TNF-Alpha Directed Therapy in Asthma
|First Received Date ICMJE||January 17, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||January 17, 2006|
|Start Date ICMJE||October 2001|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||No Changes Posted|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||TNF-Alpha Directed Therapy in Asthma|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Randomised, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study to Determine the Effect of REMICADE on Safety, Efficacy and Biomarkers of Inflammation in Patients With Asthma Receiving Inhaled Corticosteroids|
This trial is a randomised, single-center, placebo-controlled, double blind, parallel group study in patients with asthma symptomatic on inhaled steroids.
This trial will examine the efficacy and safety of 5 mg/kg doses of infliximab in patients with inhaled corticosteroid-dependent asthma. The primary objective of this study is to obtain pharmacological evidence for a role of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha in patients with asthma symptomatic on inhaled steroids and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of repeated intravenous administration of infliximab.
Study Overview This trial is a randomised, single-center, placebo-controlled, double blind, parallel group study in patients with asthma symptomatic on inhaled steroids.
Patient Population Patients eligible for this study will have a diagnosis of moderate asthma defined by the American Thoracic Society criteria for > 1 year. These patients should be taking inhaled steroids at doses equivalent to </= 400µg and </= 2000µg per day beclomethasone diproprionate but not oral steroid medication. Patients taking additional oral steroids are required to stop oral medication at least one month prior to pre-screening.
Many of these patients will be receiving long-acting beta2–agonists and this therapy will be discontinued for 48h before starting the run-in. In addition, the following therapies are not allowed: 1) anticholinergics; 2) theophylline; 3) oral beta2-agonists; 4) antihistamines; 5) inhaled cromolyn sodium or nedocromil; 6) leukotriene antagonists.
Patients using these prohibited medications will be asked to discontinue use 2 weeks prior to the screening examination. During this washout period, patients will keep a clinical diary and will remain in contact with the clinical research center.
Eligible patients for screening will maintain stable doses of their normal inhaled steroids in doses equivalent to >/= 400 µg and </= 2000µg per day beclomethasone diproprionate and will be able to use short-acting beta2-agonists for symptom relief.
Screening At screening, eligible patients will have a baseline screening FEV1 of >/= 60 to </= 90% of predicted at least 4 hours after the last usage of a short-acting beta2-agonist. Patients will have reversible airway obstruction: a >/= 12% increase in FEV1 in comparison to baseline should be shown within 30 minutes after taking 200 µg salbutamol. If airway reversibility cannot be demonstrated during this visit, patients are eligible for re-testing. Reversible airway disease may be demonstrated at any time between screening and start of run-in period. The 2 to 4 week run-in period will start immediately after demonstration of reversible lung disease.
Patients will also have skin tests to a standard battery of bronchial allergens performed at screening. Patients should have both a purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test and a chest radiograph prior to their first infusion. Patients with evidence of either latent or active tuberculosis (TB) will not be enrolled.
Run-in Period Following acceptable screening tests patients will complete a baseline run-in of 2 to 4 weeks duration prior to the study start. During this period patients will be required to keep a symptom diary and to record baseline lung function parameters using an electronic spirometer. As before, patients will be maintained on their normal inhaled steroids in doses equivalent to >/= 400 µg and </= 2000µg per day beclomethasone diproprionate and will be able to use short-acting beta2-agonists for symptom relief. No other asthma medications will be allowed during this period and the rest of the study. Use of all other, non-asthma, medication will be reviewed by the Investigator and allowed at his/her discretion provided a stable dose regimen is maintained where possible throughout the study.
Baseline Visit (day –1) The day before the first drug administration, patients will attend the clinical research unit and diary cards will be reviewed. In order to enter the study the patients must have a mean total daily symptom score >/= 4 measured during the last 7 days of the baseline run-in period [A symptom scale with scores ranging from 0 (=symptom free) to 3 (=severe symptoms) is used, with 6 questions, and a total maximum daily symptom score of 18, see appendix D)] and/or have a >/= 10% and < 30% diurnal variation in PEFR measured on at least 2 of 7 days during the same period.
Diurnal variation in PEFR is defined from morning and evening PEFR values; in the morning and evening the PEFR is determined on 3 immediately consecutive occasions and the highest value taken. The calculation of diurnal variation is based on:
[(higher (am or pm) PEFR- lower (am or pm) PEFR) / higher (am or pm) PEFR x 100].
In eligible patients, the following pharmacodynamic assessments will be made: breath NO levels (non-nasal) and breath condensates, pulmonary function testing (FEV1, FVC and PEFR), sputum induction for markers of inflammation, and a blood sample collection for the measurement of markers of inflammation.
Study Treatments Patients will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to treatment with infliximab or placebo, respectively. PRI will provide the randomisation list. At t=0 weeks, patients will either receive 5 mg/kg infliximab (Group I, n=20) or placebo (Group II, n=20). Subsequently, infliximab or placebo will be infused at weeks 2 and 6. Throughout the study period up to week 12, patients will be allowed to use inhaled corticosteroids at a stable dose regimen. Salbutamol, a short-acting 2-agonist, will be allowed as necessary to relieve symptoms.
During the study, the two treatment groups are defined as:
Group I: Infliximab 5 mg/kg + short-acting beta2-agonist (as needed) + inhaled corticosteroids (equivalent to >/= 400 µg and </= 2000µg per day beclomethasone diproprionate).
Group II: Placebo + short-acting beta2-agonist (as needed) + inhaled corticosteroids (equivalent to >/= 400 µg and </= 2000µg per day beclomethasone diproprionate).
Study Evaluations Throughout the study, starting with the baseline run-in period, patients will be required to daily record their PEFR and FEV1 (morning and evening), short-acting beta2-agonist use and clinical symptoms using a diary card. Mean weekly scores will be calculated for each parameter starting at week –1 up to week 12. Prior to administration of study drug at week 0 and, in addition, at weeks 1, 8 and 12, the following pharmacodynamic assessments will be made: breath NO levels, breath condensate leukotriene B4 & C4, pulmonary function testing (FEV1, FVC and PEFR), sputum induction for markers of inflammation (weeks 0, 1 and 8 only) and levels of markers of inflammation in peripheral blood. In addition, at weeks 2 and 6, breath NO levels will be measured and pulmonary function testing will be performed.
Safety Safety evaluations will include measurement of vital signs during and immediately after (for 2 hours) the infusion of study medications and assessment of adverse events (AEs) at each of the evaluation visits. Additional vital signs and lung function measurements will be performed immediately after each infusion and at t = 1 and 2 hours post dose. Routine laboratory tests will be performed at screening, at day -1 and at weeks 2, 6, 8 and 12. During the study, the medical monitor will regularly review safety data.
Follow-up During the last visit in week 12 to the clinical research center, a follow-up examination, including a physical examination and blood and urine chemistry will be performed.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||April 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
11. Have had a serious infection during the previous 2 months. 12. Have a chronic or recurrent infectious disease 13. Have a history of opportunistic infections 14. Have current signs or symptoms of severe, progressive or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, or cerebral disease.
15. Have a history of lymphoproliferative disease, including lymphoma 16. Currently have any known malignancy or have a history of malignancy within the previous 5 years.
17. Have had substance abuse (drug or alcohol) problem within the previous 10 years.
18. Use of restricted respiratory medication prior to screening within the following time periods: 1) oral or systemic steroids, 1 month; 2) immunosuppressant therapy, 3 months.
19. Have a history of chronic cough, haemoptysis, weight loss, or pyrexia considered suggestive of possible current tuberculosis infection.
20. Patients with current active tuberculosis (TB) or atypical mycobacterial infection or a previous history of these infections.
21. Be considered at high risk for tuberculosis according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria, 22. A tuberculin (purified protein derivative, PPD) intradermal skin test > 10mm induration.
23. Have demyelinating disease (multiple sclerosis), autoimmune conditions such as systemic lupus.
|Ages||18 Years to 60 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United Kingdom|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00278083|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||C0168T42|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Imperial College London|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Imperial College London|
|Verification Date||January 2006|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP