A Study of Caspofungin, Liposomal Amphotericin B or the Combination of Both for Patients After Stem-Cell Transplantation
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 6, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||January 9, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||May 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Safety and efficacy of caspofungin, liposomal amphotericin B and the combination of caspofungin with liposomal amphotericin B in accordance with NCI-CTC toxicity|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00148148 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Study of Caspofungin, Liposomal Amphotericin B or the Combination of Both for Patients After Stem-Cell Transplantation|
|Official Title ICMJE||Phase II Randomised Study of the Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of Caspofungin (CAS), Liposomal Amphotericin B (LAMB) or the Combination of Caspofungin With Liposomal Amphotericin B for Patients After Stem-Cell Transplantation|
The study compares the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of caspofungin, liposomal amphotericin B or the combination of both in the antifungal treatment of adult patients after allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation with granulocytopenia and persistent i.g. recurrent fever under adequate antibacterial therapy.
This is an open, randomised, three-arm multicenter phase II clinical trial investigating the safety, tolerance and plasma pharmacokinetics of caspofungin, liposomal amphotericin B and the combination of both agents as empirical antifungal therapy in adult patients following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Eligible patients are those with profound granulocytopenia (≤ 500 neutrophil granulocytes) and persistent or recurrent fever despite broad-spectrum antibacterial therapy of a minimum of 36-48 hours duration. Patients are stratified according to the type of the transplantation (human leukocyte antigen [HLA] matched/related versus HLA-mismatched/unrelated) and randomized into one of the following treatment arms: Caspofungin alone (50 mg/day with a loading dose of 70 mg on day 1), liposomal amphotericin B alone (3 mg/kg/day), or the combination of caspofungin and liposomal amphotericin B (similar dosages as in the single-drug treatment arms).
Caspofungin and liposomal amphotericin B are administered once daily as an intravenous infusion. Serial plasma samples for determination of pharmacokinetic parameters are collected on days one and four of treatment. Safety and tolerance of the randomised intervention are evaluated daily, following the last dose of study drug and at 14 days after last dose of study drug according to current NCI-CTC criteria. Antifungal efficacy and survival are evaluated following the last dose of study drug and at 14 days after the last dose of study drug.
Treatment with study drug is continued until either:
Febrile granulocytopenic patients with probable or proven invasive fungal infections are not eligible for this study. Patients who develop a probable or proven breakthrough infection are taken off study and receive standard therapy. Breakthrough infections are defined as probable or proven invasive fungal infections that occur during treatment with study medication.
Twenty-five patients with a minimum duration of treatment of four days will be randomised per study arm. Patients who receive at least one dose of study drug are eligible for analysis of safety, tolerance and pharmacokinetics. For the analysis of the secondary endpoints of antifungal efficacy and survival, two separate cohorts will be analysed. These include:
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||75|
|Completion Date||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Germany|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00148148|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||KKS-MS-005-KMT-10/03, BfArM 4021825|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||University Hospital Muenster|
|Information Provided By||University Hospital Muenster|
|Verification Date||January 2007|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP