Characterization of the Adherence Threshold for HIV Suppression of a Kaletra-based Regimen
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 12, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||November 4, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||May 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00200369 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Characterization of the Adherence Threshold for HIV Suppression of a Kaletra-based Regimen|
|Official Title ICMJE||Characterization of the Adherence Threshold for HIV Suppression of a Kaletra-based Regimen|
The hypothesis of this study is that the level of adherence necessary to achieve HIV virologic suppression with a ritonavir boosted protease inhibitor regimen (i.e. lopinavir/ritonavir) is less than the 95% rate observed in the published literature with unboosted regimens.
The existing dogma is that patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to treat their HIV infection must take at least 95% of prescribed doses in order to maintain full suppression of viral replication. This belief is largely based on a single study that was performed between 1997 and 1999 (Ann Int Med 2000;133:21-30). The vast majority of patients in this study were receiving regimens based on either indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, or saquinavir. All of these agents have relatively short half-lives, and therefore must be taken on time two or three times per day. Newer medications such as lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra) feature much more favorable pharmacokinetic profiles. On the basis of improved pharmacokinetics, there is reason to believe that regimens built around such agents may be more forgiving of missed medication doses.
This study aims to enroll 90 patients from the MMC I.D. Clinic who are either receiving or are about to receive Kaletra. Patients who agree to participate will be furnished with a MEMS cap, a bottle cap that electronically records each time that the bottle is opened and stores the data for computer download, and will undergo electronic monitoring of their Kaletra adherence for a period of siz months. Adherence data will not be reviewed during the study, but at study end (and at interim time points), the investigators will analyze the MEMS cap data from patients who have completed the study in order to determine the threshold value of adherence necessary to achieve satisfactory rates (i.e. 70-80%) of complete virologic suppression.
An additional aim of the study is to collect specimens from patients receiving Kaletra based regimens who experience virologic failure and to archive them for possible studies of genotypic and phenotypic resistance in the future.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
Subjects will be recruited from the Montefiore Medical Center Infectious Diseases Clinic with eligibility criteria as listed below.
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infection|
|Intervention ICMJE||Device: MEMS cap|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Shuter J, Sarlo JA, Kanmaz TJ, Rode RA, Zingman BS. HIV-infected patients receiving lopinavir/ritonavir-based antiretroviral therapy achieve high rates of virologic suppression despite adherence rates less than 95%. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 May 1;45(1):4-8.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||90|
|Completion Date||March 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||19 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00200369|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||03-10-268, Abbott Laboratories #378-03-71|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Montefiore Medical Center|
|Information Provided By||Montefiore Medical Center|
|Verification Date||November 2009|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP