Randomized Trial of the Positive Action Program in Hawaii Schools

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified May 2006 by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: May 19, 2006
Last updated: NA
Last verified: May 2006
History: No changes posted

May 19, 2006
May 19, 2006
April 2001
Not Provided
  • Self-reported behaviors
  • Teacher reports of behaviors
  • Parent reports of student behaviors
Same as current
No Changes Posted
  • Scores on attitudinal measures
  • Scores on academic achievement tests
  • School-level reports of disciplinary referrals
  • School-level scores on standardized achievement tests
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Randomized Trial of the Positive Action Program in Hawaii Schools
The Positive Action Program: Outcomes and Mediators

The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the Positive Action program on reducing negative behaviors, increasing positive behaviors and improving academic achievement of elementary school students.

This project will: 1) evaluate the efficacy of a comprehensive, multi-grade, multi-year program, the Positive Action program (PA) designed to reduce student problem behaviors (including drug use and violence), disciplinary referrals and suspensions, and academic underachievement; 2) evaluate the effects of the program on the presumed/theoretical mediator variables; and 3) assess which of these changes in mediator variables actually mediate the effects of the program on behavior and school performance. The Hawaiian school district has agreed to implement a randomized trial of the PA program. We randomly assigned schools to PA or control conditions from strata matched on multiple indicators of risk. PA schools will receive the full PA program for four years (the 2002-03 through 2005-06 school years). This includes all materials for all students (at all grades), families, teachers, and principal, plus community kits; training for teachers and other interested staff; and continuous technical support and monitoring by a PA staff person. Data on behavior and academic achievement will be obtained from school archival records for all students for all years and, where appropriate for several years prior to the study. Students in grades 1 and 3 in the 2001-02 school year and their parents and teachers will also be followed through the project with surveys every year. The subject population will contain equal portions of males and females, and proportionate numbers of the major ethnic groups on Oahu (Hawaiian or part-Hawaiian, white, Asian, Other). Analyses will test for program effects on all hypothesized mediating variables and outcomes, and the hypothesized mediational pathways.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Character
  • Violence
  • Substance Use
  • Pro-Social Behavior
  • Academic Achievement
Behavioral: The Positive Action program
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Active, not recruiting
June 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Public elementary schools K-5 or K-6
  • All students in the study cohorts

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Schools performing in top 50%
6 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Brian R Flay, D.Phil. Oregon State University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
May 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP