Fat Cell Size in Insulin Resistance
|First Received Date ICMJE||June 19, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||December 19, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||September 2003|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00341406 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Fat Cell Size in Insulin Resistance|
|Official Title ICMJE||Adipose Cell Size In Human Insulin Resistance|
This study, conducted at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, will examine how insulin metabolism and cardiovascular risk are altered in response to weight loss. Insulin is a natural hormone that causes cells to remove glucose (sugar) from the blood. People who are insulin-sensitive remove glucose efficiently. People who are insulin-resistant require more insulin to remove glucose from the blood.
Adult volunteers will be recruited for this study through advertisements in local newspapers in communities around Stanford University.
Participants will undergo the following tests and procedures:
In addition to these procedures, patients may be asked to have a fat cell biopsy. This is done to determine whether insulin-resistant people have fewer fat cells but more fat per cell than insulin-sensitive people. For this test, a small piece of fat tissue is surgically removed, under local anesthetic, from an area of the lower abdomen. With the participant's consent, genetic testing may be done on the fat tissue sample to look for genes that may link central obesity to insulin resistance.
Some participants may be asked to be followed for an additional 3 months after completion of the study for a continued weight loss program. The follow-up includes weekly visits for weight measurements and a review of food records.
Little is known about the turnover of adipose cells in the fat depots of normal animals and human subjects. However, microarray analysis of adipose cell gene expression in high risk insulin-resistant human subjects suggests that a reduced rate of adipose cell turnover is associated with enhanced adipose cell size and systemic insulin resistance. New technology now permits a detailed analysis of adipose cell size including the detection of smaller cells which may be in the process of active differentiation. We propose to examine the relationship between adipose cell size distribution and systemic insulin resistance in obese human subjects. Adipose tissue biopsies will be obtained at Stanford University under protocols and consent forms approved by the Stanford University IRB. Only procedures already being performed on subjects under these protocols will be used.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Without regard to gender, race, or socioeconomic status, all subjects will be adult men and women. The racial/ethnic composition of the study population will be reflective of the communities surrounding Stanford University. Subjects will be recruited through placement of advertisements in local newspapers, but no subjects will be seen at NIH.
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00341406|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||999903290, 03-DK-N290|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||November 2012|
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