Nitric Oxide and the Autonomic Nervous System

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Italo Biaggioni, Vanderbilt University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00178919
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: May 24, 2013
Last verified: May 2013

September 12, 2005
May 24, 2013
August 2002
August 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Change in Systolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: At the end of the highest tolerated dose of IV infusion of L-NMMA ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    L-NMMA (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) was infused intravenously at different doses for 15 minutes each, after blocking the autonomic nervous system with trimethaphan. The change in systolic blood pressure at the end of the highest tolerated dose is the main outcome. Trimethaphan infused intravenously was used to produce transient blockade of the autonomic nervous system to allow for a full response to nitric oxide inhibition (in the absence of the baroreflex.
  • Systolic Blood Pressure in Response to Systemic Nitric Oxide Inhibition [ Time Frame: End of 15 minutes of infusion of L-NMMA at the highest tolerated dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Systolic blood pressure at the highest tolerated dose of IV infusion of L-NMMA during autonomic nervous system blockade with trimethaphan. Trimethaphan, infused intravenously was used to produce transient blockade of the autonomic nervous system to allow for a full response to nitric oxide inhibition (in the absence of the baroreflex.
Rise in systolic blood pressure
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00178919 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Nitric Oxide and the Autonomic Nervous System
Cardiovascular Regulation: Autonomic/Metabolic Mechanisms PO1 HL56693, Project 4: Cardiovascular Regulation: Autonomic/Metabolic Mechanisms

The amount of blood flowing to the different parts of the body is regulated by the autonomic (automatic) nerves and by local factors produced by the blood vessels. Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the most important of these metabolic factors. If the production of NO is slowed or stopped the amount of blood to the different parts of the body is decreased. There is increasing knowledge that NO mechanisms are impaired in a number of medical conditions. NO function is reduced in patients with risk factors for atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) such as hypercholesterolemia (patients with high cholesterol), or diabetes mellitus, and is also impaired in smokers. This NO "deficiency" is believed to contribute to the greater cardiovascular risk that marks these patient populations. This study is designed to examine if endothelial nitric oxide is an important control mechanism of blood pressure under normal conditions, and if impairment of nitric oxide contributes to hypertension.

Not Provided
Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Hypertension
  • Pure Autonomic Failure
  • Drug: L-NMMA
    IV infusion of 125, 250 and 500 mcg/Kg/min for 15 minutes each dose. The main outcome is the maximal increase in blood pressure produced at the end of the infusions or a maximal systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg. It could be achieved after the first dose or the third.
  • Drug: Trimethaphan
    IV infusion for the duration of the study at 4-6 mg/min depending on autonomic blockade. This is only to produce transient pharmacological blockade of the autonomic nervous system in order to allow the full expression of the inhibition of nitric oxide synthase. There is no direct outcome associated with this intervention.
  • Experimental: Autonomic Failure Patients
    To compare the effects of NO inhibition during intact and transient pharmacological blockade of the autonomic nervous system in Patients with Autonomic Failure.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: L-NMMA
    • Drug: Trimethaphan
  • Experimental: Controls and hypertensives
    To compare the effects of NO inhibition during intact and transient pharmacological blockade of the autonomic nervous system in normal volunteers and hypertensive subjects.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: L-NMMA
    • Drug: Trimethaphan

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
112
August 2008
August 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult subjects.
  • 18 to 85 years.
  • Non-smokers or long term smokers for specific aim 6.
  • Drug-free.
  • Long term hypertension in specific substudy 3, patients with autonomic failure in specific aims 4 and 5, diabetes mellitus in specific aim 5.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Being on any medication other than antihypertensives (for hypertensives), autonomic medications (for autonomic failure [AF] patients), insulin or other treatment for diabetes (for diabetic patients).
  • Having pulmonary, renal, hematopoietic, hepatic and/or cardiac disease.
Both
18 Years to 85 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00178919
010876, NIH 1RO1HL71172
No
Italo Biaggioni, Vanderbilt University
Vanderbilt University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Italo Biaggioni, M.D. Vanderbilt University
Vanderbilt University
May 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP