Reducing HIV & Domestic Violence Risk in Women Offenders

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Oregon Department of Human Services
Information provided by:
Multnomah County Health Department
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00289939
First received: February 9, 2006
Last updated: February 27, 2006
Last verified: July 2005

February 9, 2006
February 27, 2006
September 2000
Not Provided
  • unprotected sex
  • injection drug use
  • intimate partner violence
  • violence from others
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00289939 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • self-esteem
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • housing stability
  • employment
  • education
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Reducing HIV & Domestic Violence Risk in Women Offenders
Reducing HIV & Domestic Violence Risk in Women Offenders

The long-term goal of this work is to reduce the prevalence of HIV and domestic violence among women at risk by encouraging self-protective behaviors. To obtain this goal, Multnomah County Health Department and Oregon Department of Human Services have conducted a randomized trial of an intervention to prevent HIV and domestic violence among women who have recent criminal justice involvement and who are at risk for HIV infection.

Women enrolled in the study were randomly assigned to one of three study conditions:

  • Group 1: these women received information on local resources addressing HIV prevention, domestic violence, and life stability issues; they did not receive any counseling sessions as part of the study itself.
  • Group 2: these women received up to ten supportive counseling sessions based on the techniques of motivational interviewing. These sessions aimed to reduce HIV risk and to improve life stability.
  • Group 3: these women received up to ten supportive counseling sessions based on motivational interviewing. These sessions aimed to reduce risk for HIV and domestic violence and to improve life stability.

The primary hypotheses of this study were:

  • 1. Supportive counseling (motivational interviewing) addressing HIV prevention and increased life stability will lead to reductions of HIV risk behavior among women enrolled in the study.
  • 2. Supportive counseling (motivational interviewing) addressing domestic violence prevention, HIV prevention, and increased life stability, will bring about reductions in experiences of domestic violence and a reduction of HIV risk among these women.
  • 3. The supportive counseling received in this study will enhance these women's self-efficacy, self-esteem, and psychological well-being.

Women in all three experimental groups were interviewed at the beginning of the study and again after 4, 7, and 10 months. These assessment interviews asked questions about: HIV risk; experiences of domestic violence; and life stability issues such as education, employment, and housing; and included biological testing for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. Women in Group 2 and Group 3 participated in up to 10 sessions of supportive counseling (motivational interviewing) between the time of enrollment and the 4-month interviews.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV Infections
  • Domestic Violence
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Behavioral: Motivational interviewing to reduce risk for HIV and DV
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
530
January 2005
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • women
  • who were 18 years or older
  • who had been in jail or prison in the past year or who were currently on parole or probation
  • who had engaged in HIV-related risk behaviors (injection drug use, crack use, intercourse with a male injection drug user, exchanging sex, or having had ten or more sexual partners) in the past year

Exclusion Criteria: Women were excluded from the study if:

  • they were unable to give informed consent
  • they were HIV positive at the time of screening for enrollment
  • they reported highly unstable living conditions at screening
Female
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00289939
R01 DA012572
Not Provided
Not Provided
Multnomah County Health Department
Oregon Department of Human Services
Principal Investigator: Michael J. Stark, Ph.D. Multnomah County Health Department
Multnomah County Health Department
July 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP