Gemcitabine and Carboplatin With or Without AZD2171 as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00326599
First received: May 16, 2006
Last updated: December 28, 2012
Last verified: December 2008

May 16, 2006
December 28, 2012
June 2007
April 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Confirmed tumor response on 2 consecutive evaluations ≥ 4 weeks apart [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00326599 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Progression-free survival rate at 6 months after randomization [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to disease progression [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to treatment failure [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival at 1 year after randomization [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Gemcitabine and Carboplatin With or Without AZD2171 as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
A Randomized Phase II Study of Gemcitabine and Carboplatin With or Without AZD2171 as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. AZD2171 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving gemcitabine and carboplatin together with AZD2171 may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well giving gemcitabine and carboplatin together with AZD2171 works compared to giving gemcitabine and carboplatin without AZD2171 as first-line therapy in treating patients with stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Assess the objective tumor response rate in patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, and AZD2171 as first-line therapy.

Secondary

  • Compare the proportion of patients who are progression-free at 6 months after treatment with gemcitabine hydrochloride and carboplatin with vs without AZD2171.
  • Compare the duration of response for responding patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the time-to-progression and time-to-treatment failure.
  • Compare the 1-year overall survival.
  • Compare the clinical toxicities.
  • Assess the safety and tolerability of these regimens in these patients.

Tertiary

  • Collect blood and tumor specimens for future evaluation of pharmacogenetic and proteomic markers of tumor response and toxicity to therapy with these agents.
  • Bank paraffin-embedded tissue blocks/slides and blood samples for future histochemistry evaluation and DNA extraction.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior adjuvant therapy (yes vs no) and ECOG performance status (0 vs 1). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8, carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1, and oral AZD2171 once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses. Patients achieving stable disease, partial response, or complete response after 6 courses of therapy receive AZD2171 alone as above. Treatment with AZD2171 repeats every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine and carboplatin as in arm I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo blood collection periodically during study for pharmacologic correlative studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 102 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lung Cancer
  • Drug: carboplatin
    Given IV
  • Drug: cediranib maleate
    Given orally
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
    Given IV
  • Experimental: Arm I
    Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8, carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1, and oral AZD2171 once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses. Patients achieving stable disease, partial response, or complete response after 6 courses of therapy receive AZD2171 alone as above. Treatment with AZD2171 repeats every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Drug: cediranib maleate
    • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
  • Active Comparator: Arm II
    Patients receive gemcitabine and carboplatin as in arm I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
102
Not Provided
April 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

    • Squamous cell histology allowed
    • No mixed histology with small cell component
  • Stage IIIB (with pleural effusion) or stage IV disease

    • Presence of peritoneal or pericardial effusion alone in the absence of cytologic evidence is not allowed
  • Measurable disease, defined as ≥ 1 lesion with longest diameter ≥ 2.0 cm by conventional techniques OR ≥ 1.0 cm by spiral CT scan

    • If the only site of measurable disease was previously irradiated, progressive disease must be evident
  • Ineligible for bevacizumab therapy
  • No symptomatic, untreated, or uncontrolled CNS metastases

    • CNS metastases treated with whole-brain radiation (WBRT) allowed 4 weeks after completion of WBRT

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin ≤ 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT and AST ≤ 3 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver involvement)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective nonhormonal contraception
  • No proteinuria ≥ 1+
  • No uncontrolled blood pressure (BP), defined as systolic BP > 150 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP > 100 mm Hg in spite of adequate antihypertensive therapy
  • No impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of AZD2171 (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection)
  • No seizure disorder
  • No significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • No second primary malignancy except any of the following:

    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    • Nonmelanoma skin cancer
    • Prior malignancy diagnosed and definitively treated ≥ 5 years ago with no subsequent evidence of recurrence
    • History of low-grade (Gleason score ≤ 6) localized prostate cancer even if diagnosed < 5 years prior to registration
    • Treated stage I breast cancer ≤ 5 years prior to registration
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Significant pulmonary symptoms at baseline due to disease
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements
    • Baseline hemoptysis
    • Cavitating lesions
  • No QTc prolongation > 500 msec or other significant ECG abnormality within the past 14 days
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior chemotherapy for advanced lung cancer

    • Neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy for lung cancer within the past 12 months allowed
  • More than 12 months since prior immunotherapy and biologic therapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy (2 weeks for palliative radiotherapy to skeletal metastases)
  • At least 2 weeks since prior WBRT
  • No radiotherapy to ≥ 25% of bone marrow
  • No major surgery (i.e., laparotomy) or open biopsy within 4 weeks prior to study entry (2 weeks for minor surgery)

    • Insertion of a vascular access device not considered major or minor surgery
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent grapefruit or grapefruit juice during AZD2171 treatment
  • No concurrent drugs or biologics with proarrhythmic potential
  • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy to nontarget sites (i.e., painful pre-existing bony metastasis) allowed with AZD2171 (chemotherapy is held until completion of radiotherapy)
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00326599
CDR0000468945, NCCTG-N0528
Not Provided
Jan C. Buckner, North Central Cancer Treatment Group
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Alex A. Adjei, MD, PhD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Investigator: Donald W. Northfelt, MD, FACP Mayo Clinic
Investigator: Grace K. Dy, MD Mayo Clinic
Investigator: Debabrata Mukhopadhyay, PhD Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
December 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP