Islet Transplantation Using Campath-1H and Infliximab Induction

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00175266
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: October 1, 2009
Last verified: October 2009

September 12, 2005
October 1, 2009
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00175266 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Islet Transplantation Using Campath-1H and Infliximab Induction
Islet Transplantation in Type 1 Diabetic Patients Using Campath-1H and Infliximab Induction

Islet transplantation has been investigated as a treatment for Type 1 diabetes mellitus in selected patients with inadequate glucose control despite insulin therapy. However, the perennial hope that such an approach would result in long-term freedom from the need for exogenous insulin, with stabilization of the secondary complications of diabetes, has failed to materialize in practice. The goal of the present study is therefore to improve the safety and efficacy of clinical islet-alone transplantation by minimizing dependence on calcineurin-inhibitor therapy - thereby avoiding potential nephrotoxicity, and furthermore improving success with single-donor islet infusions by avoiding all diabetogenic immunosuppression. Campath-1H, combined with Infliximab induction therapy provides a unique opportunity to minimize dosing of maintenance long-term immunosuppression while further promoting islet engraftment.

This is a single-centre, prospective, open-label study in Type 1 diabetic participants receiving an islet cell transplant; all participants will receive Campath-1H + Infliximab induction therapy followed by sirolimus and ultra-low dose tacrolimus maintenance therapy.

The primary objective of this protocol is to assess the safety of this treatment regimen in adult Type 1 diabetic participants receiving their first islet transplant.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 1 Diabetes
  • Drug: alemtuzumab
  • Procedure: islet transplant
  • Drug: infliximab
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Gala-Lopez B, Kin T, O'Gorman D, Pepper AR, Senior P, Humar A, Shapiro AM. Microbial contamination of clinical islet transplant preparations is associated with very low risk of infection. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2013 Apr;15(4):323-7. doi: 10.1089/dia.2012.0297. Epub 2013 Feb 25.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
12
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • must have Type 1 diabetes mellitus for more than 5 years
  • diabetes must be complicated by at least one of the following situations that persist despite intensive insulin management efforts. The complicating situations are (1) Reduced awareness of hypoglycemia, as defined by the absence of adequate autonomic symptoms at plasma glucose levels of < 3.0 mmol/L; (2) Metabolic lability/instability, characterized by MAGE ≥ 11.0 mmol/L and wide swings in blood glucose despite optimal diabetes therapy; and (3) Despite efforts at optimal glucose control, progressive secondary complications of diabetes, including retinopathy, neuropathy, or nephropathy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe co-existing cardiac disease
  • Active alcohol or substance abuse
  • Psychiatric disorder making the subject not a suitable candidate for transplantation
  • Active infection including hepatitis C, hepatitis B, HIV, or TB
  • Any history of or current malignancies except squamous or basal skin cancer
  • BMI > 28 kg/m2 or body weight > 85 kg at screening visit
  • Positive fasting C-peptide response on assessment (2 positive results)
  • Creatinine clearance < 80 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Serum creatinine > 150 µmol/L
  • Macroalbuminuria (urinary albumin excretion rate > 300 mg/24h)
  • Baseline Hb < 105g/L in women, or < 130 g/L in men
  • Baseline LFT's outside of normal range
  • Untreated proliferative retinopathy
  • Positive pregnancy test, intent for future pregnancy or male subjects' intent to procreate, failure to follow effective contraceptive measures, or presently breast feeding
  • Previous transplant, or evidence of sensitization on PRA
  • Insulin requirement > 1.0 IU/kg/day
  • HbA1C > 0.12
  • Hyperlipidemia (fasting LDL cholesterol > 3.4 mmol/L, treated or untreated; and/or fasting triglycerides > 2.3 mmol/L)
  • Under treatment for a medical condition requiring chronic use of steroids
  • Use of coumadin or other anticoagulant therapy (except aspirin) or subject with PT INR > 1.5
  • Untreated Addison's disease
  • Untreated Celiac disease
  • Untreated thyroid disease
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada
 
NCT00175266
3516
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University of Alberta
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: A.M. James Shapiro, MD, PhD University of Alberta
University of Alberta
October 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP