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Randomized Trial of the Positive Action Program in Hawaii Schools

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian Flay, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00328445
First received: May 19, 2006
Last updated: September 23, 2014
Last verified: September 2014

May 19, 2006
September 23, 2014
April 2001
June 2006   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Self-reported attitudes and behaviors [ Time Frame: 2001-2006 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Teacher reports of behaviors [ Time Frame: 2001-2006 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Parent reports of student behaviors [ Time Frame: 2001-2006 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Self-reported behaviors
  • Teacher reports of behaviors
  • Parent reports of student behaviors
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00328445 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • School-level academic achievement test scores [ Time Frame: 2000-2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • School-level reports of disciplinary referrals [ Time Frame: 2000-2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • School-level reports of school quality [ Time Frame: 2000-2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Scores on attitudinal measures
  • Scores on academic achievement tests
  • School-level reports of disciplinary referrals
  • School-level scores on standardized achievement tests
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Randomized Trial of the Positive Action Program in Hawaii Schools
The Positive Action Program: Outcomes and Mediators

The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the Positive Action program on reducing negative behaviors, increasing positive behaviors and improving academic achievement of elementary school students.

This project will: 1) evaluate the efficacy of a comprehensive, multi-grade, multi-year program, the Positive Action program (PA) designed to reduce student problem behaviors (including drug use and violence), disciplinary referrals and suspensions, and academic underachievement; 2) evaluate the effects of the program on the presumed/theoretical mediator variables; and 3) assess which of these changes in mediator variables actually mediate the effects of the program on behavior and school performance. The Hawaiian school district has agreed to implement a randomized trial of the PA program. We randomly assigned schools to PA or control conditions from strata matched on multiple indicators of risk. PA schools will receive the full PA program for four years (the 2002-03 through 2005-06 school years). This includes all materials for all students (at all grades), families, teachers, and principal, plus community kits; training for teachers and other interested staff; and continuous technical support and monitoring by a PA staff person. Data on behavior and academic achievement will be obtained from school archival records for all students for all years and, where appropriate for several years prior to the study. Students in grades 1 and 3 in the 2001-02 school year and their parents and teachers will also be followed through the project with surveys every year. The subject population will contain equal portions of males and females, and proportionate numbers of the major ethnic groups on Oahu (Hawaiian or part-Hawaiian, white, Asian, Other). Analyses will test for program effects on all hypothesized mediating variables and outcomes, and the hypothesized mediational pathways.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Character
  • Violence
  • Substance Use
  • Pro-social Behavior
  • Academic Achievement
Behavioral: Positive Action
See publications
  • No Intervention: Control
    Business as usual
  • Experimental: Treatment
    Positive Action
    Intervention: Behavioral: Positive Action

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
2500
June 2006
June 2006   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Public elementary schools K-5 or K-6
  • All students in the study cohorts

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Schools performing in top 50%
Both
6 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00328445
R01-DA13474
Yes
Brian Flay, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Brian R Flay, D.Phil. Oregon State University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
September 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP