Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Imaging in People With Gaucher Mutations
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 11, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||February 19, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||March 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00302146 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Imaging in People With Gaucher Mutations|
|Official Title ICMJE||Functional Imaging in Subjects With Glucocerebrosidase Mutations|
This study will use positron emission tomography (PET) to compare how people with Gaucher disease or Gaucher disease carriers with parkinsonism, and their family members, use dopamine in their brains in comparison with healthy normal volunteers and people who have Parkinson disease. PET assesses organ function by measuring metabolism. In this study, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used in conjunction with PET to help better interpret and understand the information gleaned from PET.
People 21 years of age and older with the following conditions may be eligible for this study:
Participants undergo the following tests and procedures:
An association between Gaucher disease and parkinsonism has been demonstrated by the concurrence of parkinsonian manifestations in patients with Gaucher disease and an increased incidence of glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutations in subjects with parkinsonism of various ethnicities. Furthermore, there is a significant number of obligate and confirmed Gaucher carriers with parkinsonian manifestations. Thus, alterations in GBA appear to be a more common risk factor than previously thought for the development of sporadic Parkinson disease and related disorders. However, in affected and at-risk individuals, the identification and characterization of early parkinsonian manifestations, and the rate of progression of symptoms have not been studied objectively. We propose an in-vivo study that will employ multiple imaging modalities to better define the phenotype in GBA-associated parkinsonism, follow disease progression, and identify at-risk individuals. The subjects include patients with Gaucher disease and Gaucher carriers with parkinsonian manifestations, and clinically unaffected but at-risk individuals carrying GBA mutations, and have/ a first degree relative with parkinsonism. The control groups consist of individuals with Gaucher disease but no parkinsonian symptoms, relatives of probands without GBA mutations, PD patients without GBA mutations, and healthy volunteers. Positron emission tomography (PET) with 6-[F-18] Fluoro-L-Dopa (6FD) will be used to evaluate presynaptic dopaminergic function, where 6FD uptake in putamen and striatum will be employed as a measure of neuronal structural integrity in substantia nigra. Each subject will be screened with an MRI to rule-out anatomic brain abnormalities, and to further delineate areas of interest in the PET scans. Subjects will also undergo transcranial ultrasonography (TCS) to assess the substantia nigra non-invasively. The results of both the PET scans and TCS will be kept confidential, and will not be communicated to the individuals or families involved in the study. In addition to the imaging studies, all patients will undergo a physical and neurological examination, neurocognitive evaluation, and olfactory testing.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||200|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
The study will include adult subjects age 21 or older carrying GBA mutations. The two major study groups will include subjects with parkinsonism and unaffected subjedcts yet at risk with a first degree family member with parkinsonism.
Controls will include subjects without GBA mutations, with sporadic PD and healthy volunteers who do not have a family history of parkinsonism or Gaucher disease.
Healthy Volunteers and Control subjects will be matched for age, gender and handedness for statistical purposes.
The subjects excluded from the study are those:
|Ages||21 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00302146|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||060055, 06-HG-0055|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||April 2013|
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