Family Spirit Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Annie E. Casey Foundation
Ford Foundation
Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
Educational Foundation of America
Information provided by:
Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00356551
First received: July 25, 2006
Last updated: NA
Last verified: June 2006
History: No changes posted

July 25, 2006
July 25, 2006
May 2002
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  • Increase in parent knowledge, measured at baseline, 2 weeks post-partum, 6 months post-partum and 12 months post-partum
  • Increase in parent skills, measured at baseline, 2 weeks post-partum, 6 months post-partum and 12 months post-partum
  • Decrease in parental high-risk behaviors, measured at baseline, 2 weeks post-partum, 6 months post-partum and 12 months post-partum
  • Increase in parental-child involvement, measured at baseline, 2 weeks post-partum, 6 months post-partum and 12 months post-partum
Same as current
No Changes Posted
Not Provided
Not Provided
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Family Spirit Study
Family Strengthening in Native Communities Project

The goals of this study are to evaluate the effects of an in-home parenting education program, called Family Spirit, on parenting knowledge and skills and decreasing alcohol and substance use compared to a breast-feeding education. In addition, we will assess aspects of mother/child interaction.

To evaluate the study, we employed a randomized controlled design using a blocked randomization procedure. In this procedure, single woman and women with a participating father were randomized in equal numbers to the Family Spirit or the breast-feeding education program.

Both treatment and comparison groups were assessed at multiple times. The number of times depended on when the participant was recruited into the program. Women recruited into the program between the study’s start (May 2002) and January 31, 2004 were assessed at four times: 1) The Pre-test occurs after informed consent (occurring at least 16 weeks before the birth of the infant), 2) The Mid-Test at 6-8 weeks after the delivery of the infant, 3) The Post-Test at 6 months post-partum (which is the end of the intervention period), and 4) The 6-month Follow Up Test occurs at 1 year post-partum. Women recruited into the program between Februrary 1, 2004 and March 31, 2004 (the date recruitment ended) were assessed at three times: 1) The Pre-test occurs after informed consent (occurring at least 16 weeks before the birth of the infant), 2) The Mid-Test at 6-8 weeks after the delivery of the infant, and 3) The Post-Test at 6 months post-partum (the end of the intervention period).

FHEs also conducted two instruments specific to child development: the HOME and the ITSEA. The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) was administered at the Post-Test and Follow-Up points (just the post-point for women recruited into the study between February 1, 2004 and March 31, 2004). This measure was an observatory measure completed by FHEs and provided a systematic measurement of the family environment. The Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) was a self-report form completed by parents at their Follow-Up visit (not completed for women recruited into the study between February 1 and March 31, 2004). This measure assessed social-emotional problems and competencies in 12- to 36-month olds. FHEs also administered a Client Satisfaction Scale to mothers in the FSP group who completed their participation in the program. This Scale assessed their satisfaction with the various curricular sections and their FHE.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Substance Abuse
Behavioral: Family Spirit curriculum
Not Provided
Walkup JT, Barlow A, Mullany BC, Pan W, Goklish N, Hasting R, Cowboy B, Fields P, Baker EV, Speakman K, Ginsburg G, Reid R. Randomized controlled trial of a paraprofessional-delivered in-home intervention for young reservation-based American Indian mothers. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 Jun;48(6):591-601.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
320
September 2005
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Native American pregnant teens or young women ages 12-22 years old at the time of conception.
  • Women ages 20-22 years at the time of conception must be pregnant for the first time.
  • Partners of pregnant teens must be between the ages of 12-24.
  • Pregnant <28 weeks gestation and able to meet the requirements for completing the program in a timely way.
  • An enrolled tribal member.
  • Reside in the Reservation Service Unit Catchment Area and within 60 mile of the Indian Health Service Unit Headquarters.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe mental illness - schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, incapacitating depression, or Substance abuse/dependence in need of intensive and specific treatment
  • Active legal problems – subjects will not be enrolled if they are incarcerated or if program participation has been made a condition of parole
  • Ongoing social service involvement for abuse and neglect
Both
12 Years to 24 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00356551
1 UDI SPO9588
Not Provided
Not Provided
Johns Hopkins University
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
  • Annie E. Casey Foundation
  • Ford Foundation
  • Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
  • Educational Foundation of America
Principal Investigator: John Walkup, MD Johns Hopkins University
Study Director: Allison Barlow, MA, MPH Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health
Johns Hopkins University
June 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP