Radiation Therapy (WBI Versus PBI) in Treating Women Who Have Undergone Surgery For Ductal Carcinoma In Situ or Stage I or Stage II Breast Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Southwest Oncology Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00103181
First received: February 7, 2005
Last updated: March 6, 2014
Last verified: March 2014

February 7, 2005
March 6, 2014
March 2005
June 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
In-breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) [ Time Frame: every 6 months for 5 years; annually thereafter ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00103181 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: time from randomization to death due to any cause ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recurrence-free survival [ Time Frame: time from randomization to recurrence assessed every 6 months for 5 years and annually thereafter ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Distant disease-free survival [ Time Frame: time from randomization to event occurrence assessed every 6 months for 5 years and annually thereafter ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life and patient-reported cosmesis by Breast Cancer Treatment Outcome Scale, MOS SF-36 Vitality, Convenience of Care scale, and symptoms [ Time Frame: measured at baseline, and 1 and 6 months and 1, 2, and 3 years after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity as assessed by adverse events during treatment [ Time Frame: at end of RT, and 4 weeks, 6 months, 12 months, and annually after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Radiation Therapy (WBI Versus PBI) in Treating Women Who Have Undergone Surgery For Ductal Carcinoma In Situ or Stage I or Stage II Breast Cancer
A Randomized Phase III Study of Conventional Whole Breast Irradiation (WBI) Versus Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI) for Women With Stage 0, I, or II Breast Cancer

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy in different ways may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. It is not yet known whether whole breast radiation therapy is more effective than partial breast radiation therapy in treating breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying whole breast radiation therapy to see how well it works compared to partial breast radiation therapy in treating women who have undergone surgery for ductal carcinoma in situ or stage I or stage II breast cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare local tumor control in women with ductal carcinoma in situ or stage I or II breast cancer treated with adjuvant whole breast vs partial breast irradiation following lumpectomy.

Secondary

  • Compare overall survival, recurrence-free survival, and distant disease-free survival in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the cosmetic result in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare fatigue and treatment-related symptoms in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare perceived convenience of care in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare acute and late toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS] only vs invasive and node negative vs invasive with 1-3 positive nodes), menopausal status (premenopausal vs postmenopausal), hormone receptor status (estrogen receptor [ER]-positive and/or progesterone receptor [PR]-positive vs ER-negative and PR-negative), intention to receive chemotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. (Patients who are 50 years of age and over with DCIS regardless of hormone receptor status AND patients with invasive breast cancer meeting all of the following criteria: ≥ 50 years of age, node-negative, and hormone-receptor positive status will not be enrolled in study after 12/30/2006.)

  • Group 1: Patients undergo whole-breast irradiation (WBI) once daily, 5 days a week, for 5-7 weeks.
  • Group 2: Patients undergo partial-breast irradiation (PBI) twice daily on 5 days over a period of 5-10 days. This may be delivered by multi-catheter brachytherapy, single-entry intracavitary brachytherapy, or 3-D conformal radiotherapy.

Patients in both arms may receive adjuvant chemotherapy at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of WBI OR at least 2 weeks after completion of PBI at the discretion of the treating physician. Patients with ER-positive or PR-positive tumors may also receive hormonal therapy, beginning 3-12 weeks after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy (or before, during, or after completion of WBI or PBI for patients not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy) and continuing for at least 5 years.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 1 and 6 months, every 6 months for 4.5 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 4,300 patients (2,150 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 4.6 years. Note: Accrual closed on April 16, 2013, following approval of the Data Monitoring Committee to reduce the sample size from 4,300 to 4,214 patients.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Breast Cancer
  • Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal accelerated partial breast irradiation
  • Radiation: brachytherapy
  • Radiation: whole breast irradiation
    Patients undergo radiation therapy once daily (days 1-5) for up to 7 weeks
  • Radiation: MammoSite or other single-entry intracavitary device
  • Active Comparator: Group 1: WBI
    Patients undergo whole breast irradiation (WBI) once daily, 5 days a week for 5-7 weeks.
    Intervention: Radiation: whole breast irradiation
  • Experimental: Group 2: PBI
    Patients undergo partial-breast irradiation (PBI) twice daily on 5 days over a period of 5-10 days. This may be delivered by intracavitary brachytherapy, MammoSite or other single-entry intracavitary device, or 3-dimensional conformal accelerated partial breast irradiation.
    Interventions:
    • Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal accelerated partial breast irradiation
    • Radiation: brachytherapy
    • Radiation: MammoSite or other single-entry intracavitary device

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
4216
June 2016
June 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS*) or invasive* adenocarcinoma of the breast

    • Stage 0, I, or II disease

      • Stage II tumors must be ≤ 3 cm
    • Gross disease must be unifocal

      • Microscopic multifocality allowed provided total pathological tumor size is ≤ 3 cm
    • No proven multicentric carcinoma in more than 1 quadrant or separated by ≥ 4 cm
    • No non-epithelial breast malignancies (e.g., sarcoma or lymphoma) NOTE: *Patients who are 50 years of age and over with DCIS regardless of hormone receptor status AND patients with invasive breast cancer meeting all of the following criteria: ≥ 50 years of age, node-negative, and hormone-receptor positive status will not be enrolled in study after 12/30/2006
  • Prior axillary staging required for patients with invasive breast cancer, including 1 of the following:

    • Sentinel node biopsy alone (if sentinel node is negative)
    • Sentinel node biopsy followed by axillary dissection or sampling with ≥ 6 axillary nodes (if sentinel node is positive)
    • Axillary dissection alone with ≥ 6 axillary nodes
  • No more than 3 positive axillary nodes

    • No axillary nodes with definite evidence of microscopic or macroscopic extracapsular extension
    • No positive non-axillary sentinel nodes (intramammary nodes are staged as axillary nodes)
    • No palpable or radiographically suspicious ipsilateral or contralateral axillary, supraclavicular, infraclavicular, or internal mammary nodes unless there is histologic confirmation that these nodes are negative for tumor
  • Must have undergone lumpectomy

    • Resected margins histologically free of tumor
    • Re-excision of surgical margins allowed
    • Target lumpectomy cavity clearly delineated AND target lumpectomy/whole breast reference volume ≤ 30% based on postoperative pre-randomization CT scan
    • Final surgery (i.e., lumpectomy, re-excision of margins, or axillary staging procedure) within the past 42 days
  • No suspicious microcalcifications, densities, or palpable abnormalities in the ipsilateral or contralateral breast unless biopsied and found to be benign
  • No Paget's disease of the nipple
  • No history of invasive breast cancer or DCIS

    • Prior lobular carcinoma in situ treated by surgery alone allowed
  • No synchronous bilateral invasive or non-invasive breast cancer
  • Partial breast irradiation deemed technically deliverable by radiation oncologist at a credentialed facility
  • Must have undergone a history and physical exam within the past 4 months AND a bilateral mammogram within the past 6 months
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen receptor (ER) status known
    • Progesterone status known if ER analysis is negative
    • Marginal or borderline results are considered positive

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Sex

  • Female

Menopausal status

  • Premenopausal or postmenopausal

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • At least 10 years, excluding diagnosis of breast cancer

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Not specified

Renal

  • Not specified

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective non-hormonal contraception
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except previously treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or colon, melanoma in situ, or basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

    • Deemed to be at low risk for recurrence
  • No collagen vascular disease (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus or scleroderma), specifically dermatomyositis with a creatine phosphokinase (CPK) level above normal, or active skin rash
  • No psychiatric or addictive disorder that would preclude study therapy

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • No prior biologic therapy for this malignancy

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy for this malignancy
  • No concurrent chemotherapy during study radiotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • No prior hormonal therapy for this malignancy unless total duration of hormonal therapy was no more than 28 days before randomization
  • Concurrent hormonal therapy allowed provided it is not administered during chemotherapy
  • No concurrent raloxifene, tamoxifen, or other selective estrogen receptor modulating drugs
  • No concurrent hormone replacement therapy
  • No concurrent Femring^®

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy for this malignancy
  • No prior breast or thoracic radiotherapy
  • No concurrent brachytherapy boosts
  • No concurrent intensity modulated radiotherapy
  • No concurrent regional nodal irradiation

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior breast implants

    • Patients who have had implants removed are eligible

Other

  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
Female
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Canada,   Ireland,   Israel
 
NCT00103181
NSABP B-39/RTOG 0413, NSABP-B-39, RTOG-0413, SWOG-NSABP-B-39, NCI-2009-00698
Yes
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
  • Southwest Oncology Group
Principal Investigator: Norman Wolmark, MD NSABP Foundation, Inc.
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)
March 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP