A Primary Care Behavioral Approach for Addressing Childhood Overweight

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anne Lang Dunlop, MD, MPH, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00284557
First received: January 30, 2006
Last updated: June 29, 2012
Last verified: June 2012

January 30, 2006
June 29, 2012
January 2006
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • BMI Z-score(for Gender and Age)at 6-months [ Time Frame: 6-months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The body mass index (BMI) for a given age (in years and monthys) and gender (male or female) converted to an exact z-score.
  • BMI Z-score(for Gender and Age)at 12-months [ Time Frame: 12-months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The body mass index (BMI) for a given age (in years and monthys) and gender (male or female) converted to an exact z-score.
BMI percentile (for gender and age)at 12 months
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00284557 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Change in Eating Behaviors (Consumption of WHOA Foods), Physical Activity, and "Screen Time" [ Time Frame: 6- and 12-months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Change in key eating and activity behaviors at 12 months
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Primary Care Behavioral Approach for Addressing Childhood Overweight
Evaluation of a Primary Care-Based Behavioral Intervention for Improving Physical Activity and Nutrition Behaviors Among High-Risk African-American Youth

The purpose of this study is to determine whether participation in a group-based health education curriculum is superior to receipt of standardized health educational materials for children who are overweight or at risk for overweight with regard to achievement of a healthier body weight and improvement of key eating and physical activity behaviors.

In the United States, childhood obesity has tripled since 1970 such that 15% of those 6 to 19 years of age are obese, with higher observed prevalences for African-American and Hispanic children. Childhood obesity has significant short- and long-term health consequences. To avoid future morbidity, children who are obese or at risk for obesity must be identified and treated at an early stage. The primary care setting, where most children receive health care and where BMI should be tracked, may represent an early opportunity for identifying and treating childhood obesity. However, translational research is needed to test whether existing strategies for childhood obesity can be adapted for delivery via the primary care setting

The ultimate purpose of this work is to help overweight children, particularly those who are African-American, optimize their lifespan and quality of health through achievement of a healthier body mass index (BMI). Specific aims are to perform outcome and process evaluations to determine whether the intervention results in improvement in BMI percentile or habitual healthy eating and physical activity behaviors, and whether the intervention is feasible. The outcome evaluation component involves a randomized controlled trial, in which overweight children (BMI for age percentile >=95th) and children at risk for overweight (BMI for age percentile 85-94th)together with a parent/caregiver receive the primary care-based intervention or health education materials only. The intervention will focus on four main behavioral changes: decreasing consumption of key calorie-dense foods, increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables to ≥ 5 a day, reducing targeted sedentary behaviors to < 15 hrs per week, and increasing moderate and vigorous physical activity to 60 minutes or more daily. We will assess change in BMI percentile, number of servings of calorie-dense foods daily, and percent of time spent in sedentary and physical activities at 6-, 12-, and 18-months using mixed-model ANCOVA for repeated measures.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Obesity
Behavioral: Group-based behavioral intervention
The group-based behavioral intervention targets eating behaviors, physical activity, and "screen time", and is delivered to participating children and their parent/caregiver over the course of 4 weeks. Maintenance sessions occur every 3 months thereafter.
  • Experimental: Group-based behavioral intervention
    The group-based behavioral intervention targets eating behaviors, physical activity, and "screen time", and is delivered to participating children and their parent/caregiver over the course of 4 weeks. Maintenance sessions occur every 3 months thereafter.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Group-based behavioral intervention
  • Active Comparator: Health education materials only
    Those allocated to Group 2 were provided with a standardized packet of health education materials addressing the recommended items from the expert committee guidelines (e.g., dietary recommendations using the Food Guide Pyramid and the Traffic Light Diet, a general prescription to increase physical activity to 60 minutes daily). They were also given a community resource list that provides contact and program information for community-based obesity treatment activities in their area.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Group-based behavioral intervention
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
130
July 2010
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion criteria included that the child must be:

  1. Obese (BMI ≥ 95th percentile for age and gender) or at-risk for obesity (85th ≥ BMI > 95th percentile for age and gender);
  2. African-American by parent report;
  3. 7-11 years of age;
  4. Without any medical or psychological condition that would make weight loss or physical activity dangerous, or psychological disorders that would make adoption of health behaviors difficult;
  5. Without any complications of obesity that indicate prompt referral to a pediatric obesity treatment center for more aggressive weight loss therapy;
  6. Together with the parent/caregiver indicate that they are ready to make changes in their eating and physical activity behaviors;
  7. Have a parent/caregiver willing to participate.

Exclusion Criteria:

As noted above, to participate in this study the child must not have a medical or psychological condition that would make weight loss or physical activity dangerous, psychological disorders that would make adoption of health behaviors difficult, or complications of obesity that necessitate prompt referral to a pediatric obesity treatment center for more aggressive weight loss therapy. Examples of medical or psychological conditions that would render the child ineligible for this study include uncontrolled or poorly-controlled asthma or hypertension, bulimia, mental retardation or severe learning disability, as well as pseudotumor cerebri, sleep apnea, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, and slipped capital femoral epiphysis.

Both
7 Years to 11 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT00284557
416-2005
No
Anne Lang Dunlop, MD, MPH, Emory University
Emory University
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Principal Investigator: Anne L Dunlop, MD, MPH Emory University
Emory University
June 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP