Studies in Families With Corneal Dystrophy or Other Inherited Corneal Diseases
|First Received Date ICMJE||July 26, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||August 20, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||October 2003|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00357435 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Studies in Families With Corneal Dystrophy or Other Inherited Corneal Diseases|
|Official Title ICMJE||Clinical and Molecular Studies in Families With Corneal Dystrophy or Other Inherited Corneal Diseases|
This study will explore the clinical and hereditary (genetic) features of corneal dystrophy and other inherited corneal disease. Corneal dystrophy is clouding of the cornea - the transparent part of the eye covering the iris and pupil that passes light to the back of the eye. When the cornea becomes cloudy, interfering with the passage of light, vision may be impaired or lost. Corneal problems may occur with vision problems alone, or with other problems, such as changes in facial appearance or bone or joint problems. A better understanding of these genetic conditions may help in the development of better diagnostic tests and methods of disease management.
Patients with corneal dystrophies and related corneal disease and their family members may be eligible for this study. Participants will be drawn from patients enrolled in other studies of corneal dystrophy at the NEI and collaborating clinics.
Participants will undergo the following tests and procedures:
Objective: This project, Clinical and Molecular Studies in Families With Corneal Dystrophy or Other Inherited Corneal Diseases will study the inheritance of corneal dystrophy and other inherited corneal diseases, both Mendelian and complex in order to identify the genes that, when mutated, cause corneal disease and the pathophysiology through which they act.
Study Population: Families of many nationalities and ethnic backgrounds. We will study a maximum or 2,000 patients and family members.
Design: The study consists of ascertaining individuals, and especially families with multiple individuals, affected by corneal dystrophy and other inherited corneal diseases. These patients and their families will undergo detailed ophthalmological examinations to characterize their corneal disease and determine their affectation status. A blood sample will be collected from each individual for isolation of DNA and in some individuals for lymphoblastoid transformation to establish a renewable source of DNA. Linkage analysis, physical mapping, and mutational screening will be carried out to identify the specific the gene and the mutations in it that are associated with corneal disease in this family. If necessary, the gene product will be characterized biochemically. All associate investigators will carry out patient ascertainment, diagnosis, and sample referral, and in some cases molecular genetic analyses. The study will enroll subjects at NEI and collaborating institutions.
Outcome Measures: Linkage will be determined using the lod score method and mutations in specific genes will be assessed using a combination of residue conservation, blosum score, and molecular modeling. Biochemical, metabolic, and physiological effects will be individualized to the specific assay.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||2000|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Individuals or family members of individuals with corneal dystrophies and related corneal diseases.
Adults must be capable of providing their own consent.
All subjects must be able to cooperate with study examination and phlebotomy.
Older than 4 years of age.
Diseases, infections, or trauma that mimic corneal diseases.
Children requiring sedation for study procedures
|Ages||4 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States, China, Italy|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00357435|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||040008, 04-EI-0008|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||August 2014|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP