Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Acutely Relapsed Patients With Schizophrenia
|First Received Date ICMJE||January 26, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||May 14, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||March 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00283179 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||PANSS-positive score, PANSS-negative score, CGI-severity score, CGI-improvement score, and safety/tolerability.|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Acutely Relapsed Patients With Schizophrenia|
|Official Title ICMJE||Efficacy and Safety of Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Acutely Relapsed Patients With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder With Risperidone as an Active Control|
To evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of aripiprazole in the treatment of acutely relapsed patients with diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder with risperidone as an active control.
Medical treatment of schizophrenia uses antipsychotic drugs, which ameliorate the acute episodes and probably prevent or decrease the risk of occurrence of new episodes. Most antipsychotics share the ability to block postsynaptic dopaminergic receptors of the D2 subtype.
The typical antipsychotics (such as haloperidol and chlorpromazine) ameliorate acute episodes and possibly prevent or decrease the risk of occurrence of new episodes, but they have minimal effectiveness against negative symptoms, mood symptoms, and cognitive impairment, which often lead to poor social functioning. Its full Dopamine antagonism is often associated with a number of well-recognized debilitating side effects. One example is EPS. A new class of antipsychotics, the atypical agents (such as clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine), became available starting in the late-1980s. Their mode of action affects both the serotonin and dopamine (DA) receptors. They are better tolerated than the typical antipsychotics with regard to EPS, except at higher doses. The improvement in the side effect profile seen with the atypical antipsychotics is accompanied by efficacy against positive symptoms and perhaps some improvement in efficacy against negative symptoms. Although they offer better efficacy and lower rates of EPS compared to typical agents, they are associated with other side effects that may be of clinical concern. For example, olanzapine and clozapine have an increased incidence of weight gain and diabetes mellitus, risperidone is associated with hyperprolactinemia, and ziprasidone is associated with ECG QT interval prolongation. In addition to tolerability issues, a significant proportion of patients still do not adequately respond to these newer agents. A need still exists for efficacious alternatives that demonstrate improved tolerability and side effect profiles so as to enhance treatment compliance and long-term functioning.
Aripiprazole is a novel DA-serotonin stabilizer approved in U.S. for the management of schizophrenia. The unique mode of action of aripiprazole translates into efficacy against psychotic symptoms and a more favorable safety profile than current treatment. Its introduction will clearly provide patients and their families with a much-needed alternative to the antipsychotics currently available.
This study further examined the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole in patients having acute relapse of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in Taiwan. The duration of this study was 4 weeks.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 3|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Chan HY, Lin WW, Lin SK, Hwang TJ, Su TP, Chiang SC, Hwu HG. Efficacy and safety of aripiprazole in the acute treatment of schizophrenia in Chinese patients with risperidone as an active control: a randomized trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;68(1):29-36.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||December 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years to 65 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Taiwan|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00283179|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||31-02-A01|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Taiwan Otsuka Pharm. Co., Ltd|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Taiwan Otsuka Pharm. Co., Ltd|
|Verification Date||January 2006|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP