Trial Regarding the Acceptability of Audiotape Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Screening

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00122395
First received: July 20, 2005
Last updated: May 3, 2006
Last verified: July 2005

July 20, 2005
May 3, 2006
January 2005
Not Provided
Acceptability, perceived safety and ease of administration of each survey method
1. Acceptability, perceived safety and ease of administration of each survey method.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00122395 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Disclosure of domestic violence
1. Disclosure of domestic violence
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Trial Regarding the Acceptability of Audiotape Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Screening
A Randomized Clinical Trial Regarding the Acceptability of an Audiotape Questionnaire for Intimate Partner Violence Screening in a Pediatric ED

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety, acceptability and ease of the administration of two screening methods, a pen and paper questionnaire and an audiotape with headsets, for screening for intimate partner violence in a pediatric emergency department (ED).

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant health problem, affecting 2 - 4 million women each year. Over half of the homes in which women are abused contain children, with 3.3 - 10 million children witnessing IPV each year. In 1998, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines stating that “identifying and intervening on behalf of battered women may be one of the most effective means of preventing child abuse,” and recommending that pediatricians perform routine IPV screening. Because of the substantial number of families seen in the emergency department (ED), this setting could provide an important site in which to implement universal screening. Exactly how to implement screening in this busy environment is unclear. One possible approach involves the use of an audiotape with a headset with a prerecorded screening questionnaire that prompts the respondent to circle “yes” or “no” answers on an otherwise blank sheet of paper. This method of screening has the potential benefits of:

  • Providing a more private method of screening;
  • Improving screening of women who cannot read well;
  • Enhancing the rate of screening by removing the burden of screening from providers.

Comparison: Female caregivers in a pediatric ED will be randomized to answering domestic violence (DV) screening questions either via pen and paper or via audiotape. After answering these screening questions, all women will be asked standardized questions about the acceptability, safety and ease of use of the method to which they are randomized.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Domestic Violence
  • Behavioral: Screening via pen and paper
  • Behavioral: Screening via audiotape
Not Provided
Bair-Merritt MH, Feudtner C, Mollen CJ, Winters S, Blackstone M, Fein JA. Screening for intimate partner violence using an audiotape questionnaire: a randomized clinical trial in a pediatric emergency department. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Mar;160(3):311-6.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
500
March 2005
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Older than 18 or an emancipated minor

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Child undergoing acute resuscitation
  • Other adults in the room
Female
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00122395
2004-5-3793
Not Provided
Not Provided
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Megan H Bair-Merritt Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Principal Investigator: Joel A Fein Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
July 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP