Combination Daclizumab/Denileukin Diftitox to Treat Uveitis
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 16, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||February 24, 2007|
|Start Date ICMJE||May 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00326508 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Combination Daclizumab/Denileukin Diftitox to Treat Uveitis|
|Official Title ICMJE||Combination Daclizumab/Denileukin Diftitox (Ontak) Therapy for the Induction of Immune Tolerance in Non-Infectious Intermediate and Posterior Uveitis|
This study will determine whether treatment with a combination of the drugs daclizumab and denileukin diftitox can eliminate the need for long-term daclizumab treatment in adult patients with uveitis. Denileukin diftitox kills white blood cells called lymphocytes that cause inflammation and may be the cause of uveitis.
Patients 18 years of age and older with uveitis in one or both eyes who are on daclizumab therapy and have not had a disease flareup in 6 months may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history, physical examination, eye examination (including vision test, examination of the front of the eye, and pupil dilation for examination of the retina at the back of the eye), blood tests and a questionnaire about their vision and daily activities.
After screening, participants undergo the following procedures:
We propose to investigate the possible efficacy of combination daclizumab and denileukin diftitox therapy to induce peripheral immune tolerance in participants presenting with non-infectious intermediate and posterior uveitis. This will be performed using a Phase I/II pilot study. Subjects whose disease is controlled on daclizumab therapy will have their daclizumab-dosing interval progressively increased by one-week increments. If and when they experience signs or symptoms of an ocular flare, they will be treated with denileukin diftitox, 24 hours after which they will receive their usual dose of daclizumab. Participants may receive up to 12 such cycles of daclizumab/denileukin diftitox therapy. When the daclizumab-dosing interval is 10 weeks long or less than 10% of their CD4 T cell CD25 is occupied by daclizumab, therapy will be discontinued. Following discontinuation of daclizumab patients will be followed for recurrence of ocular disease. Failure to reach this study point after 12 cycles or disease recurrence following discontinuation of therapy will constitute a study failure. The primary outcome will be the ability of the participant to be successfully tapered off daclizumab while their disease remains quiet (vitreous haze less than or equal to Trace) at week 104 while receiving no concomitant systemic immunosuppressive medications.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Condition ICMJE||Non-Infectious Intermediate and Posterior Uveitis|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Daclizumab|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Herve P, Wijdenes J, Bergerat JP, Bordigoni P, Milpied N, Cahn JY, Clement C, Beliard R, Morel-Fourrier B, Racadot E, et al. Treatment of corticosteroid resistant acute graft-versus-host disease by in vivo administration of anti-interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibody (B-B10) Blood. 1990 Feb 15;75(4):1017-23.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||December 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
To be eligible to enroll in this study, a prospective participant must satisfy the following inclusion criteria.
To be eligible to enroll in this study, a prospective participant must not satisfy any of the following exclusion criteria.
|Ages||18 Years to 65 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00326508|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||060066, 06-EI-0066|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||December 2006|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP