Kidney Disease Biomarkers
|First Received Date ICMJE||July 7, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||October 25, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||November 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00255398 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Kidney Disease Biomarkers|
|Official Title ICMJE||Kidney Disease Biomarkers|
Kidney Disease Biomarkers
Summary: This study will identify biomarkers (proteins and other molecules in the blood or urine) that may help scientists predict what kidney disease a patient has and whether a given patient would respond to particular therapies. The study will look for biomarkers in the blood and urine of patients with various kidney diseases and study of the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) on biomarkers. Blood and urine from healthy volunteers will be studied for comparison.
Healthy people and the following patients may be eligible for this study: adults with diabetic nephropathy 18 years of age and older; children with newly diagnosed clinical idiopathic nephrotic syndrome between 2 and 18 year of age; children and adults with glomerular disease (minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, or collapsing glomerulopathy).
Participants undergo tests and procedures as follows:
Glomerular Disease: Adults with glomerular disease provide about four to six blood and urine samples over the course of 6 to 12 months. The samples are collected at the time of regularly scheduled visits for the NIH treatment protocol in which they are participating. Children provide only blood samples.
Chronic Kidney Disease: Patients with chronic kidney disease provide a blood and urine sample every 6 months for 3 years or more.
Angiotensin Antagonism: Patients with chronic kidney disease who are taking ACE inhibitors or ARBs stop their medicines for 4 weeks, while those who are not taking ACE inhibitors or ARBs begin one of the medicines. In general, patients just starting on the medications continue them after the study is completed, since they are beneficial for chronic kidney disease.
Information is gathered on symptoms, treatments, and results of past laboratory tests of all patients. Healthy volunteers provide blood and urine sample collections every month or every other month for up to four collections to be used for biomarker studies and the screen for common chronic diseases.
There is a pressing need to develop biomarkers for renal disease, which might assist in diagnosis and prognosis and might provide endpoints for clinical trials of drugs designed to slow progression of renal insufficiency. We propose to study potential biomarkers in five populations. First, we will study remittive therapy for glomerular disease (sample size up to 40), enrolling children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (N=20) and adults with minimal change, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and collapsing glomerulopathy (N=20). We will collect periodic urine samples as these patients receive remittive therapy with glucocorticoids or other agents. We will also study up to 10 healthy adult volunteers. We will carry out targeted urine proteomic studies, measuring levels of glomerular cell markers and cytokines, and we will profile urine proteins using mass spectrometry. Our goals are to identify markers of particular disease entities and of steroid responsiveness and to explore whether biomarkers contribute to the histologic sub-classification of these diseases. Second, we will study up to 40 adults with progressive chronic kidney disease of various etiologies and glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73m2. We will study blood and urine samples, using both targeted and profiling approaches. Our goal is to identify biomarkers that correlate with progressive loss of glomerular filtration function, which is a functional correlate of progressive renal fibrosis. Third, we will study up to 40 adults, primarily with diabetic nephropathy, who start or stop angiotensin antagonist therapy (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers) and compare urine proteomic profiles on therapy and off therapy (4 week interval). Our goal is to identify potential biomarkers that correlate with the beneficial anti-fibrotic effects of these agents. Fourth, we wish to define possible sex differences in urine exosome proteins, obtained from healthy volunteers, who are hospitalized for six days for administration of a standard diet and collection of research urine samples. Fifth, we wish to determine whether salt intake influences urine exosome proteins, obtained from healthy volunteers. These subjects will be hospitalized for 12 days during which time they will be placed sequentially on a high salt diet and a low salt diet, with collection of research urine samples and blood pressure monitoring. Proteomic analysis in these studies will take several approaches, including mass spectrometry of urinary peptides, analysis of urinary exosomes, and immunologic detection and quantification of candidate proteins in urine and blood.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||2 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00255398|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||060020, 06-DK-0020|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||October 2014|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP