v 4.3.01( EFV biologic cutoff=3.3).
  • Cmax and Cmin of Didanosine (ddI) at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmax and Cmin were derived from plasma concentration versus time. Plasma concentrations for ddI were determined using a validated LC/MS/MS assay. All reportable Cmin values were <LLOQ in all age groups except >=6 months to < 2 years (Group 2); LLOQ/2 was imputed for those summary statistics;in Group 2, 9 of 10 Cmin values were <LLOQ; LLOQ/2 was imputed for those samples for summary statistics. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for ddI was 2.50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). Cmax and Cmin were recorded directly from experimental observations. Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized using geometric means. Cmax and Cmin were measured in ng/mL.
  • AUC (TAU) of Didanosine (ddI) at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations were obtained using a validated LC-MS/MS at Week 2. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for ddI was 2.50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). AUC(TAU) was calculated by log- and linear trapezoidal summations. If a concentration was < LLOQ at time TAU, the value of the concentration at time TAU was estimated using the quotient of the last quantifiable concentration and λ. Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters summarized using geometric means. AUC(TAU) was measured in nanograms*time per milliliter (ng•h/mL).
  • CLT/F of Didanosine (ddI) at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations for ddI were determined using a validated LC/MS/MS assay. The LLOQ for ddI was 2.50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). CLT/F was calculated by dividing the dose of ddI by AUC(TAU) of ddI. Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized using geometric means. CLT/F was measured in liters per hour (L/h).
  • CLT/F/kg of Didanosine (ddI) at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations for ddI were determined using a validated LC/MS/MS assay. The LLOQ for ddI was 2.50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). CLT/F/kg was calculated by dividing CLT/F by body weight in kilograms (kg). Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized using geometric means. CLT/F/kg was measured in liters per hour per kilogram (L/h/kg).
  • Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T-HALF) in Didanosine (ddI) at Week 2 - Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma concentrations for ddI were determined using a validated LC/MS/MS assay. The LLOQ for ddI was 2.50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). Blood samples were collected before study drug administration and at 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 8, and 24 hours after study drug administration from an indwelling catheter or by direct venipuncture and the T-HALF was summarized using a mean. Terminal elimination plasma half-life=ln2 divided by K where K is the absolute value of the slope of the terminal phase of the plasma profile as determined by log-linear regression of at least three data points. T-HALF was measured in hours (h).
  • The Number of Participants With Plasma HIV RNA Levels < 400 c/mL at Weeks 60, 72, 84 and 96 (Observed Cases) - All Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Virologic Response - Observed Cases (VR-OC): participants were responders at a specific week according to a single on-treatment HIV RNA < 400 c/mL closest to the planned visit and within the predefined visit window; those on treatment and missing their specific week measurement were responders only if previous and subsequent measurements to that week visit window were < 400 c/mL; denominator was all who remained on treatment through the specific week.
  • The Number of Participants With Plasma HIV RNA Levels < 50 c/mL at Weeks 60, 72, 84 and 96 (Observed Cases) - All Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Virologic Response - Observed Cases (VR-OC): participants were responders at a specific week according to a single on-treatment HIV RNA < 50 c/mL closest to the planned visit and within the predefined visit window; those on treatment and missing their specific week measurement were responders only if previous and subsequent measurements to that week visit window were < 50 c/mL; denominator was all who remained on treatment through the specific week.
  • Log10 c/mL HIV RNA Changes From Baseline at Weeks 60, 72, 84 and 96 - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline through Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV RNA measured as log10 copies per milliliter (c/mL) plasma. HIV RNA values ≥ 1,000 c/mL were considered evidence of infection. A decrease in number of c/mL is an improvement for the participant. HIV RNA was first measured using the ultrasensitive and standard Roche Amplicor PCR, version 1.5, and then the method of measurement was switched to the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV IVD method. The Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • CD4 Cell Count Change From Baseline at Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A CD4 cell is an antigenic marker of helper/inducer T cells. These cells were counted during the hematology cell counts performed during a Complete Blood Cell count (CBC) performed by the Central Laboratory. CD4 are measured as number of cells per millimeters to the third power (cells/mm^3). An increase from baseline in the number of CD4 cells is an improvement. The Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • Percent of CD4 Cells Change From Baseline at Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 - Treated Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline to Weeks 60, 72, 84, and 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A CD4 cell is an antigenic marker of helper/inducer T cells. These cells were counted during the hematology cell counts performed during a Complete Blood Cell count (CBC) performed by the Central Laboratory. CD4 are measured as number of cells per millimeter to the third power (cells/mm^3). Percent of CD4 cells is the number of CD4 cells per total number of cells measured*100. An increase in the percent of CD4 cells is an improvement. The Baseline visit was within 50 days after the screening visit and was prior to start of study medication (Week 1).
  • Efficacy as measured by the proportion of subjects with plasma HIV RNA levels <400 copies/mL and <50 copies/mL
  • Safety as measured by the frequency and severity of
  • adverse events
  • treatment-related adverse events
  • serious adverse events
  • discontinuation from study due to adverse events
  • laboratory abnormalities
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Efavirenz in HIV-Infected Children
An Open-label Study of Liquid and Sprinkled Formulations of Efavirenz Administered in Combination With Didanosine and Emtricitabine in HIV-infected Infants and Children 3 Months to 6 Years of Age.

The primary purpose of this study is to find the dose of Efavirenz for young children. The safety and how the medication is tolerated will also be studied.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Efavirenz (EFV) + Didanosine (ddI) + Emtricitabine (FTC)

Oral Solution, Capsules or Tablets, Oral, once daily

Efavirenz (EFV) per weight-based dosing nomogram (max 720 mg)

Didanosine (ddI) 240 mg/m2 (max 400 mg)

Emtricitabine (FTC) 6 mg/kg (max 200 mg)

Where EFV oral solution is commercially available: 48 weeks or until 3rd birthday (whichever is longer);

Where EFV oral solution NOT commercially available: until 7th birthday or until able to swallow EFV capsules (whichever occurs first)

Other Names:
  • Sustiva
  • BMS-561525
  • Experimental: EFV+ddI+FTC in patients >= 3 months to < 6 months
    EFV (efavirenz) was administered in accordance with weight-based dosing nomograms and included one of the following preparations in a once a day (QD) dose: EFV capsules (50 and 200 mg) contents mixed with formula or a small amount of food vehicle, or oral solution (30 mg/mL. In addition, the following 2 drugs were administered: ddI (didanosine) (Pediatric Powder for Oral Solution or capsules of enteric-coated beads): 240 mg/m^2 QD; maximum daily dose of 400 mg and FTC (emtricitabine) (solution or tablets) 6 mg/kg QD; maximum daily dose of 240 mg.
    Intervention: Drug: Efavirenz (EFV) + Didanosine (ddI) + Emtricitabine (FTC)
  • Experimental: EFV+ddI+FTC in patients >=6 months to < 2 years
    EFV (efavirenz) was administered in accordance with weight-based dosing nomograms and included one of the following preparations in a once a day (QD) dose: EFV capsules (50 and 200 mg) contents mixed with formula or a small amount of food vehicle, or oral solution (30 mg/mL. In addition, the following 2 drugs were administered: ddI (didanosine) (Pediatric Powder for Oral Solution or capsules of enteric-coated beads): 240 mg/m^2 QD; maximum daily dose of 400 mg and FTC (emtricitabine) (solution or tablets) 6 mg/kg QD; maximum daily dose of 240 mg.
    Intervention: Drug: Efavirenz (EFV) + Didanosine (ddI) + Emtricitabine (FTC)
  • Experimental: EFV+ddI+FTC in patients >= 2 years to < 3 years
    EFV (efavirenz) was administered in accordance with weight-based dosing nomograms and included one of the following preparations in a once a day (QD) dose: EFV capsules (50 and 200 mg) contents mixed with formula or a small amount of food vehicle, or oral solution (30 mg/mL. In addition, the following 2 drugs were administered: ddI (didanosine) (Pediatric Powder for Oral Solution or capsules of enteric-coated beads): 240 mg/m^2 QD; maximum daily dose of 400 mg and FTC (emtricitabine) (solution or tablets) 6 mg/kg QD; maximum daily dose of 240 mg.
    Intervention: Drug: Efavirenz (EFV) + Didanosine (ddI) + Emtricitabine (FTC)
  • Experimental: EFV+ddI+FTC in patients >= 3 years to <= 6 years
    EFV (efavirenz) was administered in accordance with weight-based dosing nomograms and included one of the following preparations in a once a day (QD) dose: EFV capsules (50 and 200 mg) contents mixed with formula or a small amount of food vehicle, or oral solution (30 mg/mL. In addition, the following 2 drugs were administered: ddI (didanosine) (Pediatric Powder for Oral Solution or capsules of enteric-coated beads): 240 mg/m^2 QD; maximum daily dose of 400 mg and FTC (emtricitabine) (solution or tablets) 6 mg/kg QD; maximum daily dose of 240 mg.
    Intervention: Drug: Efavirenz (EFV) + Didanosine (ddI) + Emtricitabine (FTC)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
56
July 2013
December 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infected; >=3 months of age to <=6 years of age (at time of treatment); screening plasma viral load >=1000 copies/mL

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Genotypic or phenotypic resistance to EFV, ddl, or FTC/lamivudine (3TC) at screening
Both
3 Months to 6 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Argentina,   Colombia,   Mexico,   Panama,   South Africa,   Thailand
 
NCT00364793
AI266-922
No
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Not Provided
Study Director: Bristol-Myers Squibb Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb
March 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP