Anti-D for Treating Thrombocytopenia in Adults Infected With Hepatitis C Virus With or Without HIV Co-Infection

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2008 by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00239733
First received: October 13, 2005
Last updated: September 25, 2008
Last verified: September 2008

October 13, 2005
September 25, 2008
March 2005
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Frequency and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Absolute change in platelet count from baseline [ Time Frame: Through Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency and severity of adverse events
  • Absolute change in platelet count from baseline to Weeks 1, 4, and 12 after initiating treatment
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00239733 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Anti-D for Treating Thrombocytopenia in Adults Infected With Hepatitis C Virus With or Without HIV Co-Infection
The Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Anti-D for the Treatment of Thrombocytopenia in Patients With HCV Infection Prior to or During Treatment With Pegylated-Interferon and Ribavirin

Thrombocytopenia occurs when a person's blood has a decreased number of platelets, which are cells involved in blood clotting. This condition may lead to uncontrolled bleeding and can be fatal. Thrombocytopenia commonly occurs with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection or as a result of standard HCV treatment. Anti-D is an antibody approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HIV-related thrombocytopenia. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of intravenous anti-D for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in patients with HCV infection who are starting or already undergoing treatment with peginterferon alfa-2 and ribavirin. This study will recruit HCV patients both with and without HIV co-infection.

Peginterferon alfa-2 with ribavirin is the current standard of care for the treatment of HCV infection; however, severe hematologic effects, including anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia, may make this treatment less than ideal for patients with HCV. Medications to prevent or treat serious neutropenia and anemia have been established and are commonly used. However, thrombocytopenia remains a barrier to the effective treatment of HCV infection in some patients. Developing a more effective treatment for thrombocytopenia for these patients would decrease the risk of serious bleeding events. It may also improve HCV treatment outcomes by preventing dose modifications or discontinuations of peginterferon alfa-2 and ribavirin due to thrombocytopenia.

Anti-D is an antibody to the Rh (D) antigen on red blood cells. When anti-D attaches to the Rh (D) antigen, immune-mediated destruction of platelets is prevented, helping to alleviate low platelet levels in people with thrombocytopenia. This study will investigate the safety and efficacy of anti-D for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in HCV patients currently on or starting standard HCV treatment. Both HIV infected and uninfected participants will be recruited for this study.

This study will last 12 weeks. Participants in this study must be either currently on peginterferon alfa-2 and ribavirin treatment or initiating such treatment at the start of the study; these two medications will not be provided by the study. At study entry, participants will be given anti-D over a 30-minute infusion in an outpatient setting. Participants will be observed for any adverse effects for 1 hour postinfusion. Some participants may require additional doses of anti-D later in the study, depending on individual response to the drug; participants may receive 1 to 6 doses of anti-D. Efficacy of anti-D treatment will be assessed by absolute change in platelet count and the ability to sustain plaletet counts greater than 50,000 cells/microL during the study. Cytokine levels will also be monitored to gain insight on how anti-D may work with cytokines in platelet survival and clearance.

Generally, study visits will occur at study entry and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12. In patients who require additional infusions of anti-D, there will be additional visits scheduled for each additional infusion and a postinfusion visit occurring 1 week after each infusion. All study visits will include medication history and blood collection. A clinical assessment and a targeted physical exam will occur at study entry, Weeks 1 and 12, and at additional infusion and postinfusion visits, if applicable.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV Infections
Drug: Anti-D
30-minute infusion administered in an outpatient setting
Experimental: 1
Participants will be given anti-D in an outpatient setting. Participants will be observed for any adverse effects for 1 hour postinfusion. Some participants may require additional doses of anti-D later in the study, depending on individual response to the drug; participants may receive 1 to 6 doses of anti-D.
Intervention: Drug: Anti-D
Ware RE, Zimmerman SA. Anti-D: mechanisms of action. Semin Hematol. 1998 Jan;35(1 Suppl 1):14-22. Review.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
20
March 2010
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria for All Participants:

  • HCV-infected
  • Currently on treatment for HCV OR plan to begin treatment for HCV at the start of this study
  • Platelet count less than 50,000 cells/microl
  • Hemoglobin greater than 10 g/dl OR greater than 11 g/dl if peginterferon treatment-naive
  • Red blood cells are Rh (D) antigen-positive
  • Negative Coombs direct antibody test

Inclusion Criteria for HIV Infected Group:

  • HIV-infected

Inclusion Criteria for HIV Uninfected Group:

  • HIV-uninfected

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), anti-D, or other medication for the treatment of thrombocytopenia within 30 days of study entry
  • Prior serious reaction to plasma products
  • Absence of spleen
  • Evidence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) OR cause of thrombocytopenia other than HCV infection, HCV treatment, or HIV infection
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact: Kristen M. Marks, MD 212-746-7187 markskr@med.cornell.edu
United States
 
NCT00239733
K23AI65319-01
Not Provided
Kristen M. Marks, MD, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Kristen M. Marks, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
September 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP